Gender neutral militares

Military.com enables the millions of Americans with military affinity to access their benefits, find jobs, enjoy military discounts, and stay connected. Basta de usar sudaderas, jeans beiges y grises para decir que algo es neutral. Ver todos los resultados. Pop. Pop. El video de ‘Último round’, un puente entre el pasado y el presente de La Vida Bohème. El britpop en la moda: una identidad construida por el pasado. On February 26th 2016, a Guatemalan court declared former members of the military guilty of crimes against humanity. The crimes consisted of rape, sexual slavery and murder of indigenous girls and women during the country's armed conflict, with a sentence that amounted, in total, to 210 years.This is the first time that a domestic court has declared rape as a weapon of war and a crime against ... Maritime security strategies and their associated action plans are instruments that guide the policies and directives of states and international organizations in the maritime sector. This directly impacts the empowerment of women and how the discriminations they are subject to, including violence and exploitation, are addressed. However, a gender perspective of such instruments has not yet ... Shop Under Armour Men's Military & Tactical Boots. FREE SHIPPING available on all Military & Tactical Boots in the USA. Tidd also writes that on-base, facility use is found to be “gender neutral.” But it’s an “I do” that has translated into an “I don’t” from dozens of members of Congress. HLN has that report: “A Missouri Republican congressman says more than 60 members of congress have signed a letter to the Navy secretary denouncing that plan. Ya sea que usted sea una mujer que se mantenga alejada de la indumentaria abiertamente femenina, un hombre que prefiera una apariencia más neutral de género, o una persona transgénero o que no responda al género, podrá vestirse para el éxito sin ningún problema. La clave es encontrar la ropa que le quede bien, y se ve pulida y profesional.

Быстрые триггеры АСМР и звуки еды шепот ASMR quick triggers and whisper food sounds

2020.07.07 03:34 mdltv Быстрые триггеры АСМР и звуки еды шепот ASMR quick triggers and whisper food sounds

Быстрые триггеры АСМР и звуки еды шепот ASMR quick triggers and whisper food sounds
Быстрые триггеры АСМР и звуки еды шепот ASMR quick triggers and whisper food sounds
YouTube https://youtu.be/kYEsiWbyR9E
YouTube https://youtu.be/kYEsiWbyR9E
YouTube https://youtu.be/kYEsiWbyR9E
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2020.06.20 18:22 Billy-Batdorf Overview of Feminist Studies on the responsbility of Feminists for creating the current Police State.

This is something that is kept out of the public consciousness by constant distractions and yet couldn't be more relevant to current events.
Everyone contributed to the Police State in the US as it is, and I mean that sincerely. This is about how Feminism kneecapped the leftist movement against prisons by pitting leftists against Men, against Rights, and for Prisons and State Violence by creating profits for the Prison Industry and State Governments.
"Carceral Feminism" This term was coined by Elizabeth Bernstein, a pro sex-work intersectional Feminist who wrote a paper on the long and uncriticized trend of Feminists allying with Right-Wing evangelicals to end trafficking.
She argued that:
...this article seeks to demonstrate the extent to which evangelical and feminist antitrafficking activism has been fueled by a shared commitment to carceral paradigms of social, and in particular gender, justice (what I here develop as “carceral feminism”) and to militarized humanitarianism as the preeminent mode of engagement by the state.
And observed many times:
During the past decade, the term “trafficking” has once again been made synonymous with not only forced but also voluntary prostitution, while an earlier wave of political struggles for both sex workers’ and migrants’ rights has been eclipsed (see, e.g., Kempadoo and Doezema 1998; Chapkis 2005; Agustı´n 2007). According to observers both laudatory and critical, this displacement has been facilitated by the embrace of human rights discourses by abolitionist feminists, who have effectively neutralized domains of political struggle around questions of labor, migration, and sexual freedom via the tropes of prostitution as gender violence and sexual slavery

Some takeaways from her essay, available here.
But they hadn't.
In "Should Domestic Violence Be Decriminalized" Leigh Goodmark overviews the history of the anti-DV movement.
In 1984, the United States started down a path towards the criminalization of domestic violence that it has steadfastly continued to follow. The turn to the criminal legal system to address domestic violence coincided with the rise of mass incarceration in the United States. Levels of incarceration have increased by five times during the life of the anti-domestic violence movement.
Some important takeaways: *Feminists demanded an end to due process and rights, and demanded mandatory arrests for calls. They also created laws that awarded monies to courts for filing restraining orders, maintaining arrest quotas, and forcing victims out of the legal process so that prosecutions could not be dropped.
*VAWA is one such source of funding, and by originally demanding mandatory arrests virtually guarantees a profit incentive to falsify crimes.
*There is no reliable data showing that this has worked, or that increased funding has helped any victim.
*It affects primarily the poor and people of color (Black Americans have the least share of wealth, followed by Hispanic Americans)
*It ignores the real causes, backgrounds, and actors in Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). Note: From a Male perspective: Women have been shown in many studies to contribute to half of physical violence, rape, and completely dominate child abuse cases. Feminists have shown nothing but contempt or ignorance for these unbiased studies.
*As a result of Feminist politicking, Social Work is now coupled to Law Enforcement. The effects of this have created a bubble culture of people who despise victims and demand obedience.
Aya Gruber recounts her days as a public defender: “I observed government actors systematically ignore women’s desires to stay out of court, express disdain for ambivalent victims, and even infantilize victims to justify mandatory policies while simultaneously prosecuting the victims in other contexts.”
*Legitimate victims may be holding back their reports, while sociopaths are enjoying their ability to lock up their ex boyfriend over nothing.
*Theories of what to do include restricting law enforcement to genuinely dangerous violence or sexual assault, Deterrence based on reducing what police and courts can respond to - for example exclusively empirical data, and cost/benefit changes to policy measuring how law enforcement and prison makes the situation worse and causes far more harm than a potentially petty squable ever did.
Mimi Kim, author of "The Carceral Creep: Gender-BasedViolence, Race, and the Expansion of thePunitive State, 1973–1983" which is not freely available, went even further in showing that the Feminist movement was carceral far before Bernstein had imagined. This includes a criticism of the Duluth Model first trialed in Minnesota where the first riots after George Floyd's killing happened.
Takeaways: The State has methods of infiltrating civil society and demanding it's own presence, but civil society also beckons them in. **usually over a concern that no-one can be against**
While recognition of deep race and class disparities inherent in pro-criminalization strategies may have impeded investment in crime control, the suppression of these differences under a gender essentialist framework facilitated the continued adherence to carceral strategies as a central feature of feminist anti-violence movements...
ie: It's far easier to sell authoritarianism to liberals and leftists through Feminism than Racism.
Growing research, largely focused on third party policing, provides empirical evidence of how civil society actors, such as parents (Mazerolle and Ransley 2005), landlords (Desmond 2016), and hospitals (Lara-Millan 2014) have been recruited into the functions of surveillance and punishment. These studies emphasize the coercive dynamics of carceral recruitment and demonstrate the process of annexing non- state actors as crime control functions become institutionalized into everyday practices.
I got into Social Work because I grew up homeless. I can't express how disgusted I was when I found out that Feminists and Courts had gladly weaponized evictions and poverty to enforce ideology on the working poor, for whom evictions or restraining orders can ruin their life.
*Progressive elements are eroded and destroyed when a majority is empowered by working with the State. Feminist criticism of the rise of social justice as state violence fell on deaf ears.
*A weak social welfare state could be responsible for a proportional rise of carceral policies.

As legal theorists Brown and Halley (2002) warn, rights-based success can paradoxically transform social movement victors into unwitting agents of the state. With these forms of contentious politics, “once you win, you are the state” (p. 10).
Mimi's paper goes into depth on Feminists efforts to infiltrate the State and write policy that would punish Men for the crimes they imagined poor women to be suffering every day. One of the most interesting parts of the paper is a chart showing the tactics Feminists used to gain entry, so I made it an image.
*The classic argument that "X affects All Women!", even though it is factually wrong was central to infiltrating law enforcement
*Feminists exploited race, gender, and class to make arguments that only criminalization would work - rather than seeking to undo the root problems.
Mimi clearly establishes fault and responsibility with Feminists:
The consequences of these social movement choices extend beyond the confines of carceral feminism. By inviting carceral actors into new hybrid organizational forms, these strategies contributed to the architecture undergirding the construction of the expanding punitive state. Collaborative strategies legitimizing the key role of the criminal justice system and their accompanying gender, race, and class justifications forged the foundations for enduring frames and strategic directions that bolstered public support for pro-criminalization legislation and muted feminist opposition to carceral expansion. This narrative continued for at least three decades, fixing the feminist gaze on the promise of carceral protections at the expense of more emancipatory movement directions.
Feminists know this and accept it even while paying lipservice to #AbolishPolice, #BlackLivesMatter, etc. They created and supported the policies that lead to this. One of the chief architects of the 90s crime bills, and VAWA, in addition to pro-segregation laws: Joe Biden, has a current lead with Liberal Women.
Despite today’s critique of carceral feminism, demands for crime legislation to curb violence targeting oppressed groups such as LGBTQ communities and religious minorities have readily adopted the pro-criminalization frame promoted by feminist anti-violence strategies (Jenness and Grattet 2001; Spade 2015). Establishment of a Community Coordinated Response is now a familiar criterion for federal funding and has been implemented within jurisdictions in all 50 states and 13 countries abroad (Gondolf 2010). The most recent reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act in 2013 again tied federal funding for new campus sexual violence programming to participation in a Community Coordinated Response.
Mimi ends on the note that the idea of removing the collaboration between feminists and law enforcement is becoming more common in feminist communities. But here we are a year after her article, during a time of massive unrest over State Violence and there is no sense of responsibilities for these policies. In fact, many popular Feminists have managed to make a majority male problem about themselves - which will lead to more violence as they again turn this into an exaggerated threat that 'all women' face. White Men face more police violence than Black Women by hundreds of times, Black Men and White Women are virtually opposites when it comes to sentencing and Prison population, the idea that you can either be Feminist or be silent on an issue that is overwhelmingly male is just straight up oppression propaganda.
I would make the point that every political group has fallen into this same trap, but may have failed to infiltrate or exploit the politics of privilege to this extent. The left fell for the 'sex trafficking' demand for international authority, Feminism as a justification for war in the Middle East, Liberals fell for the same but also Bill Clinton's tough-on-crime bloodthirst, and the Right exaggerates property crime or Anti-Semitism to such epidemic proportions that they ended up censoring freedom of speech on campuses and on private property more than every SJW combined. See criminalizing activism against israeli occupation and free speech in the age of social media . You're not going to get what you want when you collaborate with the Capitalist State. You're going to end up betraying your principles and causing harm.
The police murders we have, though terrible, are also only the tip of the visible iceberg. We have millions in prison, while allowing private industry to profit from prison slave labor. We have immense economic inequality where wealth is still primarily inherited while labor rights and wages continue to fall and rents and costs of living go up. We have people who make only slightly more than their rent costs losing their jobs because of CPS mandatory child possession, Police mandatory arrests, and permanent records from fraudulent or exaggerated protection orders.
Hundreds of thousands of people gain a restraining order on their record every year and only 40% of these are said to be legitimate. The abuse of restraining orders is actually becoming a bigger issue because Feminists have silently been working to justify the use of said orders to censor people on social media from talking about their own lives. imagine working in a field to help people where your primary client is themselves an abuser. It punishes the poor, doesn't really affect anyone who can afford a lawyer, and rich celebrities abuse the system to get rid of competitors and people they don't like: very long read .
Even outside of the carceral state, Feminists have labored ceaselessly to ensure that private interest will be antagonistic to workers who don't toe the line of Feminist thought. We then end up in this massive contradictory loop where the very FEminists who created the system that murdered George Floyd are simultaneously declaring everyone who opposes them to be racists, but also continuing to fight for the right for white women like amy cooper to call the cops and have offending males murdered for existing wrong
I don't know if anyone has actually taken an interest in Social Work, but after reading a study on how overwhelming poor the problem of domestic violence is (rather than gendered), it became clear to me that one of the biggest problems is an inability to walk away and find new housing. This fact has no actualy presence among Feminist anti-DV advocates and they have never genuinely fought for it as they have for their own power. This is a country where you're required to pay for legal representation, and it's so expensive that most americans can't afford it and we're supposed to believe that Class isn't important. Class is the greatest indicator of Domestic Violence and how much you will suffer for it. The Rich Women who made everything worse clearly cannot comprehend this.
Of course if you've ever paid attention to Men's issues, the most glaring issue with everything I posted above is that even while Feminists try to keep their movement pure of Carceral influence- they still say absolutely nothing about the simple fact that Women commit the same crimes at the same rates. (Often within one standard deviation). So many of these policies actually enhanced domestic violence by allowing some of the worst abusers to exploit the carceral system; police, family courts, prisons: as a tool of their abuse. I would be among the people who say that the costs of bringing these in far outweighs the benefits, and so Feminists have ultimately made IPV worse not better. But this depends on whether or not you actually cared about Domestic Violence, or if it was all a cynical ploy to take power. There is no possibility of these Feminists involved with protests actually wanting to abolish the current legal system, they profit too much from it and designed too much of it.
I actually agree with the sentiment of abolishing the police, with the exception that you can't just let the same carceral intersectional feminists to come in again claming to 'heal communities' they destroyed simply by playing race politics. It would need to be pro-male and pro-working class by design, because we're overwhelmingly the victims of this system.
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2019.11.23 18:33 HarrowingCoordinate Alpha Point - O.R.S.S. Operations Director

Name: Jonn D'oh (Codename: Alpha Point)
Age: 49
Homeworld: O.R.S.S. Anaxes Base
Race: Human
Gender: Male
Alignment: Lawful Neutral
Affiliation: NGR; O.R.S.S.
Faction Rank: Operations Director
Force Sensitive: No
Appearance: A fair-skinned man, he stands at 6'2'' in his boots, though his stiff posture makes him seem a tad taller than he would otherwise be. A refined, bookish individual, he cuts a striking figure in his vibrant red uniform, making him the subject of much discussion whenever he appears. Though nearing old age, well-ordered and rigorous exercise have allowed him to keep pace with the same youthful agents he directs. His light brown hair is kept short and parted to the left, as regulation prescribes, and streaked with gray, fading into a large, well-kept beard. His eyes are narrow and green, possessing a singularly wary look about them. His head is noticeably square, with a strong nose set upon it, and a thin scar running across his left cheek.
Equipment: Red Operations Director Uniform; K-16 Bryar Pistol; Code Cylinders; Holopad
Resources: Directly: None Indirectly: ORSS Field Agents
Personality: A cool and calculating individual, he has spent the better part of his life planning and orchestrating one thing or another, be that in his capacity as Operations Director or in his private life. Pleasant and well-liked in spite of his intimidating position and bearing, several had suggested he replace the radical reformer Director Kast after the Fondor Incident.
Strengths: Adaptive and quick-witted, expert tactician, generally likable & charismatic.
Weaknesses: Caught up in ORSS internal politics and unable to properly execute his duties as a result, indebted to shady Core World interests, over-planner.
Backstory: Born in the medical wing of the O.R.S.S. Anaxes Facility at 3:15 AM on a Tuesday, 371 ABY, the future Operations Director was the son of two anonymous field agents who had been involved with a long term operation together on Raydonia. His parents, neither legally able nor personally interested in raising a child, had been compelled by the man who was at the time Director of the O.R.S.S., Gellus Thrax, to bring it to term and hand it over to the newly created Restorative Justice Initiative. An intelligence program designed to raise future Republic Leaders from birth, it was the culmination of the aging Director Thrax's policy of indirect control of republic affairs. Along with the 17 other members of the Restorative Justice Initiative, he was assigned a suitably generic name from a shortlist deemed commonplace and banal by various committees. And so it was, Jonn D'oh became the last member officially registered as part of the initiative's first batch.
Much of the early life of Jonn D'oh and his peers was spent in targeted conditioning sessions and accelerated education programs, designed to both instill an undying sense of loyalty to a pre-selected set of principles and ideals. The innate supremacy of the Core Worlds, the necessity for a strong, militarized government ruling from the Core Worlds, the vile nature of dissent and sedition, and the importance of the status quo to name only a few. This continued until late childhood, as the explicit focus on instilling principles and values became more subtle, and actual education became a priority. It was at this stage that the first program member was terminated for failing to meet the rapidly rising standards for the cadets, bringing the number down to 16 by the age of 7. Following the termination of Janus Kast - future O.R.S.S. Director Kast - 's brother that he grew close with Jonn D'oh, marking the start of their life long association.
By the time the program members were 16 only 10 remained, a result of the unreasonably harsh physical and mental conditioning that had begun with the onset of puberty; four terminations were the result of incidents in physical conditioning sessions, two terminations were the result of suicide. Jonn D'oh was, as reports indicate, one of the highest marked program members, falling short of only Janus Kast and Krieg Veers in overall scoring. It was after conditioning had completed that the remaining program members were broken up based on their individual scores and formed into specialty groups. Jonn D'oh and Janus Kast were marked to remain in the O.R.S.S. and begin careers in the intelligence service, six others were marked for accelerated military careers in various branches, and the two remaining program members were marked for civil positions in the Republic Government itself. Noteably, Fleet Admiral Firmus Holt was originally marked for civil service, but was transferred to military service at an unknown date.
With the tumultuous state of the galaxy, there was no lack of experienced field agents to begin instructing Jonn and Janus in the art of spycraft, as even after the death of Director Thrax, operations outside NGR Borders and in Hutt Space particularly were commonplace. Both excelled, though Janus' skill notably deviated from Jonn's. While Jonn was a skilled planner and tactical thinker, Janus' master of strategic thought was near-absolute even as a young adult. Together, they were a near-unstoppable duo and Director Thrax's successor, Melliea Isart, recognized as much. Though she had chosen not to renew the Restorative Justice Initiative after the first completed class, she saw the value in what it produced regardless and began pushing the pair towards more advanced training.
Their training completed by 395 ABY, the 24-year-olds were dispatched for the first live trial of their abilities: the Seige of Nar Shaddaa. Though only part of the larger, monumental task of breaking the world, their task was critical nonetheless. The mass of Hutt assets there demanded an equally gargantuan logistical network managed by a series of Hutt civil and military officials. Inserted planetside some weeks before the siege began in earnest, they spent months infiltrating the lower levels of the planet where the logistical management was based. It wasn't until some time in 396 ABY that they finally made their move, but when they did the result was tangible, the rapid and systematic death of the Hutt logistical management threw the enemy's lines into disarray, allowing for notable gains by Republic forces before they could recover.
The nine years following their completion of O.R.S.S. training saw the duo deployed all across the Outer Rim in an effort to help stabalize - or in select operations against Mandalore destabilize - the region in the wake of the ORW. Though hunting war criminals and combatting pirate warlords proved beneficial to the galaxy, eventually, Janus was called back to Anaxes, leaving Jonn on his own for the first time in his life. For three years Jonn was a lone operative on Zygerria working to help install a pro-Republic candidate on the Zygerrian Throne. Despite the affinity, he had gained for the native populace and their peculiar culture, he was ultimately unable to succeed in his mission and was forced to flee along with the Republic supported candidate.
Though disheartened by his first real failure as an agent, in 404 ABY Jonn returned to Anaxes to find that his close friend Janus had become the Director of the O.R.S.S. following the death of Isart at the hands of a group of Sith Unionists. In 409 ABY, after a brief stint on loan to the Grand Navy's Office of Intelligence, he was made Department Head of the Anti-Terror Department, when the defining act of his career began. Though the ORW had been a burden on all the galaxy, most of the Republic had remained relatively unaffected by it. The real concern came with the Corellia Incident; a horrid war between force users in the heart of the Republic itself and the assassination of the Grand Admiral. Regardless of the reasoning behind it, it had become apparent that force users at large, regardless of their supposed affiliation, could very well be a legitimate threat to the Republic. So it was that the Anti-Terror Department began - with tacit approval from Director Kast - the Outer-Rim Relief Program. On a handful of worlds in the Outer-Rim particularly impacted by the ORW front organizations were created to draw in local populaces and conduce their consent for medical testing. In addition to genuine medical work, secret tests were made to identify and tag force-sensitive individuals. Subsequently kidnapped and moved to test facilities in the Anaxes System, it was here that - in close cooperation with Krieg Veers and the NGR Marine Corp - various anti-force user countermeasures and contingencies were developed and tested on the kidnapped individuals.
The program reached its apex in 419 ABY when an anonymous Wookie Knighthunter who had been whisked away from Nar Shaddaa and hidden in the Northern Outer Rim in return for the identities of the other members of his group. Once more his services were called upon, though this time, by the Republic. A select group of high-level O.R.S.S. Agents and elite NGR Marines were to be trained by the Knighthunter in the art of combating force users, though before Jonn could see it through to completion he was finally called to a different station by Director Kast, leaving the program in the hands of his successor. After the Fondor Incident and the failure of the Operations Director of the O.R.S.S. to mitigate the damage that was caused there, a replacement was needed, and Jonn's skillset and disposition made him perfectly suited for the task. Taking a very hands-on approach to managing O.R.S.S. assets and agents, he played an important part in anti-reformation directives well into 420ABY, even overseeing the missions of select agents himself, should they be of enough import.
submitted by HarrowingCoordinate to SWRPmeta [link] [comments]


2019.08.01 07:42 anti-ZOG-sci-fry Georgia Tombstones (Part 3)

Georgia Tombstones (Part 3)
by Jayge 8^J
"There aren’t many things that get my anger and paranoia out for a walk on a rainy weekday afternoon than reading about advances being made by the military-industrial empire having to do with mind control. I like to be left alone to determine the direction of my life, so I find Joseph Farrell’s Microcosm and Medium to be a breath of fresh air, first for its new information, then for some analysis by someone with advanced intelligence and terminal degrees, and thirdly for its approach to hope for humanity. There are things we can do to prevent the cell doors of tyranny from slamming shut. “Following a paradigm of researching the relationship between alternative history and science, Farrell has followed with a stunning series of books….”; I can lay claim to having sampled the ones about Babylon’s banksters, and about transhumanism. And I resonate with the theme of cognitive integration, individually and within relationships, as a contrapuntal answer to the CIA’s push for a “disconnected, dissociative population in a state of confusion, hysteria, and passivity that is oblivious to transcendent beauty and virtue”. It is Farrell’s contention “that to ignore the mind control aspect of the post-World War II manipulation of the world of the arts by the deep states, not only of the West but of the Soviet bloc, is to ignore what may be a central and principal key of their respective mind control and psychic research programs: that connection between (1) mind manipulation and/or control, (2) cosmology, and (3) the arts. Farrell cites Frances Stonor Saunders’ “The Cultural Cold War: The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters”. Being enamored of pipe organ and C.P.E. Bach, Farrell is comfortable discussing music theory and Dietrich Bartel’s Musica Poetica. “Music [using time signature, tempo, key, cadence and an entire arsenal of rhetorical methods and devices], supremely of all the arts, is thus in the fullest sense of the words a magical science or scientific magic, a quasi-alchemical craft of the manipulation of Affekten, and from thence the manipulation of subjective individual emotional responses”. You can see, as I did, that the way forward in reading “Microcosm and Medium” seems littered with cobwebs, but stay with it; in a moment, Farrell is discussing vibrations, frequencies, and the ability to move people. Citing C.P.E. Bach’s “Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments” [“A musician cannot move others unless he too is moved.”] Farrell says that “if one wishes to control, manipulate, or dominate the culture, one has to find a way to manipulate that which is the wellspring of it all: the mind…. No better argument in favor of this thesis exists than the American intelligence’s community mostly successful post-war attempt to drive the artistic-cultural agenda, and thereby to manipulate and engineer broad cultural perceptions.” Farrell speaks of the current degeneracy of the Western culture, of experimentation for the sake of experimentation, the embrace by the CIA of antinomianism, what Wikipedia called a “nonconformity through the concept of transgression”. This extends the modern usage of the term, from simply implying that “moral laws are relative in meaning and application”, to include the avowed irreligion manifest in modern Satanism”. Greg Barnhisel is cited as saying that complete moral degeneracy has been made “safe for consumption by American middle-class audiences”. Farrell cites certain anti-music like Schonberg as an example of “cultural Marxism”, the “unresolvable, unrealizable, unrealistic, unreasonable and irrational pursuit of pure equality of results”. He then turns to Dave McGowan’s book on the weird scenes inside Laurel Canyon and “the very evident hidden hand at work, the links to military and intelligence communities, with its hints of secret underground tunnels, MKULTRA operations”, drugs, and the continuation of a deep trend in aesthetics toward nihilism. “… the arts have been drafted and perverted as a soft power technique of mind manipulation and social engineering to the extent that perhaps the real target of the effort is not simply the population, nor its real motivation to ”socially engineering narrative and manage perceptions. It would appear that one possible and even deeper target maybe to hide the link between the mind and cosmology from the general public, all the while exploiting it in every way by and for the mandarins of the deep state.” [Page 54] Twenty-seven pages later, Farrell is still talking about embedded structural codes in music, math, dialogue, with its intervals, ratios, proportions and overtones or “harmonics”, and ten pages after that, he’s into William Tiller’s work on intention [ https://www.tillerinstitute.com ], Lt. Col. Tom Bearden (US Army, Ret’d) and his book “Gravitobiology: New Biophysics using Internal and External electro-magnetic field energy to produce new mechanisms for deep effects in biological systems” (noting especially his theory on the downing of the DC-8 at Gander, Newfoundland), and the topics of psycho-energetics and the induction of disease [how vary interesting that, in the October 2nd show of “New Amsterdam”, the second episode was devoted to and named “rituals”). And then turn to Part Two [“The Techniques and Technologies of Mind Manipulation”], starting at page 121, with Frank Church’s famous warning on August 17th, 1975, not to allow the US to fall into “the abyss from which there is no return”. Rudolf Hess is noted. Farrell’s tale about the remarks by the Deputy Fuhrer at the Nuremburg War Crimes Tribunal — that his entire nation had been plunged into a genocidal barbarism by some form of “brain poison”, that their thoughts and emotions had been manipulated by a secret and diabolical technology — are recounted in “Hess and the Penguins: The Holocaust, Antarctica and the Strange Case of Rudolf Hess”. “It was the first time in modern history that the world had been confronted with the possibility, not just of mind-control, but of mind control on a national and continental scale.” Farrell notes Jack Ruby and Sirhan Sirhan, as well as the oratorical “mass hypnosis” of Adolf Hitler, to give us glimpses into the possible use of hypnotic induction as a means of implanting suggested thoughts and actions, and the use of cues, triggers and methods of “sealing”. On page 142, Farrell introduces the idea of remote broadcast hypnotism. The brain can receive and send auditory and visual signals. There’s a special note at the bottom of page 142 that makes the acquisition of this book imperative. This is followed by information on pages 156-157 and Farrell introduces the book by Michael Meiers "Was Jonestown a CIA Medical Experiment?" Farrell answers “yes”: electroshock “treatments”, sleep deprivation, sensory deprivation, money-laundering, field tests for mass mind manipulation and population control, the administration of pharmaceuticals into large population groups through fast foods, the presence of an experimental kitchen and an unusually large medical staff of seventy people including psychiatrists, psychologists, behavioral scientists, pharmacologists, nurses and therapists to “evaluate the effectiveness of different mind control drugs specifically on Black and Native American populations [“race-specific designer drugs”] to render them (without detection) able to do heavy labor but without a will of their own. After the arranged suicides and murders, Zbigniew Brzezinski ordered that “politically sensitive papers and all forms of identification” be “removed from the corpses” (confirmed here and here). Farrell reviews the literature on psychic research behind the Iron Curtain (noting especially the works of Sheila Ostrander and Lynn Schroeder, as well as Leonid Leonidovich Vasiliev [See http://www.espresearch.com/mentalsuggestion/ .] Farrell speaks of the possibility of mind manipulation being used to enable or create “the collapse of a common cultural matrix”. Farrell notes the use of music to entrain other information, of its use in SuperLearning; Farrell switches gears and discuses research into psychokinesis, remote viewing, and telepathy; he notes John White’s 1988 book “Psychic Warfare: Fact or Fiction? An Investigation into the use of the mind as a military weapon” and engages in his trademark ‘high octane speculation’. The possible role for telepathy in a “first contact situation” with extra-terrestrial intelligent life (or whether telepathic communication would be perceived as a threat) brings to mind the recent movie “Arrival” and the idea of “talking in circles” (five-minute video). Time machines and time travel, and Farrell’s own book “The SS Brotherhood of the Bell”, make an extended cameo from pages 197 to 207. Soviet researcher Edward Naumov notes the possibility of affecting an individual or “a whole crowd of people”, their emotions, thoughts, memory, and “attention span”, and can cause physical fatigue, disorientation and altered behavior. Farrell notes that “psychometric or psychotronic weapons are not subject to any treaty provisions, nor are they subject to regulation. … there is nothing forbidding their acquisition or use by private groups, corporations, criminal Mafia-like organizations, terrorist cells” or non-state actors, an idea echoed by Robert Steele here : “… This weaponry is not just available to the CIA, it is now in the hands of paramilitary corporations as well as Deep State elements including the Knights of Malta, the Freemasons, and the Satanic Church.” Farrell brings two people in particular to our attention: Gloria Naylor and her book “1996”, a thinly-fictionalized account of her experiences of having been harassed with mind manipulation technologies of “synthetic telepathy”; and John Hall, a physician, whose two books (Guinea Pigs: Technologies of Control) and (“A New Breed: Satellite Terrorism”), present concise overviews of the technologies and make up the powerful end-punch of Farrell’s book. [Ed.: I have not read these books.] Naylor’s experiences imply that “the brain’s electroencephalogram has been so extensively mapped that there are ‘electroencephalographic dictionaries’ which are capable of modulating the exact waveforms onto the microwaves; that a more sophisticated version of this technology exists that allows the remote reading of your brain waves which would in turn allow an individual’s interior conversation to be monitored and, if necessary, to allow whole conversations without any actual spoken words transpiring between them.” [Underlining added]. Hall discovered that DARPA granted a 1972 contract to the Stanford Research Institute on the premise that thought was nothing more than an interior, non-vocalized conversation. “The implications of such a technology for use in warfare and battlefield communications should be apparent”, says Farrell. Additionally, as suggested by George Estabrooks, authoritative expert and author on hynoptism and the mind, this technology allows the development of “broadcast hypnotism”, and allows the hypnotize to monitor the state of the subject, and the degree of trance or success. Farrell notes, however, that as a broadcast technology, it is subject to the same possibilities for jamming by a third-party, for erasure of the information being modulated if the jammer has access to the same ‘electroencephalographic dictionaries’, or which can be used to send back an entirely different batch of information to the broadcaster. A “two-way channel of information transfer” could exist, ”thus making it possible for the subject of such an attack to counter-attack” and potentially, counter-manipulate those during the targeting. Farrell notes a resemblance to the recent “Cuban Embassy attacks”. Naylor claimed that John St. Clair Akwei, a former employee of NSA, sued, claiming that the NSA uses phoney (sic) business fronts” (see http://whale.to/b/akwei.pdf ). Akwei further “alleged that the NSA had the capability to alter specific television and radio signals at the receiving end with special equipment allowing them to modulate information into those signals, in effect, turning specific sets into broadcast transmitters of information received by certain individuals, but not other individuals. The potential for such a technology to create “false broadcasts” of genuinely “fake news” is evident, as is its potential to create the “Mandela effect”….Akwei even goes so far as to allege that the capability exists to monitor specific individuals by their “bioenergetic fields”. Known as” ‘radiation intelligence”, Farrell says that “the possibility arises that one method of “mapping” an individual’s bioelectrical neurological signature would be precisely through some covert mechanism or capability concealed in cell phones”. Naylor also points out (on page 121ff of her book) the use of these kinds of technologies on individuals to induce false dissociative states and symptoms – schizophrenia– is the perfect “plausible deniability” so coveted by covert operation operatives. John Hall, the anesthesiologist, has done the research to discover ultra-sonic technologies which can ”restrict blood vessels, cause the cessation of blood flow to the heart, prompt dizziness, cause blackouts, or create lethal heart attacks, leaving the local coroner none the wiser. Satellite technologies could be used for targeting the individual for a variety of microwave-induced physiological problems ranging from “heartburn, vomiting blood and blood in stool”, since all of these can be caused by thermal changes to the lining of stomach, esophagus, and intestines.” As noted, rogue groups that have access to these kinds of technologies can piggy-back their own agendas in operations onto government or corporate owned satellite systems and resources using the phenomenon of compartmentalization to cloak their activities. “Given that the government has conducted non-consensual studies on civilian and military subjects, none of whom were informed, ranging from the infamous Tuskegee syphilis experiments on unwitting poor blacks, forced sterilizations on children of mentally ill people, testicular transplants on prisoners, experiments on radiated Quaker Oats cereals and intentional radiation releases on unwitting populations, it is clear that the American military-intelligence complex has absolutely no scruples about using its own soldiers, prisoners, or citizens as human guinea pigs. Given this prior record, similar mind control experiments by the government cannot be ruled out. What must be avoided is simply the conclusion that the government, and only the government, has access to such technologies and that only the government would be willing to use them.” Farrell points out that the mere existence of electroencephalographic dictionaries implies an ability not only to read thoughts from a brain, but to “write” them to a brain. Farrell reminds us of the work of Dr. Jose Delgado, notorious mind manipulation advocate and MKULTRA researcher, famous for planting electrodes in brains in order to modify behavior, and for his research on the stimulation of areas of the brain involved with sexual characteristics, sexual identifications and the stimulation of desire. Given our culture’s ongoing push for gender-neutral language, the acceptance of trans-genderism, a push to accept pedophilia, soft forms of mind manipulation through broadcasting, language, music and the rewiring of pathways associated with certain powerful and emotional terms associated with human sexuality, and the engineering of individual and group identities and memories, and a review of Dr. Farrell’s references in this book to complete cultural collapse must be considered. I urge everyone to read this and related books, some whose links are embedded in this text. I urge you to assess their content and veracity. I urge you to convene and conduct further investigative research and dialogue. I especially urge everyone to address their deep implications for communication, education, and citizenship. I urge you to seriously embrace the challenges laid out here at PhiBetaIota.net, and see that sufficient funding is forthcoming to address them. We teeter on the edge of an abyss from which there will be no exit." -- review by Ed Jewett, phibetaiota.net
“Every morning brings us news of the globe, and yet we are poor in noteworthy stories. This is because no event comes to us without being already shot through with explanation. In other words, by now almost nothing that happens benefits storytelling; almost everything benefits information. Actually, it is half the art of storytelling to keep a story free from explanation as one reproduces it. . . . The most extraordinary things, marvelous things, are related with the greatest accuracy, but the psychological connection of the event is not forced on the reader. It is left up to him to interpret things the way he understands them, and thus the narrative achieves an amplitude that information lacks.” ― Walter Benjamin
“Actually, I hardly feel constrained to try to make head or tail of this condition of the world. On this planet a great number of civilizations have perished in blood and thunder. Naturally, one must wish for the planet that one day it will experience a civilization that has abandoned blood and horror, in fact, I am . . . inclined to assume that our planet is waiting for this. But it is terribly doubtful whether we can bring such a present to its hundred—or four-hundred-millionth birthday party. And if we don’t, the planet will finally punish us, its unthoughtful well-wishers, by presenting us with the Last Judgment.” ― Walter Benjamin
“Work on a good piece of writing proceeds on three levels: a musical one, where it is composed; an architectural one, where it is constructed; and finally, a textile one, where it is woven.” ― Walter Benjamin
“Writers are really people who write books not because they are poor, but because they are dissatisfied with the books which they could buy but do not like.” ― Walter Benjamin
“You could tell a lot about a man by the books he keeps - his tastes, his interest, his habits.” ― Walter Benjamin
“To be happy is to be able to become aware of oneself without fright.” ― Walter Benjamin
“The only way of knowing a person is to love them without hope.” ― Walter Benjamin
“That things are "status quo" is the catastrophe.” ― Walter Benjamin
“The work of memory collapses time.” ― Walter Benjamin
“History is written by the victors.” ― Walter Benjamin
"None of the reforms, increased training, diversity programs, community outreach and gimmicks such as body cameras have blunted America’s deadly police assault, especially against poor people of color. Police forces in the United States—which, according to The Washington Post, have fatally shot 782 people this year—are unaccountable, militarized monstrosities that spread fear and terror in poor communities. By comparison, police in England and Wales killed 62 people in the 27 years between the start of 1990 and the end of 2016. Police officers have become rogue predators in impoverished communities. Under U.S. forfeiture laws, police indiscriminately seize money, real estate, automobiles and other assets. In many cities, traffic, parking and other fines are little more than legalized extortion that funds local government and turns jails into debtor prisons. Because of a failed court system, millions of young men and women are railroaded into prison, many for nonviolent offenses. SWAT teams with military weapons burst into homes often under warrants for nonviolent offenses, sometimes shooting those inside. Trigger-happy cops pump multiple rounds into the backs of unarmed men and women and are rarely charged with murder. And for poor Americans, basic constitutional rights, including due process, were effectively abolished decades ago...The criminal justice system, at the same time, refuses to hold Wall Street banks, corporations and oligarchs accountable for crimes that have caused incalculable damage to the global economy and the ecosystem. None of the bankers who committed massive acts of fraud and were responsible for the financial collapse in 2008 have gone to prison even though their crimes resulted in widespread unemployment, millions of evictions and foreclosures, homelessness, bankruptcies and the looting of the U.S. Treasury to bail out financial speculators at taxpayer expense. We live in a two-tiered legal system, one in which poor people are harassed, arrested and jailed for absurd infractions, such as selling loose cigarettes—which led to Eric Garner being choked to death by a New York City policeman in 2014—while crimes of appalling magnitude that wiped out 40 percent of the world’s wealth are dealt with through tepid administrative controls, symbolic fines and civil enforcement...In a recent interview, [sociologist Alex S.] Vitale told me, “We’ve been waging a war on drugs for 40 years by putting people in prison for ever longer sentences. Yet drugs are cheaper, easier to get, and at a higher quality than they’ve ever been. Any high school student in America can get any kind of drugs they want. Yet we persist in this idea that the way to respond to the problem of drugs, and many other social problems, is through arrest, courts, punishments, prisons. This is what Trump is playing to. This idea that the only appropriate role for the state is one of coercion and threats—whether it’s in the foreign policy sphere or in the domestic sphere.” Police forces, as Vitale writes in his book, were not formed to ensure public safety or prevent crime. They were created by the property classes to maintain economic and political dominance and exert control over slaves, the poor, dissidents and labor unions that challenged the wealthy’s hold on power and ability to amass personal fortunes. Many of America’s policing techniques, including widespread surveillance, were pioneered and perfected in colonies of the U.S. and then brought back to police departments in the homeland. Blacks in the South had to be controlled, and labor unions and radical socialists in the industrial Northeast and Midwest had to be broken." -- Chris Hedges, truthdig.com
"Chris Hedges's profound and provocative examination of America in crisis is "an exceedingly...provocative book, certain to arouse controversy, but offering a point of view that needs to be heard", about how bitter hopelessness and malaise have resulted in a culture of sadism and hate. America, says Pulitzer Prize--winning reporter Chris Hedges, is convulsed by an array of pathologies that have arisen out of profound hopelessness, a bitter despair, and a civil society that has ceased to function. The opioid crisis; the retreat into gambling to cope with economic distress; the pornification of culture; the rise of magical thinking; the celebration of sadism, hate, and plagues of suicides are the physical manifestations of a society that is being ravaged by corporate pillage and a failed democracy. As our society unravels, we also face global upheaval caused by catastrophic climate change. All these ills presage a frightening reconfiguration of the nation and the planet. Donald Trump rode this disenchantment to power. In his "forceful and direct" America: The Farewell Tour, Hedges argues that neither political party, now captured by corporate power, addresses the systemic problem. Until our corporate coup d' tat is reversed these diseases will grow and ravage the country. "With a trademark blend of...sharply observed detail, Hedges writes a requiem for the American dream" and seeks to jolt us out of our complacency while there is still time." -- amazon.com
"Walker Percy in his 1971 dystopian novel Love in the Ruins paints a picture of a morally degenerate America consumed by hedonism, wallowing in ignorance, led by kleptocrats and fools, fragmented into warring and often violent cultural extremes and on the cusp of a nuclear war. It is a country cursed by its failure to address or atone for its original sins of genocide and slavery. The ethos of ceaseless capitalist expansion, white supremacy and American exceptionalism, perpetuated overseas in the country's imperial wars, eventually consumes the nation itself. The accomplices, who once benefited from this evil, become its victims. How, Percy asks, does one live a life of meaning in such a predatory society? Is it even possible? And can a culture ever regain its equilibrium when it sinks into such depravity?" -- Chris Hedges, America: The Farewell Tour, 2018, pg. 241
"On July 4, Dr. Thomas More, with a carbine on his knees, sits in a pine grove on the southwest cusp of the decaying interstate cloverleaf. A sniper has shot at him earlier in the day, and from this point he commands a view of all four directions. In one quadrant is the city, inhabited largely by conservative Christian businessmen; in another, the Paradise Estates, a suburb where he ordinarily lives in a house inherited from his deceased wife. In still another direction, there is the federal complex, which includes the hospital where the narrator works, a medical school, the NASA facility, the Behavioral Institute, the Geriatrics Center, and the Love Clinic. In the remaining quadrant, the huge Honey Island swamp shelters assorted social rebels and castoffs: white derelicts, young dropouts pursuing love, drugs, and the simple life, and ferocious black Bantus, who use the swamp as guerrilla base for launching raids against outlying suburbs and shopping centers. Immediately below Dr. More’s lookout post, an old, abandoned Howard Johnson’s motel, long deserted after a devastating raid in years past, is a temporary shelter for Dr. More’s two girlfriends, Moira and Lola, and his loyal nurse, Ellen, whom he also loves. The action of the novel covers, in retrospect, the preceding four days, during which this awkward personal and public crisis came to a head. The amiable Dr. More, though hardly responsible for the persistent failure of American society to eradicate racial inequality and bigotry, does nevertheless share some obscure guilt for the peculiarly volatile situation on this particular day." -- Walker Percy, Love in the Ruins, 1971
"Slavery is legal in prisons under the Thirteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, which reads: 'Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States'...The highest hourly wage in prison rarely exceeds $2 and most prisoners earn less than a dollar an hour. In Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, and Texas most prisoners are not paid for their work. Once you enter prison you become, in essence, a slave of the state...Prisoners work, often through subcontractors, for major corporations such as Chevron, Bank of America, IBM, Motorola, Microsoft, McDonald's, AT&T, Starbucks, Nintendo, Victoria's Secret, JC Penney, Sears, Walmart, Kmart, Eddie Bauer, Wendy's, Proctor & Gamble, Johnson & Johnson, Fruit of the Loom, Caterpillar, Sara Lee, Quaker Oats, Mary Kay, Texas Instruments, Dell, Honeywell, Hewlett-Packard, Nortel, Nordstrom's, Revlon, Macy's, Pierre Cardin, and Target." -- Chris Hedges, America: The Farewell Tour, 2018, pgs. 278-9
“What if a small group of world leaders were to conclude that the principal risk to the Earth comes from the actions of the rich countries?... In order to save the planet, the group decides: Isn't the only hope for the planet that the industrialized civilizations collapse? Isn't it our responsibility to bring that about?” -- Maurice Strong
“Either we reduce the world's population voluntarily or nature will do this for us, but brutally.” -- Maurice Strong
“The real goal of the Earth Charter is that it will in fact become like the Ten Commandments.” -- Maurice Strong
“This planet might be able to support perhaps as many as half a billion people who could live a sustainable life in relative comfort. Human populations must be greatly diminished, and as quickly as possible to limit further environmental damage.” -- Eric Pianka
“War and famine would not do. Instead, disease offered the most efficient and fastest way to kill the billions that must soon die if the population crisis is to be solved. AIDS is not an efficient killer because it is too slow. My favorite candidate for eliminating 90 percent of the world's population is airborne Ebola (Ebola Reston), because it is both highly lethal and it kills in days, instead of years. "We've got airborne diseases with 90 percent mortality in humans. Killing humans. Think about that. "You know, the bird flu's good, too. For everyone who survives, he will have to bury nine.” -- Eric Pianka
“The principle that sustains compulsory vaccination is broad enough to cover cutting the Fallopian tubes. Three generations of imbeciles is enough.” -- Oliver Wendell Holmes
“Malthus has been vindicated; reality is finally catching up with Malthus. The Third World is overpopulated, it’s an economic mess, and there’s no way they could get out of it with this fast-growing population. Our philosophy is: back to the village.” -- Arne Schiotz
“Humans on the Earth behave in some ways like a pathogenic micro-organism, or like the cells of a tumor or neoplasm.” -- James Lovelock
“Mankind is the most dangerous, destructive, selfish and unethical animal on the earth.” -- Michael J. Fox
“The prospect of cheap fusion energy is the worst thing that could happen to the planet.” -- Jeremy Rifkin
This morning there were no cashiers, only blinking scanner checkouts. Mine thanked me for shopping. Polite security guards presume everyone's a thief now, not just brown people. Poor Walmart bloated billionaires can't afford to pay living wages anymore so I'm forced to patronize local shops where I can still wish clerks a great day. It's time to ramp up the revolution & purge the have-it-alls. They're terrified we'll do it. That's why all the surveillance exists, not for terrorists who are really them, but for the rest of us, We the People.
Look around you at this prison culture of Zionist filth & poison they have built around us, their predatory capitalism, their military-industrial complex, their surveillance state, their drugs, drones, GMOs, artificial intelligence, inane award shows, violent films, pageants, pornography, 'reality television', & 'social media'. Brutes who torment Arabs for endless decades are, like Nazi scum they mimic, no better than subhuman swine. Be aware or remain oblivious. Next, elites may come for us.
"Dark Journalist - Eleventh Hour
Like a story in childhood
I can't remember all the words
Floating streams of strange impressions
Coming out of remote space
Taking scenes of mass confusion
Establishing a quicksand in its place
Someone said we've come full circle
Now I believe it's true
Deaf ears won't cure the tempest
Brewing around me and you
Listen close can you hear the breathing?
There's a rush around your fates
Something's getting less and less afraid
To show us all its ugly face
It's our Eleventh Hour
Hope is light shining in the darkness
Freedom can save you from yourself
Hope is light shining in the darkness
Freedom can save you from yourself
Distant roars and distant rumblings
Saying that it's us and them
Playing on the random violence
Raising racist flags again
It's our Eleventh Hour
We can't believe it's true
Can you feel the crush that's closing
All around me and you
Hope is light shining in the darkness
Freedom can save you from yourself
Hope is light shining in the darkness
Freedom can save you from yourself
A rush of anger, torment
Seized the moment from the sane
The chaos that arises
Plays a familiar game
Won't you take a look around you and tell me what you see
Inconsistent...Unrestrained
Corruption runs deep
It's our Eleventh Hour
We can't believe it's true
Can you feel the crush that's closing
All around me and you
These days whispers come and find us willing
They talk of our Eleventh Hour
They talk of our Eleventh Hour
They talk of our Eleventh Hour
While they build a trojan horse
While they build a trojan horse
While they build a trojan horse"
submitted by anti-ZOG-sci-fry to u/anti-ZOG-sci-fry [link] [comments]


2019.06.08 20:10 MetaVulture [OC] Of the Alamo and Related Documentation

Hello fellow human beings, this is my very first post on the reddit. I hope you enjoy, fellow human beings. I am not sure if I have completed formatting, as this is new to me, but I have done my best. It has been many solar cycles since I last wrote for any reason other than for the purpose of my very human job, as you fellow humans would likely relate to. So without further delay in the process of pre-communications, I present to you this strange thing I wrote.
 
 
Colony Ship Project: Briefing on the Alamo and Early Ships  
The United States Space Ship Alamo finished construction in 2169 and was launched on the bicentennial of the American moon landing on July 16th. Construction was completed by retrofitting the already existing chassis CSX-02 of the Colony Ship Project. The CSX-02 successfully tested the Keene’s Drive and was capable of beyond light-speed travel with a capacity of an estimated 10,000 human occupants, and 98,000 tonnage of storage. Once the failures of the unmanned CSX-01 had been evaluated, additional systems were added to CSX-02 and CSX-03 before mass construction of the CSP A Series.
 
The Alamo was commanded by Robert F. Hinelman (KIA) and his executive officer was Janet L. Smith (KIA). For a full list see the article on the Alamo Memorial Field.
 
Further Reading: Background Information on the Colony Ship Project
Begun in the spring of 2148 the Colony Ship Project was an effort to build the first mass-colony ships to expand the range of human colonization. Originally a joint project amongst the Mars International Colonies and the governments of the United States, The People’s Republic of China, the New Russian Federation, the European Union, India, and nominally the Commonwealth of Nations the project saw the construction of the International Space Shipyard. By 2155 the New Russian Federation left the project due to economic instability and the insurrection of the Russian Mars Colony. In 2160 the European Union also left the project for economic reasons. The PRC, and the Commonwealth, and India subsequently left the project as well, along with most of the Mars International Colonies. The United States continued the project alone with its colonies on Mars contributing as well.
 
In 2163 the first mockup of the CSX (Colony Ship Experimental) completed construction in orbit, having been delayed by more than a year due to the internal conflict and departure of staff. It was decided that the ships proper would be named after the Spanish Missions in the United States (see Spanish Missions in the Americas). CSX-00 left the shipyard and succeeded in basic propulsion tests and proof of concept for many of the systems. Lauded as a full success the CSX-01 began construction soon after, while CSX-00 was left docked and utilized as storage. During construction of CSX-01 innovations such as limited gravity generation, hibernation capsules, backup computer systems, and enhanced artificial intelligent monitoring systems were tested, along with navigation systems to be used on the Keene’s Drive.
 
The CSX-01 went through unmanned trials with an attempt to utilize the Keene’s Drive to reach Pluto in what was estimated to be a relatively simple trial. Upon the execution of t he Keene’s main power cells the ship overshot its destination by a lightyear, as later logs and satellite tracking would confirm. As the original calculations had been made in the Metric System they had conflicted with the values used by technician Valorie Katrian. Due to this mistake, CSX-01 was the first large ships to leave the solar system. In spite of the mistake, the ship was able to return in 2167 and undergo analysis that revealed more radiation shielding would be needed.
 
As a direct result of the mishap of CSX-01, faster than light communications was successfully tested and became known as the “supernet” although technically named the Faster Than Light Speed Network Protocol or FTLSNP. CSX-02 was completed by late 2167 and outfitted in preparations of a manned mission to Alpha Centauri. Testing of an unmanned flight to Uranus and Pluto proved the viability of the newer Deecorp Generation 3 fusion reactor, and the viability of the backup Deecorp Generation 12 fission reactor, using traditional uranium fuel. Intended as a backup only, it proved capable of generating enough stored power in the capacitor array to still navigate with the Keene’s Drive 2.
 
Alamo: Ship Systems and Layout
The Alamo, having been constructed originally as the CSX-02, is considered the true first of the “Alamo Class” colony ship, only capable of carrying 10,000 passengers and crew. While in its day it was considered a technological marvel, later designs have reached upward of 90,000 occupants, and the forthcoming Gabriel class is expected to have nearly double the capacity in 2201, and the capability of landing on the surface of a world, negating the need for dropships to be used.
 
The Alamo was powered by two fusion reactors, and had a compliment of six fission capable reactors, and a storage of several thousand solar panels to be used on surface and post-mission once the Alamo entered into its final phase of use. The fusion reactors were Deecorp Generation 3.1 with retrofitting done by General Atomics to upgrade them. The Deecorp Generation 12 fission reactor was also chosen for its continued reliable output. Further power systems include optoelectric nuclear batteries capable of being powered by nuclear waste from the Deecorp Generation 12 fission reactors from Rayovac, betavoltaic batteries to power the ship’s critical life support systems from Energonics, and radioisotope thermoelectric generators using Americium from Lockheed-Martin Space Systems Company included in every dropship.
 
The Alamo had storage for 98,000 tons and a full weight of 110,000 tons when fully loaded with passengers, crew, and cargo. The cargo on the ship allowed for one ton of storage per passenger, equating to 10,000 tons of storage for personal use, and the remaining for ship fuel, supplies, and colonization equipment. Each storage unit was a fully functional drop-unit, which would be ejected with a magnetic decoupler and accelerator. The storage container would then fall through the atmosphere of the planet and deploy a parachute, while unfurling navigational fins. A small RCS system was also included in each storage unit, allowing for pre-entry adjustments. Once on the ground and positioned, they would serve as the foundation of the colony’s main buildings and housing.
 
Once the storage containers deployed the passengers would then exit in groups of 100 in the personnel dropships. These contained a main parachute and rcs navigation system, retro boosters, and a backup parachute. Once landed they would be converted into housing and additional storage. After deployment of colony dropships and storage dropships the Alamo would remain in orbit as a skeletal station, and would deploy its final payload over the next few weeks - a series of satellites that would provide supernet and GPS to the entire colony and planet. The system of 512 satellites positioned in high orbit would also serve as an early warning system for incoming threats such as meteors and debris.
 
As it remained in orbit the Alamo would continue its role as main relay to Earth, and eventually would be decoupled along its central axis once the fusion reactor and fission reactor were recovered and brought to the surface for colony power needs.
 
Ghulatar War: Fate of the Alamo
The Alamo began its journey to Alpha Centauri on July 16th 2169 and did not reach its destination as planned. On October 3rd, 2169 the Alamo was brought out of FTL travel by a device known colloquially as the “Warp-Splitter” by the Ghulatar (known colloquially as the Ghouls) where the ship was then attacked with laser weapons. Several of the bulkheads were breached and containment foam worked as expected. The Ghulatar did not attempt any form of known communication at the time, and proceeded to board the vessel.
 
Executive Officer Smith along with Lt. Grady and Lt. Black held off the invading Ghulatar using requisitioned excavation exoskeleton assistive suits and their sidearms. The Ghulatar were beaten back by the valiant effort of Smith, Grady and black - but after having used all of their ammunition and several other breaches they were overwhelmed. Commander Hinelman held out on the bridge of the vessel while protocol Wakeup was initiated.
 
Among the passengers of the Alamo were 500 active or retired military personnel, and as per their signed agreements on the mission, and as such the equipment found in each person’s hibernation cell protocol Wakeup was initiated with threat level black. Within ten minutes soldiers from each sector of the ship were pouring out of their quarters and began to assemble squads to fight invading Ghulatar soldiers. In hand to hand combat most of the Ghulatar were easily held off, many were killed with direct physical force. It was noted that their bones were many times weaker than human, and their flesh was softer.
 
At 23:00 the Ghulatar began to retreat from the Alamo. Footage of the attack was watched live by 14.8 billion residents of Earth and Mars thanks to the reporters who were onboard for the mission. Additional drones dispatched to gain intelligence on the Ghulatar also recorded the make-up and systems of their ships. They also recorded the atomic bombing of the Alamo, and its total annihilation by the Ghulatar.
 
Ghulatar War: Aftermath of the Alamo’s Destruction
Footage of the Alamo’s destruction was broadcast across Earth for weeks. Nations of Earth gave an outpouring of support and grief to the lost, and in so doing a new pact was signed. The Earth Interplanetary Defense Force was christened with joint military leadership from all major nations. A universal declaration of war was passed in the new EIDF Alliance, and the economy of Mars and Earth shifted to wartime production. With First Contact having been hostile, all further contact with alien races was to come under the EIDF First Contact Protocols. All future contact would be on neutral ground and with military force if necessary. Studying the effects of the Ghulatar weaponry revealed new methods of weaponry, and with examinations taken by several drones before the Ghulatar finished their attack a method of generating a ‘shield’ was discovered.
 
The economy of Earth and Mars began to produce militarized versions of the CSP, and christened the first Solar Defense Ship the space carrier SDF Hinelman. Variants in design were swift, with nine additional carries built in less than a decade. They included the SDF Washington, Grant, Zhukov, Wellesley, Caesar, Khan, Patton, Suvorov, and the Nelsen. General Atomics created the most powerful line of fission-fusion-fission bomb to date, with a yield of 100mt. Further mining of nuclear materials and breeder reactors to create even more powerful weapons were investigated. Tactical 10kt warheads were produced by the hundreds of thousands, with every ship carrying at least one hundred smaller warheads, several medium class warheads, and a few of the 100mt warheads.
 
Additional research into the Keene’s Drive created the new deadly Keene’s Torpedo, which could hit other ships with the kinetic force of lightspeed by dropping out of FTL at the right moment, rendering most of the nuclear arsenal obsolete at a first line weapon. Additional FTL weaponry was invested in, along with greater nuclear weapons. The first successful neutron bomb was created and tested on Jupiter, as was the new fission-fusion-fission bomb. Further FTL research allowed for the FTL acceleration of asteroids to be used as planet killing weapons as well, as they could be accelerated to lightspeed and appear outside of a planet’s orbit without notice.
 
Advances in research of the so-called “Warp-Splitter” led to the creation of a version that was able to not only stop FTL, but force an object of mass depending on power usage to be pulled in, which was dubbed the “Tractor Beam” after science fiction from the 20th century. Additional stealth technologies rendered FTL invisible to all of the existing sensors within the EIDF arsenal, and apparently the Galaxy at large as well. By the time the Ghulatar made second contact, they were outmatched and outclassed by human technology. Several thousand were captured, interrogated, and their language was decoded.
 
With the location of their colonies known, and their homeworld, Operation Payback was initiated. The Ghoul War would last until 2175, with the subjugation of all Ghulatar colony worlds, and the surrender of the homeworld to be administered as a monitored state. Losses for the EIDF numbered the original 10,000 lost on the Alamo, followed by 988 in training accidents, and 32 in combat. Losses of the Ghulatar are estimated to be between 19 and 23 billion due to desperation tactics, mass suicide, and kamakazee attempts on EIDF forces. Pacification is still ongoing, with little progress having been made.
 
Information: Ghulatar Biology and Society
Height: 1.3m - 1.7m (4.2ft - 5.5ft) Weight: 30kg-45kg (66lbs to 100lbs) Coloration: Golden to tan to reddish hues. Some may dye or have tattoo or scarification. Upper Limbs: Two main limbs attaching roughly at shoulders Assistive Limbs: Two minor limbs toward center of mass Legs: Two legs that are digitigrade with six digits that end in hook-like appendages Head: Located between the “shoulders” attached to a telescopic neck-like muscle and loose cartilage.
 
While the head of the Ghulatar does contain eyes, many holes for auditory reception, a mouthpart, and other unknown sensory organs, it does not house the brain. The nervous system appears to be located within the chest-cavity, and the loss of the head does not appear to immediately kill a Ghulatar. It is suspected that they are capable of regenerating lost limbs, but it is unknown if the head can regenerate in enough time for one to survive. The masks they wore in early footage was a targeting and communication systems that directly integrated into their nervous systems. Their third eye was used to create this link and it appeared to be an ancient technological adaptation enhancing their non-verbal form of speech, although they also had vocalizations in the form of rapid stridulation of their mandibles.
 
Their elongated cranial features also enhanced their other senses, and many started calling them “Horsecrabs.” Their thin hollow bones were easy to break with physical force, and the gravity of the Earth was far too high for them to be a threat. The feather-like thermal hairs of various colors bleach quickly under Sol and thus they were kept indoors before transfer back to their dim red dwarf system.
 
Dissection and examination revealed a silica-carbon based biology with crystalline structures thought to be their form of genetic information. Light musculature was surrounded by tissues that stored hydrogen in small bubble like structures along with oxygen and trace amounts of helium. Their ability to breath in the camps on Earth involved supplementation of hydrogen gas along with oxygen. Survival of prisoners depended on keeping temperatures at nearly exactly 12c with a tolerance of 0.5, otherwise they would suffer hypo or hyperthermia which explained the reliance on their body-glove suits. The circulatory fluid was twofold with two hearts pumping two separate forms of blood, one using copper, the other using hydrogen sulfide.
 
It appears that their reproductive system is similar to that of crabs on earth, and gender appears to be binary without any dimorphism. Culturally they exhibit ritualistic scarification, status based on size, and an overwhelming sense of superiority. They are indoctrinated at birth to a warrior cult, except for those exhibiting certain differences in appendage layout. Those with four malleable finger-like structures on the inner limbs are warrior caste, however those born with more appear to enter leadership roles. Those born with less are indentured servants, or slaves, and appear to have those appendages removed.
 
Further analysis is pending as further dissection has been ended as of the conclusion of the Ghulatar War.
 
 
I do hope you enjoyed this entirely fiction account of our human actions from the future. Written by a human. Any suggestions to improve style would be welcome to this very human human. Yes. I am off to breathe in the human air, and enjoy the ultra violet radiation provided by our Sol-star.
submitted by MetaVulture to HFY [link] [comments]


2019.03.30 15:24 Radical-Reviewer Overwhelming List of Bread and Bread Adjacent Channels Pt. 2

Nano GoleSorkh iranian channel, does english videos on woman's issues
Never Speak in Absolutes) I make video essays that seek to improve the quality and the subject of discourse online. Some of my videos deal with problems that don't get enough attention like peak oil and its political and economic implications. Others address a polarizing popular topic in an even-handed manner without resorting to false objectivity. A few will criticize popular ideas or pundits I feel require it, but again I will strive to do this in a useful non-polemical way.
Nichtshwert Still figuring out the point of this channel. I wanna do sensible media analysis, but also leftist political stuff. Stay tuned and please leave lots of feedback if you have the time.
Non Compete Leftist, Anarchist, Communist, Feminist video essays.
Owen Macdonald Far left. Marxist. Socialist. Feminist. The Wire.
Pamphleteer Video Essays on leftist topics.
The Peace Report The Peace Report (TPR) was created to help educate the public about the problems surrounding militarism, wars, conflicts, & the effects of military spending. We’ll use our website and social media platforms to get our content out to people, but you can also sign up for our weekly newsletter to keep up with all of our content.
The People’s Bayonet Hi! I am just a concerned citizen trying to figure out the world! My series "The Problem" updates whenever I finish a video!
Peter Coffin The official channel of satirist and weirdo Peter Coffin. Home to Very Important Documentaries (infotainment) and Adversaries (commercial critique).
Philosophy Tube I'm Olly, giving away a philosophy degree for free every Friday! Subscribe to learn and boost your brain power!
PoliDice Video Essays debunking the alt-right and republicans
Polinkazh Естэм Супэр Гангстэр
Pop Culture Detective A series of critical video essays looking at media through a critical lens with an emphasis on the intersections of politics, masculinity and entertainment.. Hosted by Jonathan McIntosh.
Popular C/C Interested in media and the history of left movements. Reader of terrible op-eds from the past. History isn't just the stuff in the movies.
A Privileged Vegan pro-intersectional justice, always making sure that humans and other animals are a part of that conversation. I also like to find cool activists and interview them about their work/ views/projects.
The Proletariat Skeptic Greetings, comrades! I'm The Proletariat Skeptic! That's a bit of a mouthful though, isn't it? Just call me ProSkep for short.
ProSocial Future (leftist economic video essays)
ProSocialism Hello! I'm a Marxist that likes to make YouTube videos about the historical communist movement.
QualiaSoup (Video essays about atheism)
Queer Kid Stuff LGBTQ+ vids for kids! I'm your host Lindsay and with the help of my best stuffed friend, Teddy, we'll be teaching you what gays mean, what LGBT stands for, what's up with marriage equality and so much more!
Radian2Pi I make lefty vids, and I make games maybe.
Radical Reviewer Hello, I am the Radical Reviewer. I review and analyze Radical and Leftist literature and media.
Rasmp I am a horse. Neigh.
Rational Disconnect I make videos about politics, social justice, and science. They aren't very good, but they're getting there.
Rationality Rules Critiques right wing figures like Ben Shapiro or Stefan Molyneux, Welcome to Rationality Rules, where we debunk and refute predominantly religious and supernatural arguments. Thanks for taking the time to view my channel, and I hope you decide to subscribe for more :)
The Real News The Real News Network is a global online video news network that listens to and is dependent on its audience.
Rebecca Watson Rebecca leads a team of skeptical female activists at Skepchick.org. She travels around the world delivering entertaining talks on science, atheism, feminism, and skepticism. There is currently an asteroid orbiting the sun with her name on it.
Red Plateaus A new channel that specialises in Marxist and anarchist theory.
Red Star Videos We make dank memes and dope political analysis.
Red Vanguard Radio Red Vanguard Radio is a Marxist-Leninist channel dedicated to teaching theory.
Red Scare TV I am RedScareTV and this is my channel. Here I give a Marxist view on many topics.
Redacted Tonight The most radical political comedy show in America.
RedFish We started redfish to create a platform for the people who are at the heart of their own stories and to acknowledge that those stories are always part of a big picture which connects us all.
RedScare TV I am RedScareTV and this is my channel. Here I give a Marxist view on many topics.
Renegade Cut Renegade Cut is an educational web series about philosophies espoused by individual films. Common topics include politics and social issues.
Riech-Wing Watch Exposing the rise of the authoritarian right
Resonance Audio We are recording anarchist and related texts and distributing them in audio form.
ReyRoSho Challenging Society Through Commentary (political reviews of hop hop culture)
RichardDWolf A lifelong professor of economics, Richard D. Wolff is a well-known critic of contemporary capitalism and the leading proponent of an alternative economic system based on Worker Self-Directed Enterprises (WSDEs).
Right-Libertarianism Exposed Cut taxes for the billionaires and the huge corporations, and cut services for the working class; privatize and deregulate even more, so that the huge corporations become even more wealthy and powerful. This is the right-libertarian recipe.
Riley J. Dennis Just a queer girl making videos about intersectional feminism, politics, and whatever else she feels like. :)
[Ron the Rugged Midwesterner]https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCX7gQJZG4T8j6eFruOdF_Zw) Name's Ron. I'm 30, I live in Springfield (Illinois), and I'm an activist. By which I mean I'm a fat slob who goes out on marches sometimes.
Rowan Ellis Videos about pop culture from a feminist and queer perspective, and talk about activism, self care, and making the world a better place.
The RSA Want world-changing ideas, world leaders, RSA Animates, self-improvement, talks, debates, interviews, animations and loads more?! Well you've come to the right place!
Sarah Z Video Essays about Modern Media
Sarcasmitron Video Essays debunking the alt-right
SEV British libertarian socialist with a weird accent. Occasionally makes content.
Schnitz Returns
The School of Life We apply psychology, philosophy, and culture to everyday life, addressing the questions we're never taught enough about at regular school or college: How can relationships go well? What is meaningful work? How can love last? How can one find calm? What has gone wrong (and right) with capitalism?
ScotchOikos I am interested in politics and ideas. Truth, reason, and honesty must always Trump tribal partisan tendencies.
Secular Talk Liberal Radio Host. Social Democrat. Agnostic-Atheist. Secular Humanist. Loyal to the Facts. Principles over Politicians.
Severin K British left-wing anarchist with a weird accent. Occasionally makes content.
Sexplanations Dr. Lindsey Doe the host is also a doctor of human sexuality who runs a private practice in clinical sexology where she works directly with clients on their sexual health goals.
Shaun (video essays critiquing the alt-right)
SJW101, the political gamer I'm an advocate of social justice and a gamer and make no apologies for either. Open minded and willing to consider alternative viewpoints to my own, expect me to challenge you if you are sowing fear, ignorance or are misled.
Socialism Explained Complicated things explained in 5 minutes.
Socialism Or Barbarism! I'm comin 4 yer toothbrushes, m8
Socialist Education Promoting the Socialist ideal. The approach will be non-tendency, and any and all critique is welcomed and encouraged. However, a comments policy will soon be implemented.
Socialist Revolution just some trans-girl who does anarchist stuff
Some More News Hello, I am a news dude and, news-wise, here is some of it.
Space Babies This is a channel where Space Baby talk about Art, History and Politics.
Step Back History Step Back is a history channel that invites you to consider the past and how it connects to today. We make videos that take a historical topic and look at it from a new angle.
Stimulator sub.Media is a video production ensemble, which aims to promote anarchist and anti-capitalist ideas, and aid social struggles through the dissemination of radical films and videos.
StucciMovies Video Essays on Parasocial Relationships Hi! Shannon Strucci here. I'm a professional editor and a film enthusiast. This page hosts my introductory webseries SO YOU WANNA BE A FILM NERD along with some other video essays.
Suck My Opinion Im a Democratic Socialist Atheist trying to push the LEFT to victory.
Sunflower Socialist I’m a democratic socialist from Kansas, and I make videos on politics and current events. All perspectives are mine and mine alone.
T1J I try to start thoughtful conversations about social issues, politics, pop culture, and other things that are interesting to me. My goal is to promote critical thinking and honest debate without sacrificing nuance or civility. Be honest. Be assertive. Be kind. Be open-minded. New videos every Friday!
Theory Pleeb Just a lowly critical theory geek aiming to corrupt the youth with videos. These videos will supply you with some of the critical resources for understanding and deconstructing ideology and the systems of oppression it upholds.
Thom Avella Gender-neutral video essayist and musician, seeking to spread the good word of libertarian socialism far and wide. they/them.
Thought Slime I'm a smug anarchist poseur vomiting out video essays for you. I love you.
Threadpants I'm an anarchist and feminist. Also, I tend to be desperate in making videos for money.
Three Arrows Doing stuff about the bad history on the far-right and more.
TMM Leftist Video Essays
Tovarishch Endymion Marxist youtuber making Marxist material
Vaush Hey, comrades! This channel exists so I can channel my creative energy, artistic talent, and rhetorical skill into something productive and useful to others. In time, it will be a weapon against fascism. Until that point, I'll be learning how to make YouTube videos.
The Vegan Anarchist I'm Samantha and I've been Making Cringy Vegan Anarchist Videos since 2015! I don't pull punches; I fight for Total Liberation! I'm an unapologetic Veganarchist, Intersectional Vegan, Anarcho-Communist, Trans Non-binary Femme, Latinx with Aspergers. Pronouns are They/ Them and she/ her.
Visionary Oaks Videos on anarchist communism, participatory democracy, and negativing the fascist world around us.
Vox Vox helps you cut through the noise and understand what's driving events in the headlines and in our lives.
What is Anarchism? Channel dedicated to the explaination of anarchism, a libertarian socialist ideology. The channel wants to be very accesible so everyone, including former non-political people can understand.
Wisecrack Wisecrack is a collective of comedians, academics, filmmakers, and artists who are super curious about the world around us. Our channel explores big ideas in unusual (and hopefully super entertaining) ways. We dive into philosophy and critical thinking through the lens of movies, TV shows, video games, and books.
Wobbly Street videos on leftist tactics
Xexizy Marxist youtuber determined to bring about the social revolution through the internet, somehow.
You're So Brave (podcasts addressing lgbtq+ issues and other stuff)
Young Anarchy Hello, Leftists of all stripes. My name is Young Anarchy and I am a Radical Leftist and amateur Artist.
The Young Turks (liberal news show) We are a rare show that combines all of the news that people care about in one place. We are not afraid to talk about politics and entertainment and sports and pop culture. But that is not the revolution either.
Zeepsterd Hi, I'm Zeep! The content here might interest you as most of the topics on this channel are about history, politics, and multiple pieces of media.
Zero Books Zero Books publishes books of critical theory, cultural criticism, Marxist economics, experimental fiction, and books on aesthetics. This channel features short videos that use memes, gifs, and popular culture to illustrate and explain the ideas in our books.
submitted by Radical-Reviewer to BreadTube [link] [comments]


2018.09.30 17:42 TheIrishML Democracy, East Germany and the Berlin Wall

The GDR was more democratic, in the original and substantive sense of the word, than eastern Germany was before 1949 and than the former East Germany has become since the Berlin Wall was opened in 1989. It was also more democratic in this original sense than its neighbor, West Germany. While it played a role in the GDR’s eventual demise, the Berlin Wall was at the time a necessary defensive measure to protect a substantively democratic society from being undermined by a hostile neighbor bent on annexing it.

While East Germany (the German Democratic Republic, or GDR) wasn’t a ‘workers’ paradise’, it was in many respects a highly attractive model that was responsive to the basic needs of the mass of people and therefore was democratic in the substantive and original sense of the word. It offered generous pensions, guaranteed employment, equality of the sexes and substantial wage equality, free healthcare and education, and a growing array of other free and virtually free goods and services. It was poorer than its West German neighbor, the Federal Republic of Germany, or FRG, but it started at a lower level of economic development and was forced to bear the burden of indemnifying the Soviet Union for the massive losses Germany inflicted upon the USSR in World War II. These conditions were largely responsible for the less attractive aspects of life in the GDR: lower pay, longer hours, and fewer and poorer consumer goods compared to West Germany, and restrictions on travel to the West. When the Berlin Wall was open in 1989, a majority of the GDR’s citizens remained committed to the socialist basis of their society and wished to retain it. [1] It wasn’t the country’s central planning and public ownership they rebelled against. These things produced what was best about the country. And while Cold War propaganda located East Germany well outside the ‘free world,’ political repression and the Stasi, the East German state security service, weren’t at the root of East Germans’ rebellion either. Ultimately, what the citizens of the GDR rebelled against was their comparative poverty. But this had nothing to do with socialism. East Germans were poorer than West Germans even before the Western powers divided Germany in the late 1940s, and remain poorer today. A capitalist East Germany, forced to start at a lower level of economic development and to disgorge war reparation payments to the USSR, would not have become the social welfare consumer society West Germany became and East Germans aspired after, but would have been at least as worse off as the GDR was, and probably much worse off, and without the socialist attractions of economic security and greater equality. Moreover, without the need to compete against an ideological rival, it’s doubtful the West German ruling class would have been under as much pressure to make concessions on wages and benefits. West Germans, then, owed many of their social welfare gains to the fact their neighbour to the east was socialist and not capitalist.
The Western powers divide Germany
While the distortions of Cold War history would lead one to believe it was the Soviets who divided Germany, the Western powers were the true authors of Germany’s division. The Allies agreed at the February 1945 Yalta conference that while Germany would be partitioned into British, US and Soviet occupation zones, the defeated Germany would be administered jointly. [2] The hope of the Soviets, who had been invaded by Germany in both first and second world wars, was for a united, disarmed and neutral Germany. The Soviet’s goals were two-fold: First, Germany would be demilitarized, so that it could not launch a third war of aggression against the Soviet Union. Second, it would pay reparations for the massive damages it inflicted upon the USSR, calculated after the war to exceed $100 billion. [3]
The Western powers, however, had other plans. The United States wanted to revive Germany economically to ensure it would be available as a rich market capable of absorbing US exports and capital investment. The United States had remained on the sidelines through a good part of the war, largely avoiding the damage that ruined its rivals, while at the same time acting as armorer to the Allies. At the end of the war, Britain, France, Germany, Japan and the USSR lay in ruins, while the US ruling class was bursting at the seams with war industry profits. The prospects for the post-war US economy, however, and hence for the industrialists, bankers and investors who dominated the country’s political decision-making, were dim unless new life could be breathed into collapsed foreign markets, which would be needed to absorb US exports and capital. An economically revived Germany was therefore an important part of the plan to secure the United States’ economic future. The idea of a Germany forced to pour out massive reparation payments to the USSR was intolerable to US policy makers: it would militate against the transformation of Germany into a sphere of profit-making for US capital, and would underwrite the rebuilding of an ideological competitor.
The United States intended to make post-war life as difficult as possible for the Soviet Union. There were a number of reasons for this, not least to prevent the USSR from becoming a model for other countries. Already, socialism had eliminated the United States’ access to markets and spheres of investment in one-sixth of the earth’s territory. The US ruling class didn’t want the USSR to provide inspiration and material aid to other countries to follow the same path. The lead role of communists in the resistance movements in Europe, “the success of the Soviet Union in defeating Nazi Germany,” and “the success of the Soviet Union in industrializing and modernizing,” [4] had greatly raised the prestige of the USSR and enhanced the popularity of communism. Unless measures were taken to check the USSR’s growing popularity, socialism would continue to advance and the area open to US exports and investment would continue to contract. A Germany paying reparations to the Soviets was clearly at odds with the goals of reviving Germany and holding the Soviet Union in check. What’s more, while the Soviets wanted Germany to be permanently disarmed as a safeguard against German revanchism, the United States recognized that a militarized Germany under US domination could play a central role in undermining the USSR.
The division of Germany began in 1946, when the French decided to administer their zone separately. [5] Soon, the Western powers merged their three zones into a single economic unit and announced they would no longer pay reparations to the Soviet Union. The burden would have to be borne by the Soviet occupation zone alone, which was smaller and less industrialized, and therefore less able to offer compensation.
In 1949, the informal division of Germany was formalized with the proclamation by the Western powers of a separate West German state, the FRG. The new state would be based on a constitution written by Washington and imposed on West Germans, without their ratification. (The GDR’s constitution, by contrast, was ratified by East Germans.) In 1954, West Germany was integrated into a new anti-Soviet military alliance, NATO, which, in its objectives, aped the earlier anti-Comintern pact of the Axis powers. The goal of the anti-Comintern pact was to oppose the Soviet Union and world communism. NATO, with a militarized West Germany, would take over from where the Axis left off.
The GDR was founded in 1949, only after the Western powers created the FRG. The Soviets had no interest in transforming the Soviet occupation zone into a separate state and complained bitterly about the Western powers’ division of Germany. Moscow wanted Germany to remain unified, but demilitarized and neutral and committed to paying war reparations to help the USSR get back on its feet. As late as 1954, the Soviets offered to dissolve the GDR in favour of free elections under international supervision, leading to the creation of a unified, unaligned, Germany. This, however, clashed with the Western powers’ plan of evading Germany’s responsibility for paying war reparations and of integrating West Germany into the new anti-Soviet, anti-communist military alliance. The proposal was, accordingly, rejected. George Kennan, the architect of the US policy of ‘containing’ (read undermining) the Soviet Union, remarked: “The trend of our thinking means that we do not want to see Germany reunified at this time, and that there are no conditions on which we would really find such a solution satisfactory.” [6]
This placed the anti-fascist working class leadership of the GDR in a difficult position. The GDR comprised only one-third of German territory and had a population of 17 million. By comparison, the FRG comprised 63 million people and made up two-thirds of German territory. [7] Less industrialized than the West, the new GDR started out poorer than its new capitalist rival. Per capita income was about 27 percent lower than in the West. [8] Much of the militant section of the working class, which would have ardently supported a socialist state, had been liquidated by the Nazis. The burden of paying war reparations to the Soviets now had to be borne solely by the GDR. And West Germany ceaselessly harassed and sabotaged its neighbor, refusing to recognize it as a sovereign state, regarding it instead as its own territory temporarily under Soviet occupation. [9] Repeatedly, West Germany proclaimed that its official policy was the annexation of its neighbor to the east.
The GDR’s leaders faced still other challenges. Compared to the West, East Germany suffered greater losses in the war. [10] The US Army stripped the East of its scientists, technicians and technical know-how, kidnapping “thousands of managers, engineers, and all sorts of experts, as well as the best scientists – the brains of Germany’s East – from their factories, universities, and homes in Saxony and Thuringia in order to put them to work to the advantage of the Americans in the Western zone – or simply to have them waste away there.” [11]
As Pauwels explains,
“During the last weeks of the hostilities the Americans themselves had occupied a considerable part of the Soviet zone, namely Thuringia and much of Saxony. When they pulled out at the end of June, 1945, they brought back to the West more than 10,000 railway cars full of the newest and best equipment, patents, blueprints, and so on from the firm Carl Zeiss in Jena and the local plants of other top enterprises such as Siemens, Telefunken, BMW, Krupp, Junkers, and IG-Farben. This East German war booty included plunder from the Nazi V-2 factory in Nordhausen: not only the rockets, but also technical documents with an estimated value of 400 to 500 million dollars, as well as approximately 1,200 captured German experts in rocket technology, one of whom being the notorious Wernher von Braun.” [12]
The Allies agreed at Yalta that a post-war Germany would pay the Soviet Union $10 billion in compensation for the damages inflicted on the USSR during the war. This was a paltry sum compared to the more realistic estimate of $128 billion arrived at after the war. And yet the Soviets were short changed on even this meagre sum. The USSR received no more than $5.1 billion from the two German states, most of it from the GDR. The Soviets took $4.5 billion out of East Germany, carting away whole factories and railways, while the larger and richer FRG paid a miserable $600 million. The effect was the virtual deindustrialization of the East. [13] In the end, the GDR would compensate both the United States (which suffered virtually no damage in World War II) through the loss of its scientists, technicians, blue-prints, patents and so on, and the Soviet Union (which suffered immense losses and deserved to be compensated), through the loss of its factories and railways. Moreover, the United States offered substantial aid to West Germany to help it rebuild, while the poorer Soviet Union, which had been devastated by the German invasion, lacked the resources to invest in the GDR. [14] The West was rebuilt; the East stripped bare.
The GDR’s democratic achievements
Despite the many burdens it faced, the GDR managed to build a standard of living higher than that of the USSR “and that of millions of inhabitants of the American ghettoes, of countless poor white Americans, and of the population of most Third World countries that have been integrated willy-nilly with the international capitalist world system.” [15]
Over 90 percent of the GDR’s productive assets were owned by the country’s citizens collectively, while in West Germany productive assets remained privately owned, concentrated in a few hands. [16] Because the GDR’s economy was almost entirely publicly owned and the leadership was socialist, the economic surplus that people produced on the job went into a social fund to make the lives of everyone better rather than into the pockets of shareholders, bondholders, landowners and bankers. [17] Out of the social fund came subsidies for food, clothing, rent, public transportation, as well as cultural, social and recreational activities. Wages weren’t as high as in the West, but a growing number of essential goods and services were free or virtually free. Rents, for example, were very low. As a consequence, there were no evictions and there was no homelessness. Education was free through university, and university students received stipends to cover living expenses. Healthcare was also free. Childcare was highly subsidized.
Differences in income levels were narrow, with higher wages paid to those working in particularly strenuous or dangerous occupations. Full gender equality was mandated by law and men and women were paid equally for the same work, long before gender equality was taken up as an issue in the West. What’s more, everyone had a right to a job. There was no unemployment in the GDR.
Rather than supporting systems of oppression and exploitation, as the advanced capitalist countries did in Africa, Latin America and Asia, the GDR assisted the people of the global South in their struggles against colonialism. Doctors were dispatched to Vietnam, Mozambique and Angola, and students from many Third World countries were trained and educated in the GDR at the GDR’s expense.
Even the Wall Street Journal recognized the GDR’s achievements. In February, 1989, just months before the opening of the Berlin Wall, the US ruling class’s principal daily newspaper announced that the GDR “has no debt problem. The 17 million East Germans earn 30 percent more than their next richest partners, the Czechoslovaks, and not much less than the English. East Germans build 32-bit mini-computers and a socialist ‘Walkman’ and the only queue in East Berlin forms at the opera.” [18]
The downside was that compared to West Germany, wages were lower, hours of work were longer, and there were fewer consumer goods. Also, consumer goods tended to be inferior compared to those available in West Germany. And there were travel restrictions. Skilled workers were prevented from travelling to the West. But at the same time, vacations were subsidized, and East Germans could travel throughout the socialist bloc.
Greater efficiencies
West Germany’s comparative wealth offered many advantages in its ideological battle with socialism. For one, the wealth differential could be attributed deceptively to the merits of capitalism versus socialism. East Germany was poorer, it was said, not because it unfairly bore the brunt of indemnifying the Soviets for their war losses, and not because it started on a lower rung, but because public ownership and central planning were inherently inefficient. The truth of the matter, however, was that East German socialism was more efficient than West German capitalism, producing faster growth rates, and was more responsive to the basic needs of its population. “East Germany’s national income grew in real terms about two percent faster annually that the West German economy between 1961 and 1989.” [19]
The GDR was also less repressive politically. Following in the footsteps of Hitler, West Germany banned the Communist Party in the 1950s, and close tabs were kept by West Germany’s own secret police on anyone openly expressing Marxist-Leninist views. Marxist-Leninists were barred from working in the public service and frequently lost private sector jobs owing to their political views. In the GDR, by contrast, those who expressed views at odds with the dominant Marxist-Leninist ideology did not lose their jobs, and were not cut off from the state’s generous social supports, though they too were monitored by the GDR’s state police. The penalty for dissenting from the dominant political ideology in the West (loss of income) was more severe than in the East. [20]
The claim that the GDR’s socialism was less efficient than West Germany’s capitalism was predicated on the disparity in wealth between the two countries, but the roots of the disparity were external to the two countries’ respective systems of ownership, and the disparity existed prior to 1949 (at which point GDP per capita was about 43 percent higher in the West) and continued to exist after 1989 (when unemployment – once virtually eliminated — soared and remains today double what it is in the former West Germany.) Over the four decades of its existence, East German socialism attenuated the disparity, bringing the GDR closer to West Germany’s GDP per capita. Significantly, “real economic growth in all of Eastern Europe under communism was estimated to be higher than in Western Europe under capitalism (as well as higher than that in the USA) even in communism’s final decade (the 1980s).” After the opening of the Berlin Wall, with capitalism restored, “real economic output fell by over 30 percent in Eastern Europe as a whole in the 1990s.” [21]
But the GDR’s faster growth rates from 1961 to 1989 tell only part of the story. It’s possible for GDP to grow rapidly, with few of the benefits reaching the bulk of the population. The United States spends more on healthcare as a percentage of its GDP than all other countries, but US life expectancy and infant mortality results are worse than in many other countries which spend less (but have more efficient public health insurance or socialized systems.) This is due to the reality that healthcare is unequally distributed in the United States, with the wealthy in a position to buy the best healthcare in the world while tens of millions of low-income US citizens can afford no or only inadequate healthcare. By contrast, in most advanced capitalist countries everyone has access to basic (though typically not comprehensive) healthcare. In socialist Cuba, comprehensive healthcare is free to all. What’s important, then, is not only how much wealth (or healthcare) a society creates, but also how a society’s wealth (or healthcare) is distributed. Wealth was far more evenly distributed in socialist countries than it was in capitalist countries. The mean Gini coefficient – a measure of income equality which runs from 0 (perfect equality) to 1 (perfect inequality) – was 0.24 for socialist countries in 1970 compared to 0.48 for capitalist countries. [22]
Socialist countries also fared better at meeting their citizens’ basic needs. Compared to all capitalist countries, socialist countries had higher life expectancies, lower levels of infant mortality, and higher levels of literacy. However, the comparison of all socialist countries with all capitalist countries is unfair, because the group of capitalist countries comprises many more countries unable to effectively meet the basic needs of their populations owing to their low level of economic development. While capitalism is often associated with the world’s richest countries, the world’s poorest countries are also capitalist. Desperately poor Haiti, for example, is a capitalist country, while neighboring Cuba, richer and vastly more responsive to the needs of its citizens, is socialist. We would expect socialist countries to have done a better job at meeting the basic needs of their citizens, because they were richer, on average, than all capitalist countries together. But the conclusion still stands if socialist countries are compared with capitalist countries at the same level of economic development; that is, socialist countries did a better job of meeting their citizens’ basic needs compared to capitalist countries in the same income range. Even when comparing socialist countries to the richest capitalist countries, the socialist countries fared well, meeting their citizens’ basic needs as well as advanced capitalist countries met the needs of their citizens, despite the socialist countries’ lower level of economic development and fewer resources. [23] In terms of meeting basic needs, then, socialism was more efficient: it did more with less.
Why were socialist countries, like the GDR, more efficient? First, socialist societies were committed to improving the living standards of the mass of people as their first aim (whereas capitalist countries are organized around profit-maximization as their principle goal – a goal linked to a minority that owns capital and land and derives its income from profits, rent and interest, that is, the exploitation of other people’s labor, rather than wages.) Secondly, the economic surplus the citizens of socialist countries produced was channelled into making life better for everyone (whereas in capitalist countries the economic surplus goes straight to shareholders, bondholders, landowners and bankers.) This made socialism more democratic than capitalism in three ways:
• It was more equal. (Capitalism, by contrast, produces inequality.)
• It worked toward improving as much as possible the lot of the classes which have no other means of existence but the labor of their hands or brains and which comprise the vast majority of people. (Capitalist societies, on the other hand, defend and promote the interests of the minority that owns capital.)
• It guaranteed economic and social rights. (By comparison, capitalist societies emphasize political and civil liberties, i.e., protections against the majority using its greater numbers to encroach upon the privileges of the minority that owns and controls the economy.)
As will be discussed below, even when it came to political (as distinct from social and economic) democracy, the differences between East and West Germany were more illusory than real.
Stanching the outward migration of skilled workers
Despite the many advantages the GDR offered, it remained less affluent throughout its four decades compared to its capitalist neighbor to the west. For many “the lure of higher salaries and business opportunities in the West remained strong.” [24] As a result, in its first decade, East Germany’s population shrunk by 10 percent. [25] And while higher wages proved to be an irresistible temptation to East Germans who stressed personal aggrandizement over egalitarian values and social security, the FRG – keen to weaken the GDR – did much to sweeten the pot, offering economic inducements to skilled East Germans to move west. Working-age, but not retired, East Germans were offered interest-free loans, access to scarce apartments, immediate citizenship and compensation for property left behind, to relocate to the West. [26]
By 1961, the East German government decided that defensive measures needed to be taken, otherwise its population would be depleted of people with important skills vital to building a prosperous society. East German citizens would be barred from entering West Germany without special permission, while West Germans would be prevented from freely entering the GDR. The latter restriction was needed to break up black market currency trading, and to inhibit espionage and sabotage carried out by West German agents. [27] Walls, fences, minefields and other barriers were deployed along the length of the East’s border with the West. Many of the obstacles had existed for years, but until 1961, Berlin – partitioned between the West and East – remained free of physical barriers. The Berlin Wall – the GDR leadership’s solution to the problems of population depletion and Western sabotage and espionage — went up on August 13, 1961. [28]
From 1961 to 1989, 756 East German escapees, an average of 30 per year, were either shot, drown, blown apart by mines or committed suicide after being captured. By comparison, hundreds of Mexicans die every year trying to escape poor Mexico into the far wealthier United States. [29] Approximately 50,000 East Germans were captured trying to cross the border into West Germany from 1961 to 1989. Those who were caught served prison sentences of one year. [30]
Over time, the GDR gradually relaxed its border controls, allowing working-age East Germans to visit the West if there was little risk of their not returning. While in the 1960s, only retirees over the age of 65 were permitted to travel to the West, by the 1980s, East Germans 50 years of age or older were allowed to cross the border. Those with relatives in the FRG were also allowed to visit. By 1987, close to 1.3 million working-age East Germans were permitted to travel to West Germany. Virtually all of them – over 99 percent – returned. [31]
However, not all East Germans were granted the right to cross the border. In 1987, 300,000 requests were turned down. East Germans only received permission after being cleared by the GDR’s state security service, the Stasi. One of the effects of loosening the border restrictions was to swell the Stasi’s ranks, in order to handle the increase in applications for visits to the West. [32]
Pauwels reminds us that,
“A hypothetical capitalist East Germany would likewise have also had to build a wall in order to prevent its population from seeking salvation in another, more prosperous Germany. Incidentally, people have fled and continue to flee, to richer countries also from poor capitalist countries. However, the numerous black refugees from extremely poor Haiti, for example, have never enjoyed the same kind of sympathy in the United States and elsewhere in the world that was bestowed so generously on refugees from the GDR during the Cold War…And should the Mexican government decide to build a ‘Berlin Wall’ along the Rio Grande in order to prevent their people from escaping to El Norte, Washington would certainly not condemn such an initiative the way it used to condemn the infamous East Berlin construction project.” [33]
GDR sets standards for working class in FRG…and abroad
Despite its comparative poverty, the GDR furnished its citizens with generous pensions, free healthcare and education, inexpensive vacations, virtually free childcare and public transportation, and paid maternity leave, as fundamental rights. Even so, East Germany’s standard of living continued to lag behind that of the upper sections of the working class in the West. The comparative paucity and lower quality of consumer goods, and lower wages, were the product of a multitude of factors that conspired against the East German economy: its lower starting point; the need to invest in heavy industry at the expense of light industry; blockade and sanctions imposed by the West; the furnishing of aid to national liberation movements in the global South (which benefited the South more than it did the GDR. By comparison, aid flows from Western countries were designed to profit Western corporations, banks and investors.) What East Germany lacked in consumer goods and wages, it made up for in economic security. The regular economic crises of capitalist economies, with their rampant underemployment and joblessness, escalating poverty and growing homelessness, were absent in the GDR.
The greater security of life for East Germans presented a challenge to the advanced capitalist countries. Intent on demonstrating that capitalism was superior to socialism, governments and businesses in the West were forced to meet the standards set by the socialist countries to secure the hearts and minds of their own working class. Generous social insurance, provisions against lay-offs and representation on industrial councils were conceded to West German workers. [34] But these were revocable concessions, not the inevitable rewards of capitalism.
East Germany’s robust social wage acted in much the same way strong unions do in forcing non-unionized plants to provide wages and benefits to match union standards. [35] In the 1970s, Canada’s unionized Stelco steel mill at Hamilton, Ontario set the standard for the neighboring non-unionized Dofasco plant. What the Stelco workers won through collective bargaining, the non-unionized Dofasco workers received as a sop to keep the union out. But once the union goes, the motivation to pay union wages and provide union benefits disappears. Likewise, with the demise of East Germany and the socialist bloc, the need to provide a robust social safety net in the advanced capitalist countries to secure the loyalty of the working class no longer existed. Hence, the GDR not only furnished its own citizens with economic security, but indirectly forced the advanced capitalist countries to make concessions to their own workers. The demise of the GDR therefore not only hurt Ossis (East Germans), depriving them of economic security, but also hurt the working populations of the advanced capitalist countries, whose social programs were the spill-over product of capitalism’s ideological battle with socialism. It is no accident that the claw back of reforms and concessions granted by capitalist ruling classes during the Cold War has accelerated since the opening of the Berlin Wall.
The collapse of the GDR and the socialist bloc has proved injurious to the interests of Western working populations in another way, as well. From the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 to the opening of the Berlin Wall in 1989, the territory available to capitalist exploitation steadily diminished. This limited the degree of wage competition within the capitalist global labor force to a degree that wouldn’t have been true had the forces of socialism and national liberation not steadily advanced through the twentieth century. The counter-revolution in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, and China’s opening to foreign investment, ushered in a rapid expansion worldwide in the number of people vying for jobs. North American and Western European workers didn’t compete for jobs with workers in Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Russia in 1970. They do today. The outcome of the rapid expansion of the pool of wage-labor worldwide for workers in the advanced capitalist countries has been a reduction in real wages and explosive growth in the number of permanent lay-offs as competition for jobs escalates. The demise of socialism in Eastern Europe (and China’s taking the capitalist road) has had very real – and unfavourable – consequences for working people in the West.
Going backward
Since the opening of the Berlin Wall and the annexation of the GDR by the FRG in 1990, the former East Germany has been transformed from a rapidly industrializing country where everyone was guaranteed a job and access to a growing array of free and nearly free goods and services, to a de-industrialized backwater teeming with the unemployed where the population is being hollowed out by migration to the wealthier West. “The easterners,” a New York Times article remarked in 2005, “are notoriously unhappy.” Why? “Because life is less secure than it used to be under Communism.” [36]
During the Cold War East Germans who risked their lives to breach the Berlin War were depicted as refugees from political repression. But their escape into the wealthier West had little to do with flight from political repression and much to do with being attracted to a higher standard of living. Today Ossis stream out of the East, just as they did before the Berlin Wall sprang up in 1961. More than one million people have migrated from the former East Germany to the West since 1989. But these days, economic migrants aren’t swapping modestly-paid jobs, longer hours and fewer and poorer consumer goods in the East for higher paying jobs, shorter hours and more and better consumer goods in the West. They’re leaving because they can’t find work. The real unemployment rate, taking into account workers forced into early retirement or into the holding pattern of job re-training schemes, reaches as high as 50 percent in some parts of the former East Germany. [37] And the official unemployment rate is twice as high in the East as it is in the West. Erich Quaschnuk, a retired railroad worker, acknowledges that “the joy back then when the Berlin Wall fell was real,” but quickly adds, “the promise of blooming landscapes never appeared.” [38]
Twenty years after the opening of the Berlin Wall, one-half of people living in the former East Germany say there was more good than bad about the GDR, and that life was happier and better. Some Ossis go so far as to say they “were driven out of paradise when the Wall came down” while others thank God they were able to live in the GDR. Still others describe the unified Germany as a “slave state” and a “dictatorship of capital,” and reject Germany for “being too capitalist or dictatorial, and certainly not democratic.” [39]
Much as the GDR was faulted for being less democratic politically than the FRG, the FRG’s claim to being more democratic politically is shaky at best.
“East Germany…permitted voters to cast secret ballots and always had more than one candidate for each government position. Although election results typically resulted in over 99 percent of all votes being for candidates of parties that did not favour revolutionary changes in the East German system (just as West German election results generally resulted in over 99 percent of the people voting for non-revolutionary West German capitalist parties), it was always possible to change the East German system from within the established political parties (including the communist party), as those parties were open to all and encouraged participation in the political process. The ability to change the East German system from within is best illustrated by the East German leader who opened up the Berlin Wall and initiated many political reforms in less than two months in power.” [40]
West Germany outlawed many anti-capitalist political parties and organizations, including, in the 1950s, the popular Communist Party, as Hitler did in the 1930s. (On the other side of the Berlin Wall, no party that aimed to reverse socialism or withdraw from the Warsaw Pact was allowed.) The West German parties tended to be pro-capitalist, and those that weren’t didn’t have access to the resources the wealthy patrons of the mainstream political parties could provide to run the high-profile marketing campaigns that were needed to command significant support in elections. What’s more, West Germans were dissuaded from voting for anti-establishment parties, for fear the victory of a party with a socialist platform would be met by capital strike or flight, and therefore the loss of their jobs. The overwhelming support for pro-capitalist parties, then, rested on two foundations: The pro-capitalist parties uniquely commanded the resources to build messages with mass appeal and which could be broadcast with sufficient volume to reach a mass audience, and the threat of capital strike and capital flight disciplined working class voters to support pro-business parties.
Conclusion
No one would have built a Berlin Wall if they didn’t have to. But in 1961, with the GDR being drained of its working population by a West Germany that had skipped out on its obligations to indemnify the Soviet Union for the losses the Nazis had inflicted upon it in World War II, there were few options, apart from surrender. The Berlin Wall was, without question, regrettable, but it was at the same time a necessary defensive measure. If the anti-fascist, working class leadership of the GDR was to have any hope of building a mass society that was responsive to the basic needs of the working class and which channelled its economic surplus into improving the living conditions and economic security of all, drastic measures would have to be taken; otherwise, the experiment in German democracy — that of building a state that operated on behalf of the mass of people, rather than a minority of shareholders, bondholders, landowners and bankers — would have to be abandoned. And yet, by the history of drastic measures, this was hardly drastic. Wars weren’t waged, populations weren’t expelled, mass executions weren’t carried out. Instead, people of working-age were prevented from resettling in the West.
The abridgment of mobility rights was hardly unique to revolutionary situations. While the needs of Cold War propaganda pressed Washington to howl indignantly over the GDR’s measures to stanch the flow of its working-age population to the West, the restriction of mobility rights had not been unknown in the United States’ own revolution, where the ‘freedoms’ of dissidents and people of uncertain loyalty had been freely revoked. “During the American Revolution…those who wished to cross into British territory had to obtain a pass from the various State governments or military commanders. Generally, a pass was granted only to individuals of known and acceptable ‘character and views’ and after their promise neither to inform or otherwise to act to the prejudice of the United States. Passes, even for those whose loyalty was guaranteed, were generally difficult to acquire.” [41]
Was the GDR worth defending? Is its demise to be regretted? Unquestionably. The GDR was a mass society that channelled the surplus of the labor of all into the betterment of the conditions of all, rather than into the pockets of the few. It offered its citizens an expanding array of free and virtually free goods and services, was more equal than capitalist countries, and met its citizens’ basic needs better than did capitalist countries at the same level of economic development. Indeed, it met basic needs as well as richer countries did, with fewer resources, in the same way Cuba today meets the basic healthcare needs of all its citizens better than the vastly wealthier United States meets (or rather fails to meet) those of tens of millions of its own citizens. And while the GDR was poorer than West Germany and many other advanced capitalist countries, its comparative poverty was not the consequence of the country’s public ownership and central planning, but of a lower starting point and the burden of having to help the Soviet Union rebuild after the massive devastation Germany inflicted upon it in World War II. Far from being inefficient, public ownership and central planning turned the eastern part of Germany into a rapidly industrializing country which grew faster economically than its West German neighbor and shared the benefits of its growth more evenly. In the East, the economy existed to serve the people. In the West, the people existed to serve the minority that owned and controlled the economy. Limiting mobility rights, just as they have been limited in other revolutions, was a small price to pay to build, not what anyone would be so naïve as to call a workers’ paradise, but what can be called a mass, or truly democratic, society, one which was responsiveness to the basic needs of the mass of people as its principal aim.
submitted by TheIrishML to u/TheIrishML [link] [comments]


2018.06.04 11:27 ocps Omnisium: The Omnisian Revolution

1. OMNISM
When the words “omnist” and “omnism” were coined (allegedly around 1839 by English poet Philip J. Bailey) and first included in several dictionaries the words merely referred to (someone) finding/there being some truth in all religions.
Although today that initial position is certainly still included in what omnism stands for the term now has a far broader reach and encompasses much more than just a particular view on religion.
Still, considering that most of today’s available spell check software and applications don’t recognize the words omnis, omnist(s), omnism, omnistic, omniology, omnisian etc. shows that this ideology, philosophy and way of life still have a long way to go, and therefore at the same time still have a huge potential in that the specific terminology hasn’t been extensively popularized, monetized, misinterpreted or hijacked. This is very important since we are going to deploy it for a very special occasion in humanity’s history. On our path to (an) Omnisium.
So what does omnism also stand for in today’s society?
From my perspective omnism is already a way of life, one wherein self-study in omniology and “the force” take central positions.
Self-Study in Omniology
The way I understand and interpret omnism, the ideology/philosophy requires one to take on an omni-active, inquiring and open mind.
By studying omnis, or everything, one is bound to keep asking the questions that eventually develop the mind into a conscious “force receptor” that can be used to voluntarily tap into the force. This not necessarily through mediation only. There are various ways of tapping into the force, such as the deploying of one’s talent (e.g. through the science of deduction), the use of certain substances (smoking of marijuana for instance) and even through praying (Try not to see access to the force as a reward for your prayer. Rather, through the act of praying you may enable yourself to tap into the force).
How does one study everything?
Well, simply by asking yourself and others questions, regardless of topic, purpose or reasoning. Here it is of lesser importance that one ever finds all the answers to all asked questions. It are the very acts of questioning and formulating questions that contribute the most to the process of developing one’s mind. Not just in the physical reality but also in one’s mental and spiritual existence.
Although omnism is a concept also of peace it is by no means just a passive or pacifist haven. It is the foundation of the next global revolution that may bring about the reformation of spirituality, religions and political, economic, scientific, social and medical doctrines.
Not because the omnist revolution will be a dictatorial experience but because the omnist mentality and thinking will spark the minds of those who have been boxed in for too long, in the constructs that they and their families have inherited through the centuries without ever questioning them to any significant extent.
2. THE FORCE
“God”… Likely the most monetized, distorted, raped, abused and misinterpreted word in the existence of our spoken world.
What does it really mean? What do people and their scriptures refer to when they use this word?
By any standards, once people use it as a term to personify a concept or a paradigm that concept or paradigm ceases to exist as anything else. It can’t be, mean or represent anything else than the personification itself.
In practice, referring to the concept “god” with words such as “lord”, “him”, “he” or “father” effectively results in the very concept being boxed in. It no longer means what most people actually try to indicate with it. It are terms such as these that reduce the alleged “omnipresent” to a mere personification. A caricature, if you will, to a certain extent.
In effect, the more one tries to define “god”, the less its meaning becomes accurate and the more people give up trying to wrap their heads around it. Hence the steady decline in the number of religious people around the world.
Enter “the force”.
The force as a term to refer to omnis, all, is by any standards not just a neutral approach, in that it does not demote anything, it is likely also the most accurate term as well when trying (trying) to put a correct name tag on something as massive as “everything”.
Still, the force can be interpreted very freely without necessarily having to compromise anything fundamental. It can mean whatever one wants it to mean or represent.
For some it may be a conscious presence, for others it is merely everything in the universe, collectively.
Personally I’m not a religious person, I never have been, nor do I see manifestations of there being a conscious entity (the way humans perceive consciousness) that dictates or controls everything.
This does not mean that I am free of pursuing an active and balanced spiritual existence. Nor does it mean that I don’t believe a concept as “the force” can hold truth, to the extent that it can exist.
There have been at least two instances in my life where, in retrospect, there might have been active a certain “force” of a, perhaps, deterministic nature.
The first instance concerns a childhood experience, I was around 10 years old, where, during playing on a swing set, I fell on my head. This resulted in not being able to breathe for a brief moment. I remember I got really scared because of it and panicked. As I was on the ground, trying to breathe I waved at my parents trying to alert them to my situation.
The scariest part of it all was that I also couldn’t scream out loud to call for help, I couldn’t make any sound at all and I felt something pulling at me, as if something was sucking me upwards towards the sky.
As a result, of not being able to shout, my parents thought I was just waving at them, seemingly indicating how much fun I had there hanging out around the swing set. Little did they know I was in fact suffocating.
I remember thinking that very moment, very intensely, “I don’t want to die yet, not like this!” And then, all of a sudden, something weird happened. It felt like I was being lifted out of vacuum. I could breathe again. By that time my mother was already approaching me after understanding that something odd was going on there near that swing set. She carried me inside of the camping trailer and calmed me down. All was well.
The second instance concerns an experience I had after using (too much) cocaine, I used to be a sniffer for quite a few years.
At one point, after getting my daily fix up my nose, and passing away on my sofa – I can’t remember for how long I was out – all of a sudden, while having a very intense dream or a similar experience I got shot in the left side chest by someone holding a silver-colored revolver. It was one shot, straight in the chest.
While this by itself wasn’t or isn’t strange in any way, people have all kinds of weird dreams all of the time, the sensation of pain that I felt was strange to say the least. I actually felt the pain of getting shot in the chest, even though I have never been shot at
all. So, my mind and body couldn’t possibly “remember” what it feels like to having been shot.
Immediately following this experience and sensation, a small white light or ‘hole’ appeared in front of me, surrounded by complete darkness. This thumb-sized light or dot flashed into a super bright white light that eclipsed everything else, within milliseconds, at least that’s what it felt and looked like. Instantly I woke up, as if being ejected out of this eclipsing bright light, still strongly sensing the entire episode for about a minute longer. While awake I actually still felt the pain of getting shot in the chest. I was wide awake by now but still I felt as if the gunshot wound was actually there.
Shortly after I gave up cocaine entirely. I stopped gambling and found a path that would gradually lead me off the “sheeple’s matrix”. Going way beyond grassroots activism and “alternative” news media.
So, do I believe that “the force” truly exists?
Well, let me put it this way. I believe in the truth and that we can tap into it. The truth here refers to: The existence of the universe, your and my world. I believe it exists and I believe everyone of us, including the other living organisms aside from us humans, interpret this truth differently.
Many of these interpretations have overlapping segments but in essence they are unique since each of us has his/her own set of brains and nerve system. Thus, it would make perfect sense that each one of us experiences the truth uniquely. After all, we are not mass-produced objects that a centralized manufacturing entity puts out.
As a result we experience the force differently. This can be seen in the variety of cultures that humans have brought about, the different religions that have existed and are currently around and in the countless unexplained phenomena that baffle people’s minds in different ways. Also the unexplained is experienced differently, which brings me back to the terms “god” and “the force”.
They are experienced individually and uniquely and that is perfectly fine. For this reason it is, in the way I observe and seek to experience life on this planet, for instance, perfectly okay to have a lesbian pope at the head of the catholic church. Likewise it is, for me, perfectly fine to willingly eat pork on a weekly basis while at the same time identifying as muslim or jewish (pork today is perfectly healthy food. Just like with all other meat, fish and poultry one has to follow certain health regulations). For the same reason it should be perfectly acceptable to others to have most of your friends outside of the Jehovah’s Witnesses community, as opposed to today’s reality where Jehovah’s Witnesses are encouraged to keep their friends only within the walls of the kingdom hall [for the (outside) world is poisonous, so it is claimed].
3. THE REBELLION
The rebellion, that I too intensely help to bring about, that Omnisium requires is one that we have likely never seen on the face of this planet. Nothing alike was ever created by mankind. For as far as recorded history concerns, is true and verifiable.
The reason why this rebellion needs to be of such nature is because we have pretty much exhausted all other alternatives. Looking at the world around us, we can’t proudly say that we, mankind, have succeeded in creating Omnisium to any, even modest, extent.
The foundation of this Omnisian rebellion is going to have to include a greater understanding of the reality, the truth. Not just in the physical sense – knowledge, materialism, news media, warfare etc – but also and especially in the mental and the spiritual sense.
Omnisium 21
An Omnisium in the 21st century should be the goal. This is feasible, even though we collectively seem to be behind schedule.
An Omnisium can be achieved by also:
Going beyond being aware through so-called alternative media
Implementing omnist governance
Redefining what it means to “believe in god” and to be a spiritual person
Reforming religion and religious institutions
Approaching the various obstacles and problems that society and individuals encounter from a (w)holistic perspective
Going Beyond Being Aware Through So-Called Alternative Media
The news/infotainment spectrum as it once existed is not around any more. The once distinct lines that separated the “mainstream” from the “alternative” news/infotainment media have faded away. Effectively, we now have a monostream news and infotainment environment wherein various shades of “opinion” are cultivated, monetized and imposed.
On the opposite side of the balance there exists a hardcore information and awareness collective that exists truly decentralized but that doesn’t operate in a streamlined fashion. Efficiency here is rather a curiosity, unfortunately. Hence, the steady expansion of the monostream.
Going beyond this requires breaking down this spectrum, the players, the driving and controlling forces. Knowing who is being steered by who, and how.
It also requires the empowerment of the hardcore awareness collective, since they hold the key to properly informing the masses, well, at least those people who are truly willing to stand and live for something.
Going beyond the controlled thoughts means shedding the old paradigm of there only being a “red pill” and a “blue pill”. Clearly that principle is not accurate any longer. A far more advanced real-life “matrix” exists today. This has been implemented gradually as most folks, also in the grassroots movements, were being distracted by the very news and infotainment stream that they have been putting their trust in. Whether “mainstream” or “alternative”.
Concretely this means that the Omnisian rebellion is going to have to establish education and training programs and facilities that address and take care of also this very issue.
Implementing Omnist Governance
Omnist goverance extends the principle of there being truth and essence in everything. This means that eventually a society, to become an Omnisium, will have to move beyond the obsolete concept of “follow the leader”. We, humanity, have tried this concept time and again and clearly we have not figured out a way yet that enables us to deploy this concept in a truly sustainable way.
This also means these two things, though.
People should for sure continue to try to find inspiration and guidance in others. People, after all, spark each other’s minds and that is a cornerstone of omnism.
People should govern their own lives. Centralized mass-governance hasn’t worked in the past and there is little to no reason to assume that it will ever work in the future. Power corrupts, it is as simple as that. It is in mankind’s human nature, so we’ve got to drop this power frenzy as the bad habit that it is.
What do an omnist society and omnist governments look like?
Omnist governments are first of all local. They can’t really function on a mass-scale since that is not what they are devised for. It goes against their nature. Fish don’t migrate thousands of kilometers away while flying 30,000 feet in the air.
Omnist governments can’t impose their will unilaterally like all governments today do. It goes against their nature. There’s not one golden rule for all. Everyone is different. The reason why people have a big problem with understanding this is because 1) we haven’t tried to live in such a world yet and 2) the powers that want to be seek to preserve the status quo (which largely brings us back to the emerged monostream that I discussed earlier).
However, Omnisium is not just another word for utopia, thus, omnist governments can surely organize security forces, among other (social) measures and directives/guidelines. A principle that may prove the most useful for this is likely the agora-principle. Not the centralized parliament and congress models wherein politicians lose all sense of reality among and touch with the public. Digitized applications, although discouraged, may also prove to be of limited value in supporting such agora-based governance but these are
especially susceptible to hijacking (likely even more than the real-life agora), regardless of how advanced the protocols may be or get.
To fully understand and be able to appreciate what it would be like to live in a localized society using omnist governance one would have to live it. Experience it first-hand. One, for example, can only truly experience one’s own dreams and emotions. That’s how unique and different this concept of omnist governance truly is. Unless you have experienced it yourself most of the people would likely never want it at face value, since it requires from them to adapt too much to a, for them, new reality.
But that is exactly what is needed if we, collectively, are really serious about, lets say, eradicating poverty and hunger. We really have tried all the rest, nothing works. No one can refute that.
On a macro scale, omnist governments would have to work as independent components that in their most extreme form can contribute to common goals. Although there can and should exist systems to communicate between the local omnist governments, supralocal entities would eventually suppress the efficiency of the local omnist governments. Having supralocal entities would also mean that we’d move back to centralization and consolidation of power and that is exactly one of the bad habits that an omnist society, an Omnisium, wants to get rid of. Besides, centralization and consolidation of power is the exact opposite of spiritual freedom and individual self-determination. Two basic principles of omnist societies.
Redefining What it Means to “Believe in God” and to Be a Spiritual Person
Some of the most difficult obstacles to overcome will be conservatism and fundamentalism, letting people truly experience their own “god”. Not from the position of today’s omnists but from the position of organized religion and centralized governance. The latter two have a lot to lose by setting free their “servants”.
Therefore, for religions to stay relevant in the future most will have to adapt to the changes that the Omnisian revolution will bring along.
Continuing to impose lifestyles following often obsolete scriptures, in the sense of today’s realities – not as historical artefacts, will continue to drain such religions their following and, thus, also their funding.
Most, if not all, religions are bound to adapt or disappear altogether. Not because the Omnisian revolution will destroy them but because people themselves will choose to live detached from oppressive doctrines. This latter applies to both religion and government as institutions.
Clearly, and mostly, we have evolved away from slavery. So too will we evolve away from obsolete definitions for “god” and “believing”.
True spiritual and religious freedom, something that omnism also stands for, means that one can take whatever pieces of one or more religions and live by those, while leaving out all the rest of the doctrines. Religious institutions will have to be satisfied with that because that is likely all they are going to be left with in the future.
Approaching the Various Obstacles and Problems that Society and Individuals Encounter from a (W)Holistic Perspective
When everything is interconnected in the grand space opera of the universe, then so it must be true for the individual organisms, of which the human body is one.
For too long have there been monopolies in society that have kept people from truly understanding and appreciating their own bodies and lives. Not knowing their individual and collective capacities.
When a person is seemingly sick he/she goes to the doctor. There a diagnose of the body is performed and a conclusion formulated. While that may be sufficient in many cases, there are likely as many cases that require a deeper understanding of the interconnectivity that the human body and mind are subjected to. Yet, approaching problems in such a way is still all too often considered fringe and the work of charlatans. (Medical) doctors aren’t trained for this kind of approach at graduate schools and universities because these institutions refuse to deliver (w)holistic experts. Likely because it is easier to monetize and control through compartmentalization.
From another perspective, police forces for instance, are getting more and more militarized while the real experts in the field scream for more prevention rather than more oppression. Yet government as an institution remains oppressive itself and does not take into consideration the future effects of its current deeds. Another mess that we too are cleaning up, even though we didn’t create it.
4. THE REVOLUTION
The Omnisian revolution can start right now, any time. When you’re ready.
This revolution is about breaking down the package that we call modern society, it’s about analyzing each component of it. It’s about deconstructing what is obsolete and reinforcing that which is a contribution to the greater balance.
The revolution is in your daily habits. It’s in the products that you buy, the cloths that you wear and the food that you eat.
It’s in the conversations that you have or don’t have. It’s in the will to set yourself free. It’s in you wanting to connect with reality. It is in you standing your ground.
Ask yourself. How much is enough?
How many people do you have to see getting murdered on TV, in the news segments about the Middle East and African nations? Do you find it normal that entire families and cultures are being wiped out for no other reason than world dominance by foreign invading forces?
Do you think it is democratic or omnistic to see your government officials being part of constructions, in your name, that you have likely never heard of or have never voted for? You have heard of the Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU), haven’t you? It prepares new resolutions every year, for adoption by all IPU Members (people that are supposed to represent you and tell you what they are doing in your name). This means that rules and laws get implemented, likely in your country too, that you never even were asked your opinion about.
Things don’t just happen, they happen because people let them happen. Because they have no real idea what their government, and church or religion, is doing. Let alone how their central bank functions.
How can anyone with a sense of sanity keep paying taxes and allocating money and goods to such institutions? You do realize that when you do you are part of, or at least keep funding, the problem instead of the solution. Do you, are you?
I understand that most people are mentally not strong enough (yet) to pick up this sort of fight on the front lines. But ask yourself. Are you just going along with whatever those in power, anywhere and at any given moment, dictate? How do you live with yourself when you can help others, and yourself, stop this madness, but don’t?
5. OMNISIUM
Omnisium, it’s a state of spiritually being. The awareness of the truth, the universe and your interpretation of it, including the understanding of the full impact of that/your interpretation. It’s the name of a socio-politico-legal system, a realistic (u)topia where real balance exists between the opposing forces that shape our world.
In (an) Omnisium, no longer do good people always come late, because finally they have learned to anticipate and even harness the power of evil or “the dark side”.
As figurative as it all may seem to some, in (an) Omnisium self-study, “the force“ and true spirituality are the center pieces of society.
How different that is from life in the year 2018. A life where greed, war and extremist fundamental religion and sectarianism are still the key drivers for mankind. Regardless of age, nationality, gender or ethnicity.
submitted by ocps to religion [link] [comments]


2018.06.04 11:17 ocps Omnisium: The Omnisian Revolution

1. OMNISM
When the words “omnist” and “omnism” were coined (allegedly around 1839 by English poet Philip J. Bailey) and first included in several dictionaries the words merely referred to (someone) finding/there being some truth in all religions.
Although today that initial position is certainly still included in what omnism stands for the term now has a far broader reach and encompasses much more than just a particular view on religion.
Still, considering that most of today’s available spell check software and applications don’t recognize the words omnis, omnist(s), omnism, omnistic, omniology, omnisian etc. shows that this ideology, philosophy and way of life still have a long way to go, and therefore at the same time still have a huge potential in that the specific terminology hasn’t been extensively popularized, monetized, misinterpreted or hijacked. This is very important since we are going to deploy it for a very special occasion in humanity’s history. On our path to (an) Omnisium.
So what does omnism also stand for in today’s society?
From my perspective omnism is already a way of life, one wherein self-study in omniology and “the force” take central positions.
Self-Study in Omniology
The way I understand and interpret omnism, the ideology/philosophy requires one to take on an omni-active, inquiring and open mind.
By studying omnis, or everything, one is bound to keep asking the questions that eventually develop the mind into a conscious “force receptor” that can be used to voluntarily tap into the force. This not necessarily through mediation only. There are various ways of tapping into the force, such as the deploying of one’s talent (e.g. through the science of deduction), the use of certain substances (smoking of marijuana for instance) and even through praying (Try not to see access to the force as a reward for your prayer. Rather, through the act of praying you may enable yourself to tap into the force).
How does one study everything?
Well, simply by asking yourself and others questions, regardless of topic, purpose or reasoning. Here it is of lesser importance that one ever finds all the answers to all asked questions. It are the very acts of questioning and formulating questions that contribute the most to the process of developing one’s mind. Not just in the physical reality but also in one’s mental and spiritual existence.
Although omnism is a concept also of peace it is by no means just a passive or pacifist haven. It is the foundation of the next global revolution that may bring about the reformation of spirituality, religions and political, economic, scientific, social and medical doctrines.
Not because the omnist revolution will be a dictatorial experience but because the omnist mentality and thinking will spark the minds of those who have been boxed in for too long, in the constructs that they and their families have inherited through the centuries without ever questioning them to any significant extent.
2. THE FORCE
“God”… Likely the most monetized, distorted, raped, abused and misinterpreted word in the existence of our spoken world.
What does it really mean? What do people and their scriptures refer to when they use this word?
By any standards, once people use it as a term to personify a concept or a paradigm that concept or paradigm ceases to exist as anything else. It can’t be, mean or represent anything else than the personification itself.
In practice, referring to the concept “god” with words such as “lord”, “him”, “he” or “father” effectively results in the very concept being boxed in. It no longer means what most people actually try to indicate with it. It are terms such as these that reduce the alleged “omnipresent” to a mere personification. A caricature, if you will, to a certain extent.
In effect, the more one tries to define “god”, the less its meaning becomes accurate and the more people give up trying to wrap their heads around it. Hence the steady decline in the number of religious people around the world.
Enter “the force”.
The force as a term to refer to omnis, all, is by any standards not just a neutral approach, in that it does not demote anything, it is likely also the most accurate term as well when trying (trying) to put a correct name tag on something as massive as “everything”.
Still, the force can be interpreted very freely without necessarily having to compromise anything fundamental. It can mean whatever one wants it to mean or represent.
For some it may be a conscious presence, for others it is merely everything in the universe, collectively.
Personally I’m not a religious person, I never have been, nor do I see manifestations of there being a conscious entity (the way humans perceive consciousness) that dictates or controls everything.
This does not mean that I am free of pursuing an active and balanced spiritual existence. Nor does it mean that I don’t believe a concept as “the force” can hold truth, to the extent that it can exist.
There have been at least two instances in my life where, in retrospect, there might have been active a certain “force” of a, perhaps, deterministic nature.
The first instance concerns a childhood experience, I was around 10 years old, where, during playing on a swing set, I fell on my head. This resulted in not being able to breathe for a brief moment. I remember I got really scared because of it and panicked. As I was on the ground, trying to breathe I waved at my parents trying to alert them to my situation.
The scariest part of it all was that I also couldn’t scream out loud to call for help, I couldn’t make any sound at all and I felt something pulling at me, as if something was sucking me upwards towards the sky.
As a result, of not being able to shout, my parents thought I was just waving at them, seemingly indicating how much fun I had there hanging out around the swing set. Little did they know I was in fact suffocating.
I remember thinking that very moment, very intensely, “I don’t want to die yet, not like this!” And then, all of a sudden, something weird happened. It felt like I was being lifted out of vacuum. I could breathe again. By that time my mother was already approaching me after understanding that something odd was going on there near that swing set. She carried me inside of the camping trailer and calmed me down. All was well.
The second instance concerns an experience I had after using (too much) cocaine, I used to be a sniffer for quite a few years.
At one point, after getting my daily fix up my nose, and passing away on my sofa – I can’t remember for how long I was out – all of a sudden, while having a very intense dream or a similar experience I got shot in the left side chest by someone holding a silver-colored revolver. It was one shot, straight in the chest.
While this by itself wasn’t or isn’t strange in any way, people have all kinds of weird dreams all of the time, the sensation of pain that I felt was strange to say the least. I actually felt the pain of getting shot in the chest, even though I have never been shot at
all. So, my mind and body couldn’t possibly “remember” what it feels like to having been shot.
Immediately following this experience and sensation, a small white light or ‘hole’ appeared in front of me, surrounded by complete darkness. This thumb-sized light or dot flashed into a super bright white light that eclipsed everything else, within milliseconds, at least that’s what it felt and looked like. Instantly I woke up, as if being ejected out of this eclipsing bright light, still strongly sensing the entire episode for about a minute longer. While awake I actually still felt the pain of getting shot in the chest. I was wide awake by now but still I felt as if the gunshot wound was actually there.
Shortly after I gave up cocaine entirely. I stopped gambling and found a path that would gradually lead me off the “sheeple’s matrix”. Going way beyond grassroots activism and “alternative” news media.
So, do I believe that “the force” truly exists?
Well, let me put it this way. I believe in the truth and that we can tap into it. The truth here refers to: The existence of the universe, your and my world. I believe it exists and I believe everyone of us, including the other living organisms aside from us humans, interpret this truth differently.
Many of these interpretations have overlapping segments but in essence they are unique since each of us has his/her own set of brains and nerve system. Thus, it would make perfect sense that each one of us experiences the truth uniquely. After all, we are not mass-produced objects that a centralized manufacturing entity puts out.
As a result we experience the force differently. This can be seen in the variety of cultures that humans have brought about, the different religions that have existed and are currently around and in the countless unexplained phenomena that baffle people’s minds in different ways. Also the unexplained is experienced differently, which brings me back to the terms “god” and “the force”.
They are experienced individually and uniquely and that is perfectly fine. For this reason it is, in the way I observe and seek to experience life on this planet, for instance, perfectly okay to have a lesbian pope at the head of the catholic church. Likewise it is, for me, perfectly fine to willingly eat pork on a weekly basis while at the same time identifying as muslim or jewish (pork today is perfectly healthy food. Just like with all other meat, fish and poultry one has to follow certain health regulations). For the same reason it should be perfectly acceptable to others to have most of your friends outside of the Jehovah’s Witnesses community, as opposed to today’s reality where Jehovah’s Witnesses are encouraged to keep their friends only within the walls of the kingdom hall [for the (outside) world is poisonous, so it is claimed].
3. THE REBELLION
The rebellion, that I too intensely help to bring about, that Omnisium requires is one that we have likely never seen on the face of this planet. Nothing alike was ever created by mankind. For as far as recorded history concerns, is true and verifiable.
The reason why this rebellion needs to be of such nature is because we have pretty much exhausted all other alternatives. Looking at the world around us, we can’t proudly say that we, mankind, have succeeded in creating Omnisium to any, even modest, extent.
The foundation of this Omnisian rebellion is going to have to include a greater understanding of the reality, the truth. Not just in the physical sense – knowledge, materialism, news media, warfare etc – but also and especially in the mental and the spiritual sense.
Omnisium 21
An Omnisium in the 21st century should be the goal. This is feasible, even though we collectively seem to be behind schedule.
An Omnisium can be achieved by also:
Going beyond being aware through so-called alternative media
Implementing omnist governance
Redefining what it means to “believe in god” and to be a spiritual person
Reforming religion and religious institutions
Approaching the various obstacles and problems that society and individuals encounter from a (w)holistic perspective
Going Beyond Being Aware Through So-Called Alternative Media
The news/infotainment spectrum as it once existed is not around any more. The once distinct lines that separated the “mainstream” from the “alternative” news/infotainment media have faded away. Effectively, we now have a monostream news and infotainment environment wherein various shades of “opinion” are cultivated, monetized and imposed.
On the opposite side of the balance there exists a hardcore information and awareness collective that exists truly decentralized but that doesn’t operate in a streamlined fashion. Efficiency here is rather a curiosity, unfortunately. Hence, the steady expansion of the monostream.
Going beyond this requires breaking down this spectrum, the players, the driving and controlling forces. Knowing who is being steered by who, and how.
It also requires the empowerment of the hardcore awareness collective, since they hold the key to properly informing the masses, well, at least those people who are truly willing to stand and live for something.
Going beyond the controlled thoughts means shedding the old paradigm of there only being a “red pill” and a “blue pill”. Clearly that principle is not accurate any longer. A far more advanced real-life “matrix” exists today. This has been implemented gradually as most folks, also in the grassroots movements, were being distracted by the very news and infotainment stream that they have been putting their trust in. Whether “mainstream” or “alternative”.
Concretely this means that the Omnisian rebellion is going to have to establish education and training programs and facilities that address and take care of also this very issue.
Implementing Omnist Governance
Omnist goverance extends the principle of there being truth and essence in everything. This means that eventually a society, to become an Omnisium, will have to move beyond the obsolete concept of “follow the leader”. We, humanity, have tried this concept time and again and clearly we have not figured out a way yet that enables us to deploy this concept in a truly sustainable way.
This also means these two things, though.
People should for sure continue to try to find inspiration and guidance in others. People, after all, spark each other’s minds and that is a cornerstone of omnism.
People should govern their own lives. Centralized mass-governance hasn’t worked in the past and there is little to no reason to assume that it will ever work in the future. Power corrupts, it is as simple as that. It is in mankind’s human nature, so we’ve got to drop this power frenzy as the bad habit that it is.
What do an omnist society and omnist governments look like?
Omnist governments are first of all local. They can’t really function on a mass-scale since that is not what they are devised for. It goes against their nature. Fish don’t migrate thousands of kilometers away while flying 30,000 feet in the air.
Omnist governments can’t impose their will unilaterally like all governments today do. It goes against their nature. There’s not one golden rule for all. Everyone is different. The reason why people have a big problem with understanding this is because 1) we haven’t tried to live in such a world yet and 2) the powers that want to be seek to preserve the status quo (which largely brings us back to the emerged monostream that I discussed earlier).
However, Omnisium is not just another word for utopia, thus, omnist governments can surely organize security forces, among other (social) measures and directives/guidelines. A principle that may prove the most useful for this is likely the agora-principle. Not the centralized parliament and congress models wherein politicians lose all sense of reality among and touch with the public. Digitized applications, although discouraged, may also prove to be of limited value in supporting such agora-based governance but these are
especially susceptible to hijacking (likely even more than the real-life agora), regardless of how advanced the protocols may be or get.
To fully understand and be able to appreciate what it would be like to live in a localized society using omnist governance one would have to live it. Experience it first-hand. One, for example, can only truly experience one’s own dreams and emotions. That’s how unique and different this concept of omnist governance truly is. Unless you have experienced it yourself most of the people would likely never want it at face value, since it requires from them to adapt too much to a, for them, new reality.
But that is exactly what is needed if we, collectively, are really serious about, lets say, eradicating poverty and hunger. We really have tried all the rest, nothing works. No one can refute that.
On a macro scale, omnist governments would have to work as independent components that in their most extreme form can contribute to common goals. Although there can and should exist systems to communicate between the local omnist governments, supralocal entities would eventually suppress the efficiency of the local omnist governments. Having supralocal entities would also mean that we’d move back to centralization and consolidation of power and that is exactly one of the bad habits that an omnist society, an Omnisium, wants to get rid of. Besides, centralization and consolidation of power is the exact opposite of spiritual freedom and individual self-determination. Two basic principles of omnist societies.
Redefining What it Means to “Believe in God” and to Be a Spiritual Person
Some of the most difficult obstacles to overcome will be conservatism and fundamentalism, letting people truly experience their own “god”. Not from the position of today’s omnists but from the position of organized religion and centralized governance. The latter two have a lot to lose by setting free their “servants”.
Therefore, for religions to stay relevant in the future most will have to adapt to the changes that the Omnisian revolution will bring along.
Continuing to impose lifestyles following often obsolete scriptures, in the sense of today’s realities – not as historical artefacts, will continue to drain such religions their following and, thus, also their funding.
Most, if not all, religions are bound to adapt or disappear altogether. Not because the Omnisian revolution will destroy them but because people themselves will choose to live detached from oppressive doctrines. This latter applies to both religion and government as institutions.
Clearly, and mostly, we have evolved away from slavery. So too will we evolve away from obsolete definitions for “god” and “believing”.
True spiritual and religious freedom, something that omnism also stands for, means that one can take whatever pieces of one or more religions and live by those, while leaving out all the rest of the doctrines. Religious institutions will have to be satisfied with that because that is likely all they are going to be left with in the future.
Approaching the Various Obstacles and Problems that Society and Individuals Encounter from a (W)Holistic Perspective
When everything is interconnected in the grand space opera of the universe, then so it must be true for the individual organisms, of which the human body is one.
For too long have there been monopolies in society that have kept people from truly understanding and appreciating their own bodies and lives. Not knowing their individual and collective capacities.
When a person is seemingly sick he/she goes to the doctor. There a diagnose of the body is performed and a conclusion formulated. While that may be sufficient in many cases, there are likely as many cases that require a deeper understanding of the interconnectivity that the human body and mind are subjected to. Yet, approaching problems in such a way is still all too often considered fringe and the work of charlatans. (Medical) doctors aren’t trained for this kind of approach at graduate schools and universities because these institutions refuse to deliver (w)holistic experts. Likely because it is easier to monetize and control through compartmentalization.
From another perspective, police forces for instance, are getting more and more militarized while the real experts in the field scream for more prevention rather than more oppression. Yet government as an institution remains oppressive itself and does not take into consideration the future effects of its current deeds. Another mess that we too are cleaning up, even though we didn’t create it.
4. THE REVOLUTION
The Omnisian revolution can start right now, any time. When you’re ready.
This revolution is about breaking down the package that we call modern society, it’s about analyzing each component of it. It’s about deconstructing what is obsolete and reinforcing that which is a contribution to the greater balance.
The revolution is in your daily habits. It’s in the products that you buy, the cloths that you wear and the food that you eat.
It’s in the conversations that you have or don’t have. It’s in the will to set yourself free. It’s in you wanting to connect with reality. It is in you standing your ground.
Ask yourself. How much is enough?
How many people do you have to see getting murdered on TV, in the news segments about the Middle East and African nations? Do you find it normal that entire families and cultures are being wiped out for no other reason than world dominance by foreign invading forces?
Do you think it is democratic or omnistic to see your government officials being part of constructions, in your name, that you have likely never heard of or have never voted for? You have heard of the Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU), haven’t you? It prepares new resolutions every year, for adoption by all IPU Members (people that are supposed to represent you and tell you what they are doing in your name). This means that rules and laws get implemented, likely in your country too, that you never even were asked your opinion about.
Things don’t just happen, they happen because people let them happen. Because they have no real idea what their government, and church or religion, is doing. Let alone how their central bank functions.
How can anyone with a sense of sanity keep paying taxes and allocating money and goods to such institutions? You do realize that when you do you are part of, or at least keep funding, the problem instead of the solution. Do you, are you?
I understand that most people are mentally not strong enough (yet) to pick up this sort of fight on the front lines. But ask yourself. Are you just going along with whatever those in power, anywhere and at any given moment, dictate? How do you live with yourself when you can help others, and yourself, stop this madness, but don’t?
5. OMNISIUM
Omnisium, it’s a state of spiritually being. The awareness of the truth, the universe and your interpretation of it, including the understanding of the full impact of that/your interpretation. It’s the name of a socio-politico-legal system, a realistic (u)topia where real balance exists between the opposing forces that shape our world.
In (an) Omnisium, no longer do good people always come late, because finally they have learned to anticipate and even harness the power of evil or “the dark side”.
As figurative as it all may seem to some, in (an) Omnisium self-study, “the force“ and true spirituality are the center pieces of society.
How different that is from life in the year 2018. A life where greed, war and extremist fundamental religion and sectarianism are still the key drivers for mankind. Regardless of age, nationality, gender or ethnicity.
submitted by ocps to spirituality [link] [comments]


2018.06.02 04:02 Radical-Reviewer A big huge list of channels & discriptions.

429th Grommunist International Brosocalist grommie bringing that fresh content.
ABC's of Communism The fundamentals of the theory of historical materialism are explained for students from various working class parties.
Actually D0NG Big fan of this "Marx" and "Engels" fellas everyone's been talkin about. Communism gang gang.
Alternative Tentacles What Would Jello Do a news segment with Jello Biafra
American Anarchist Anarcho-Communist/Anarcha-Feminist. Against all forms of oppression and fighting for the liberation of all from under the heel of society.No Gods.No Masters
An Verndari my interests reach from Science Fiction to Philosophy and from Economics to Physics, I probably will cover a lot of these topics in my videos.
Anactualjoke Anarchist Trans Girl. She/Her. Making Video Essays and hot takes
Anarchist Spectacle provides an social anarchist perspective. My specific views are that of anarcha-feminism, queer liberationism, info-anarchism / anarcho-hacker, green-syndicalism, and libertarian communism.
Anarchist Collective Anarchist Collective for Videos: Creating videos and transcripts to help further education on Anarchism and topics related to anarchism.
Anarchopac I'm a disabled pan-sexual trans woman who talks about anarchism, feminism and marxism.
AndroidPolitician
Angie Speaks Anarchist Leftist channel with a creative and mystical flair!
Anti-Social Media I make stupid videos anout stupid people
Arielle Scarcella Calling all gays and straights alike...I'm Arielle -- a lesbian who loves LGBT culture. Let's talk sex, dating, gender, love, relationships and life! (And hot girls of course)
Audible Anarchist Audible Anarchist is a project started and operated by a group of volunteers that seek to bring important anarchist texts to the audio format.
Audible Socialism Audible Socialism is a collaborative project between several socialists to convert public domain texts from Marxists.org to usable audiobook.
The Atheist Voice The Atheist Voice provides a platform for discussion for atheist leaders, authors, bloggers, activists, and everybody else who is passionate about atheism, and secularism.
Azure Scapegoat Channel combining politics & gaming. What could go wrong?
Bad Mouse Productions Leftist with left wing views. I'm not a furry, I just like cute things.
Bat’ka the Manarchist Anarchist shitposter.
Beer and Rage A show exploring the depths of cheap beer and anarchy.
Benji Adam Whiskettes (communist video essays)
Big Joel I make video essays and deep dives about movies and other things.
Black Goat 666 Take down video essays of Right Wing content.
Black Red Guard Ruminations, rants, lectures, screeds from a New Afrikan Maoist in Saint Louis, Missouri. midwestisred.
The Black Rose Anarchist who (like the anarchist movement itself) is adopting more and more of the marxist analysys. Don't expect consistant videos; I make them when I feel like.
Blissful Melancholy LGBTQ+, atheism, and general hijinks. I've got a little bit of everything. Feel free to message me commenting on anything or asking me questions
Boy Boy
Br34dSquad Where you can find highlights, machinimas, trailers and promos along with other great content from the BR34DSQUAD Media Collective! Join us comrade!
Brendan Davison I am an activist and student from Kansas City, Kansas. I am an avowed democratic socialist, and a proud member of Democratic Socialists of America.
Brendan Mcoony We are entering a period of profound economic, political and cultural crisis. In such periods it is essential for society to have the right theoretical tools for understanding our condition and how to change it.
The Bronx Blogger "Justice is what love looks like in public" -Dr. Cornel West
Carnival Communist Trans woman that uses she or they pronouns. Libertarian Communist. Always learning, always changing, always becoming.
CGP Grey (video essays on various subjects from voteing to general subjects)
Cheech Guevara Ayy i make videos and play games and idk how to do any of this stuff.
Chomsky’s Philosophy A collection of Noam Chomsky's ideas and analyses.
Christopher Szabo The Christopher Szabo Show is an ongoing web series updated monthly that ganders at the obscure oddities of different mediums from films, videos, television shows, and video games. It is highly advised that you watch these episodes while under the influence and wearing headphones.
Claudia Brown Hello everyone! I make youtube videos talking about feminism.
The Comfy Milk Shop Channel to repost anarchist content you cant find on youtube, maybe oc in the future after reading my library
Comment Etiquette Satirical Videos critiquing internet trends.
The Communist Dragon I'm an Anarcho-Communist Dragon,making shitposts,memes,refuting arguments made by Liberals,Conservatives,Right-Wingers,and AnCaps alike,making education videos about Leftist Theory.
Comrade Hakim A Marxist who makes videos from time to time. Formerly known as "Comrade Lenin".=
Comrade Maxwell Video essays on anarchism.
Comrade Pierre Tru-Dank The Supreme Ayatollah of the Socialist Death Kult, Marxist-De Leonist, Cyber-Socialist, Paul Cockshott Gang. #1 supporter of turning Tel Aviv into a blast crater.
Comrade Bun A spectre is haunting youtube...
Conner Habib
Contra Points YouTuber, ex-philosopher. Sex, drugs, and social justice.
Corbett Report The Corbett Report is an independent, listener-supported alternative news source. It operates on the principle of open source intelligence and provides podcasts, interviews, articles and videos about breaking news and important issues from 9/11 Truth and false flag terror to the Big Brother police state, eugenics, geopolitics, the central banking fraud and more.
Creationist Cat was a freakin' housecat dat was zapped by god true dee innernet. Now I'm an agent of da lord, Atheists Beware! (satirical take on alt-right/skeptic videos)
Cuck Philosohpy Leftist video essays on various topics and media.
Danov (communist video essays)
Dead/Skeptic (video essays critiquing the alt-right)
Deep Green Resistance View videos from the radical environmental and social justice organization Deep Green Resistance.
Democracy At Work We are a non-profit 501c3 that advocates for worker cooperatives and democratic workplaces as a key path to a stronger, democratic economic system.
Democracy Now! Democracy Now! is an independent, global weekday news hour anchored by award-winning journalists Amy Goodman and Juan González.
Democratic Socialist01 (socialist video essays)
Dylan Marron writer + performer + video maker
Empire Files A documentary & interview series hosted by Abby Martin - reporting on war & inequality from the heart of Empire
Enver Hoxha42069 Not a tankie, just a socialist without adjectives.
Eric Taxxon I make music (maybe)(and media video essays)
Flea Market Socialist Communism is a direction; not a goal.
Folding Ideas I talk about narrative theory: the mechanisms of storytelling. This encompasses the wider communications theories about the way that we process information.
Forever Jamses In-Depth examinations of the literature and writings of regressive politics in the modern era. If you stomach to listen the Alt-Right and the emerging right, they will tell you what they really believe.
Goulash Guy Educational videos for the modern man
Gwen_No_Fear some political, critical analysis and current events stuff on YouTube as well as some hangouts with friends
HBomber Guy Internet? (media analysis and left video essay)
Hip Huges History The most important events in History explained by HipHughes, YouTube EDU Guru & TV Talking Head
Hugo and Jake Religion, to Politics, to Movies and TV. Catch up on their Atheist Bible Study to see What the Bible really says, or their Chick tract readings to get your dose of fundamentalist insanity. If you're feeling more topical check out our recent Movie or Books Reviews like our Current Series On Jordan Peterson.
Innuendo Studios I make video essays about games, web culture, and social politics.
The Intercept:The Intercept is an investigative nonprofit news organization dedicated to producing fearless, adversarial journalism. We believe journalism should bring transparency and accountability to powerful governmental and corporate institutions.
Jack Saint/LackingSaint Writer, Animator, Videographer, Director (BIG IRON). Nice to meet you! I'm here to tell stories and connect with people.
Jason Unruhe This is the home of the Maoist Rebel News, the first and only source of Marxist perspective news. A reliable source of anti-capitalist opinion for the last 8 years. Here international politics, domestic politics, war and economics are primarily covered.
The Jimmy Dore Show Jimmy Dore is the star of several Comedy Central specials, a writer performer for the Off-Broadway hit “The Marijuana-Logues,” and is the host of "The Jimmy Dore Show" carried nationally by Pacifica Radio and worldwide on the web by the Young Turks
Jo
Josė
Kevin Logan I take on the manospherian, alt-right, anti-feminist, anti-social justice fuckwads of the world, with the occasional cat video thrown in for good measure!
Kurzgesagt We are a small team who want to make science look beautiful. Because it is beautiful. Currently we make one animation video per month. Follow us on Twitter, Facebook to get notified when a new one comes out.
Kwame Who wants a world in which the guarantee that we shall not die of starvation entails the risk of dying of boredom?
KyleKallgrenBHH an immature look at movies and movie-related nonsense.
Left Sphere A social anarchist youtube channel. I use she / her pronouns.
Leftist Manifesto We're discussing news, politics, organization, action, art, and media from a leftist perspective. We're discussing modern solutions to old problems, and mapping a brighter collectivist future. We're PolyLeftist—the left is a big umbrella, but we believe we have more in common than different, so we've got to work together to build tomorrow.
Leftist Theory Audiobooks This is a non-sectarian socialist audiobook channel dedicated to provided audiobooks on all tendencies of socialist thought
Leftypol На канале leftypol вы найдете информацию о различных левых движениях мира, узнаете про ответвления коммунизма, анархизма, о развитии идеи Маркса и Ленина.
Leftypol Videos I just re-upload webms (usually from the chans) here that have anything to do with politics, specifically leftist.
Libertarian Socialist Rants Hello! I'm a libertarian socialist. Here you will find my rants about the world we live in from an anarchist perspective.
Lil Wage
Lindsay Ellis (film analysis and critiqe, feminist perspective)
The Majority Report The Majority Report is a daily, political talk show at majority.fm live at 12PM ET.
MarinaShutUp My videos have been described as "mildly entertaining" and "the worst editing I have ever seen". Here we vlog about feminism and my bio professor
Marxist Media (Marxist videogame analysis)
Marxist-Leninist Theory The channel presents Marxist-Leninist theory in audio book form.
Matt Florence I am a history degree student born and raised in England. I make articles and videos focusing on history, politics and war.
Mexie
The Michael Brooks Show
Michael Saba Medium- to long-form essays and cultural critique.
The Moa The Moa is a video essay series which explores ideas shaping our world
Nano GoleSorkh iranian channel, does english videos on woman's issues
Never Speak in Absolutes I make video essays that seek to improve the quality and the subject of discourse online. Some of my videos deal with problems that don't get enough attention like peak oil and its political and economic implications. Others address a polarizing popular topic in an even-handed manner without resorting to false objectivity. A few will criticize popular ideas or pundits I feel require it, but again I will strive to do this in a useful non-polemical way.
Nichtshwert Still figuring out the point of this channel. I wanna do sensible media analysis, but also leftist political stuff. Stay tuned and please leave lots of feedback if you have the time.
Non Compete Leftist, Anarchist, Communist, Feminist video essays.
Pamphleteer Video Essays on leftist topics.
The Peace Report The Peace Report (TPR) was created to help educate the public about the problems surrounding militarism, wars, conflicts, & the effects of military spending. We’ll use our website and social media platforms to get our content out to people, but you can also sign up for our weekly newsletter to keep up with all of our content.
Peter Coffin The official channel of satirist and weirdo Peter Coffin. Home to Very Important Documentaries (infotainment) and Adversaries (commercial critique).
Philosophy Tube I'm Olly, giving away a philosophy degree for free every Friday! Subscribe to learn and boost your brain power!
Polinkazh Естэм Супэр Гангстэр
Pop Culture Detective A series of critical video essays looking at media through a critical lens with an emphasis on the intersections of politics, masculinity and entertainment.. Hosted by Jonathan McIntosh.
A Privileged Vegan pro-intersectional justice, always making sure that humans and other animals are a part of that conversation. I also like to find cool activists and interview them about their work/ views/projects.
The Proletariat Skeptic Greetings, comrades! I'm The Proletariat Skeptic! That's a bit of a mouthful though, isn't it? Just call me ProSkep for short.
ProSocial Future (leftist economic video essays)
ProSocialism Hello! I'm a Marxist that likes to make YouTube videos about the historical communist movement.
QualiaSoup (Video essays about athiesm)
Radian2Pi I make lefty vids, and I make games maybe.
Radical Reviewer Hello, I am the Radical Reviewer. I review and analyze Radical and Leftist literature and media.
Rasmp I am a horse. Neigh.
Rational Disconnect I make videos about politics, social justice, and science. They aren't very good, but they're getting there.
The Real News The Real News Network is a global online video news network that listens to and is dependent on its audience.
Red Star Videos We make dank memes and dope political analysis.
Red Vanguard Radio Red Vanguard Radio is a Marxist-Leninist channel dedicated to teaching theory.
Red Scare TV I am RedScareTV and this is my channel. Here I give a Marxist view on many topics.
Redacted Tonight The most radical political comedy show in America.
RedFish We started redfish to create a platform for the people who are at the heart of their own stories and to acknowledge that those stories are always part of a big picture which connects us all.
Renegade Cut Renegade Cut is an educational web series about philosophies espoused by individual films. Common topics include politics and social issues.
Riech-Wing Watch Exposing the rise of the authoritarian right
Resonance Audio We are recording anarchist and related texts and distributing them in audio form.
ReyRoSho Challenging Society Through Commentary (political reviews of hop hop culture)
RichardDWolf A lifelong professor of economics, Richard D. Wolff is a well-known critic of contemporary capitalism and the leading proponent of an alternative economic system based on Worker Self-Directed Enterprises (WSDEs).
Right-Libertarianism Exposed Cut taxes for the billionaires and the huge corporations, and cut services for the working class; privatize and deregulate even more, so that the huge corporations become even more wealthy and powerful. This is the right-libertarian recipe.
Riley J. Dennis Just a queer girl making videos about intersectional feminism, politics, and whatever else she feels like. :)
The RSA Want world-changing ideas, world leaders, RSA Animates, self-improvement, talks, debates, interviews, animations and loads more?! Well you've come to the right place!
Schnitz Returns
The School of Life We apply psychology, philosophy, and culture to everyday life, addressing the questions we're never taught enough about at regular school or college: How can relationships go well? What is meaningful work? How can love last? How can one find calm? What has gone wrong (and right) with capitalism?
ScotchOikos I am interested in politics and ideas. Truth, reason, and honesty must always Trump tribal partisan tendencies.
Secular Talk Liberal Radio Host. Social Democrat. Agnostic-Atheist. Secular Humanist. Loyal to the Facts. Principles over Politicians.
Severin K British left-wing anarchist with a weird accent. Occasionally makes content.
Sexplanations Dr. Lindsey Doe the host is also a doctor of human sexuality who runs a private practice in clinical sexology where she works directly with clients on their sexual health goals.
Shaun (video essays critiqing the alt-right)
SJW101, the political gamer I'm an advocate of social justice and a gamer and make no apologies for either. Open minded and willing to consider alternative viewpoints to my own, expect me to challenge you if you are sowing fear, ignorance or are misled.
Socialism Explained Complicated things explained in 5 minutes.
Socialism Or Barbarism! I'm comin 4 yer toothbrushes, m8
Socialist Education Promoting the Socialist ideal. The approach will be non-tendency, and any and all critique is welcomed and encouraged. However, a comments policy will soon be implemented.
Socialist Revolution just some trans-girl who does anarchist stuff
Some More News Hello, I am a news dude and, news-wise, here is some of it.
Space Babies This is a channel where Space Baby talk about Art, History and Politics.
Step Back History Step Back is a history channel that invites you to consider the past and how it connects to today. We make videos that take a historical topic and look at it from a new angle.
Stimulator sub.Media is a video production ensemble, which aims to promote anarchist and anti-capitalist ideas, and aid social struggles through the dissemination of radical films and videos.
T1J I try to start thoughtful conversations about social issues, politics, pop culture, and other things that are interesting to me. My goal is to promote critical thinking and honest debate without sacrificing nuance or civility. Be honest. Be assertive. Be kind. Be open-minded. New videos every Friday!
Thom Avella Gender-neutral video essayist and musician, seeking to spread the good word of libertarian socialism far and wide. they/them.
Thought Slime I'm a smug anarchist poseur vomiting out video essays for you. I love you.
Threadpants I'm an anarchist and feminist. Also, I tend to be desperate in making videos for money.
Three Arrows Doing stuff about the bad history on the far-right and more.
Tovarishch Endymion Marxist youtuber making Marxist material
The Vegan Anarchist I'm Samantha and I've been Making Cringy Vegan Anarchist Videos since 2015! I don't pull punches; I fight for Total Liberation! I'm an unapologetic Veganarchist, Intersectional Vegan, Anarcho-Communist, Trans Non-binary Femme, Latinx with Aspergers. Pronouns are They/ Them and she/ her.
What is Anarchism? Channel dedicated to the explaination of anarchism, a libertarian socialist ideology. The channel wants to be very accesible so everyone, including former non-political people can understand.
Wisecrack Wisecrack is a collective of comedians, academics, filmmakers, and artists who are super curious about the world around us. Our channel explores big ideas in unusual (and hopefully super entertaining) ways. We dive into philosophy and critical thinking through the lens of movies, TV shows, video games, and books.
Xexizy Marxist youtuber determined to bring about the social revolution through the internet, somehow.
You're So Brave (podcasts addressing lgbtq+ issues and other stuff)
The Young Turks (liberal news show) We are a rare show that combines all of the news that people care about in one place. We are not afraid to talk about politics and entertainment and sports and pop culture. But that is not the revolution either.
Zeepsterd Hi, I'm Zeep! The content here might interest you as most of the topics on this channel are about history, politics, and multiple pieces of media.
Zero Books Zero Books publishes books of critical theory, cultural criticism, Marxist economics, experimental fiction, and books on aesthetics. This channel features short videos that use memes, gifs, and popular culture to illustrate and explain the ideas in our books.
submitted by Radical-Reviewer to BreadTube [link] [comments]


2018.05.05 01:53 FinnagainsAwake “Socialists” Chase After Anti-Gun Movement - April 2018 • r/WorkersVanguard2

Aiding and Abetting the Capitalist Democratic Party “Socialists” Chase After Anti-Gun Movement
The cynical exploitation of traumatized youth by the Democratic Party to further its agenda of gun control has provided an X-ray into the politics of a panoply of left groups. When key sectors of the most powerful ruling class in the world want to disarm the populace, slashing a key democratic right in order to leave the oppressed defenseless, how do socialists respond? In the last few weeks, as high-minded liberals, big-city police chiefs and Democratic mayors (“the bosses of the racist killer cops”) push for gun control, almost the entire U.S. left has marched in lockstep with them. Why? Because they are chasing after the young marchers who have been enrolled in this campaign to bolster the repressive apparatus of the capitalist state.
As revolutionary Marxists, we oppose any and all efforts by the bourgeois government to infringe on the right of workers and oppressed people, and the population in general, to “keep and bear arms,” which is vital to self-defense. The bourgeoisie’s rule is made possible in large part by its ability to perpetrate violence against those it rules over, which is why it wants a disarmed populace. Gun control has historically been used to disarm black people and intensify racist repression going back to the time of chattel slavery. Today gun control is enforced by racist police dragnets in impoverished black and brown inner-city neighborhoods, along with the system of mass incarceration.
In the flood of gushing coverage by the left press of the protests following the February 14 Parkland, Florida school massacre, this elemental truth about the U.S. is whitewashed or ignored. For revolutionary Marxists, class criteria are key in judging any social phenomenon, along with Roman jurist Cicero’s watchword, cui bono? (who benefits?). But the pseudo-socialist left in the U.S. has degenerated to such a degree after decades of tagging along and lining up with liberal Democrats that when they see hundreds of thousands of young people marching in the street they reflexively start salivating, no matter what “the movement” is actually for.
The most outspoken support for the anti-gun movement comes from the Democratic Socialists of America and the hipster social democrats of Jacobin Magazine, the unofficial publication of the DSA’s “left wing.” The DSA was founded in 1982 as a pressure group and conduit for the Democratic Party, and continues to play that role today. It has fronted for U.S. imperialist-backed counterrevolution from Central America to Poland and beyond.1 The DSA’s first response to the Parkland massacre was an article titled “The Second Amendment is a Threat to Us All” (dsausa.org, 19 February). Following the contorted argument of the DSA, the Second Amendment “doesn’t actually grant” the “rights of citizens” to “keep and bear arms,” but only “addresses whether and by whom it can be infringed.”
Hello? These social democrats are saying that the federal government does have the constitutional right to infringe upon gun ownership, even though the Second Amendment explicitly says “the right of the people to keep and bear Arms shall not be infringed.” What part of “not” does the DSA not understand?
The article even offers the ruling class helpful advice on how best to overcome this unfortunate misunderstanding, with a proposal for a Twenty-Eighth Amendment repealing the Second Amendment and banning “the manufacturing, transportation or importation in or into any State, Territory, or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of pump-action, semi-automatic or automatic firearms.” Here they join with former U.S. Supreme Court justice John Paul Stevens2 who wants to abolish the Second Amendment altogether. This has long been a dream of the liberal establishment, which wants to limit the possession of dangerous (read: effective) firearms to “responsible agents” such as…the police and military.
Even more explicit is an article by DSA vice-chair Steve Max that reads like a passage out of a manual on Counterrevolution for Dummies, asserting that “There is No Second Amendment Right to a Gun,” (dsausa.org, 14 December 2013):
“We need to start saying loudly and strongly that if you want a military gun, go join the National Guard – they have one for you to use. Otherwise, government at all levels has the right to limit guns just as it does drugs, tobacco, gambling, alcohol, tainted meat and a host of other evils. There is simply no constitutional right to individual gun ownership.”
How grotesque! Never mind that the National Guard is called in to repress outraged masses, as in Baltimore in 2015, when protestors took to the streets over the cop murder of Freddie Gray. Or that in 1970 the Ohio National Guard opened fire on unarmed students protesting the Vietnam War at Kent State University, killing four – shortly followed by the police murder of two black students and wounding of twelve others at Jackson State in Mississippi. Or that National Guard units are being sent to the Mexican border to hunt down immigrants. None of this matters to the Democratic (Party) Socialists of America. They place full confidence in Uncle Sam’s armed and uniformed defenders.
As for the right-Girondists of the “Jacobin” clique,3 they argue in response to leftists who (correctly) say that gun control is racist, that it is necessary to “catch up with popular outrage” to “support robust gun control.” An article written by Nivedita Majumdar, a professor at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice and secretary of the Professional Staff Congress (the faculty and staff union at the City University of New York), declares:
“Progressives are right in highlighting the racism of the criminal justice system most glaringly manifested in police shootings of black and brown men, and they’re understandably concerned with the possibility [emphasis in original] of racialized gun control. But they tend to ignore the actuality of the state’s racialized neglect of the gun violence that disproportionately impacts communities of color. The failure of the state to safeguard black lives rarely factors into Left opposition to gun control.”
“The Socialist Case for Gun Control,” Jacobin, 26 February 2018
This whitewashes the racist nature of the U.S. “justice” system and denies the basics of the Marxist analysis of the state, which is essential for all those seeking to end racial oppression.
The “possibility” of “racialized” gun control? The main purpose of gun control has always been to keep guns out of the hands of African American, Latino and other oppressed groups. (See “Democrats Exploit School Shooting to Push Racist Gun Control” in this issue.) What Majumdar is calling for means stepped-up police repression to supposedly “safeguard black lives” precisely in those neighborhoods where the cops are notoriously violent and murderous. The state’s purpose is not to defend black people – its purpose is to repress the exploited and oppressed, as was the case in the government’s war on the Black Panther Party and as can be seen today as police kill more than three civilians a day, and a black person every 28 hours on average, year-in and year-out.
While reformist social-democratic supporters of capitalism call for police to seize guns in “communities of color,” revolutionary Marxists defend the right to form workers militias and the right to armed black self-defense. Like many “left” academics, Majumdar has bought into the myth of eternal bourgeois rule. Majumdar treats “the state” (never the capitalist state) as neutral and a possible ally, and any argument in favor of organized self-defense as “romanticized,” ludicrous and dangerous:
“The notion that today a civilian armory can hold its own against the military might of the state is absurd. And such romanticized notions, unchecked, can cause a lot of harm. Imagine the state response if Occupy or Black Lives Matter included the idea of armed defense or resistance. And also imagine what it would have done for the future of organizing.”
Or imagine instead what if civil rights workers in the Jim Crow South had not been protected by armed black residents exercising their Constitutional right to self-defense, as documented in many important and easily accessible accounts, from Robert F. Williams’ classic Negroes With Guns (1962) to We Will Shoot Back: Armed Resistance in the Mississippi Freedom Movement by Akinyele Umoja (2013) and This Non-Violent Stuff’ll Get You Killed: How Guns Made the Civil Rights Movement Possible (2014) by Charles Cobb.
Nobody would claim that in a frontal clash, small groups of people with light arms could effectively take on the enormous stock of heavy weaponry in the hands of the repressive forces of the capitalist rulers. The working class must rely on its own power, organization and proletarian methods of struggle. But in a country of 319 million people, the fact that there are an estimated 359 million firearms in the hands of civilians (2015 estimate)4 would give pause to a despotic government with, say, 5 million police and military at its disposal. The Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed not to benefit hunters, but to ensure that an armed population “would be able to repel the danger” of a standing army, as James Madison wrote in Federalist No. 46.
Plus today we have the danger of fascists, so far relatively small in number in the U.S. but still heavily armed, as we saw in Charlottesville last year, along with right-wing militias. Imagine, if you will, relying on the police to deal with the violent racists, either in the 1960s or today. Yet that suicidal policy is exactly what is called for by the “left” advocates of gun control. You might ask, how could any Marxist even imagine the police as a force that could safeguard black lives? The answer is, first, that the DSA and other social democrats are not Marxists, and second, that they push such an absurd and dangerous illusion because they seek to maintain and administer this capitalist state.
Social Democrats Embrace Gun Control, Lock, Stock and Barrel
If the Democratic (Party) Socialists of America long ago came to terms with being lap dogs, if not bloodhounds for U.S. imperialism, other social-democratic outfits tailing after the DSA like to keep up at least a pretence of a left façade. Hence we find them squirming as they embrace the Democrat-led gun control movement. They love “the movement” even though some may be a bit queasy about its program. But that is not an insurmountable problem for your accomplished opportunist. We will see below how they squared the circle between their current appetites and the longstanding revolutionary socialist opposition to gun control. In their different ways, they all give obeisance to the grandfather of modern reformism, Eduard Bernstein, who coined the motto: “The final goal is nothing, the movement is everything.”
The International Socialist Organization (ISO), political heirs of British ex-Trotskyist Tony Cliff, are past masters in this game. These professional ambulance chasers of the left are always on the lookout for whatever is moving and shaking in the streets or, more specifically, on campus; as to the political content, they’re not so picky. The ISO waxes lyrical about the “deeply inspiring” post-Parkland demos, which draw “a line in the sand – marked out by young people.” Back in 2008 when they wanted to climb on the Obama bandwagon, the ISO referred to the Democratic candidate’s campaign as “a breath of fresh air.”5 All these circumlocutions are just excuses for embracing “movements” led by one or another section of the bourgeoisie, pretending to push them ever so slightly to the left:
“By bringing the gun debate into the arena of social struggle, this new movement has the potential to develop a left wing that can take this issue out of the cul-de-sac of an unresolvable ‘safety vs. freedom’ clash – and instead start raising pointed questions about militarism, social alienation and the right-wing politics of paranoia….”
“Refusing to accept a society steeped in violence,” Socialist Worker, 22 February
ISO and other social democrats claim that youth led the way in post-Parkland protests. But as videos of March 24 “March for Our Lives” show, it was all about electing Democrats and gun control. (Time video)
By the time the March 24 “March for Our Lives” rolled around, the ISO had to recognize that the “new movement” was being politically led by the Democratic Party. Its article (“Youth lead the way in the March for Our Lives,” Socialist Worker, 30 March) admits that “Organizing and planning for the March 24 demonstrations came from mainstream organizations with direct connections to the Democratic Party.” But it adds: “In most cases, though, everything from the speeches at the front to the signs in the crowd and comments of demonstrators showed that the March for Our Lives mobilized people whose concerns go further than elections.” Actually, if you read the rest of the article, just about every snippet from one city after another shows that youth were fronting for a march about electing Democrats and gun control.
In an earlier article, Danny Katch, a leading ISO spokesman, conceded that gun control laws are used against black people: “Socialists have traditionally been wary about many of the policies that are labeled gun control measures. For one thing, many anti-gun measures implemented in cities like New York City and Chicago have further criminalized entire Black and Brown communities.” Katch even recognizes that, historically, the “American left has always had to organize its own self-defense against the Ku Klux Klan and other far-right groups.” (But these days, the ISO makes blocs with the mayor and police to oppose workers mobilization to stop the fascists.6) So what’s the solution, Danny? Here’s his answer:
“If a government agency were to take over gun training and licensing, that would also greatly undermine the primary recruiting tool of the NRA….
“Socialists can – and I think should – also support prohibiting the manufacture of weapons like the AR-15 semi-automatic rifle….”
“How do socialists take on gun fundamentalism?” Socialist Worker, 27 February 2018
So the ISO wants the bosses’ government, which it admits would use gun control laws against black and Latino people, to be in charge of training and licensing gun owners! Aside from expressing abject confidence in the capitalist state, this is a sure-fire formula to see that people who oppose or are the victims of racist repression are denied the right to own firearms as a means of self-defense. For good measure, Katch throws in the standard reformist demand calling for money for “books not guns.” But the capitalist war on public education and the U.S.’ predatory wars around the world are not a matter of budgetary priorities. Imperialism is capitalism in terminal decay, waging endless war as it rips up social programs and democratic rights. The ruling class wants gun control in order to reinforce the power of the capitalist state.
Next up is Socialist Alternative (SAlt), the U.S. section of the Committee for a Workers International (CWI). Like the rest of the social democrats, SAlt hails the “massive and historic movement” and the “bold initiative of the students in Parkland.” Recognizing the “attempts from the Democratic Party to channel this movement,” its response is to say “we sympathize with” the “understandable” desire of “many people … to vote the Republicans out in November.” To give a slight left veneer, SAlt claims that “for many” who participated in the March for Our Lives the “demand for gun control is just a start” in addressing a “broader social crisis”: “With a world in desperate need of change, the so-called ‘mass shooting’ generation is likely to become the mass movement generation” (“Student Revolt Shakes America,” Socialist Alternative, 27 March).
SAlt’s only caveat is to say that “the movement” would be “wise to remain independent of the Democratic Party establishment’s influence.” Meaning: Hillary Clinton no, Bernie Sanders OK. It embraces the demonstrations’ call to “ban the sale of all assault weapons,” adding the usual laundry list of reformist demands, including “tax the rich and big business to fully fund our schools.” An earlier article (“Parkland School Massacre: Youth Rise Up Against Violence & the NRA,” Socialist Alternative, 21 February) calls for “demilitarization of the police and the schools,” talking of “democratically elected committees to ensure the safety and wellbeing of all employees, students and parents” which “should have a controlling oversight over all measures pertaining to health and safety” while studiously avoiding the call for cops out of the schools.
This is no oversight, as SAlt and the CWI come out of the Militant tendency that for decades was embedded in the British Labour Party, and which pretends that police are “workers in uniform” rather than their real role as the armed fist of the capitalist state and the core of its repressive apparatus. They look back with nostalgia to the time in the early 1980s when Militant Labour ran the Liverpool City Council – that is, when they were the bosses of the police. And what exactly does SAlt’s call to “demilitarize the police” mean? Return to the pre-9/11 days when cops shot down black people with impunity, just as they do today, only without military gear? Just months ago, SAlt published an article titled “Is Gun Control the Solution to Gun Violence? A Socialist Analysis,” (Socialist Alternative, 5 December 2017) which recognized:
“Attempts at gun control have been an ongoing feature of U.S. and other capitalist societies…. Marxists have historically opposed such attempts to try to enforce the bourgeoisie’s desire for a monopoly of force.”
And today? The “socialist analysis” concludes: “While we strongly believe in the right of working people, racial minorities, and the oppressed to defend themselves against the violence of the bosses, the state or reactionary groups,” and “While defending our general theoretical position on the state – and not making any concession to liberal ideas that the state is neutral, we need to examine the question concretely under the current conditions, balance of forces, and consciousness.” So while historically, theoretically and generally defending the rights of working and oppressed people to self-defense, concretely our Labourite social democrats “support some gun control measures including mandating background checks on all gun sales.” Oh yes, they “have reservations about how background checks proposals are often written,” which “in practice means excluding a significant section of the black working class.” But those pious concerns are brushed aside.
Incredibly, Socialist Alternative argues that “limited gun control measures” are OK because, it says, “The only areas where there are forcible attempts by the police to disarm people are public housing projects in the inner cities.” Oh, well, if it’s “only” there then it can’t be so bad, is that it? Have these pseudo-Trotskyists never heard of “stop and frisk,” where hundreds of thousands of African American and Latino youth are stopped every year by the cops, just in New York, on the pretext of looking for “illegal guns” or drugs?! In fact, these “socialist” imposters are so pro-police that Seattle city councilwoman and leading SAlt figure Kshama Sawant praised the selection of a woman police chief as a “positive” move.7 Of course, the Seattle police kept on carrying out racist repression. In June 2017 they killed a pregnant black woman (in her apartment, in front of several children) who had called police to report a possible burglary.
As for the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, the house-broken social democrats of Socialist Alternative label it “ultra-left” and opine that “the brandishing of weapons, while being attractive to a minority of revolutionary black youth, was a serious mistake.” For shame! In its final sentence, SAlt’s article admits “Our position embodies a certain contradiction,” but blames that on having to “to operate within a capitalist framework.” The contradiction is only on paper. In practice, Socialist Alternative supports racist gun control. “Color-Blind” Economism and Centrism in the Service of the Democratic Party
The other branch of the former Militant tendency, the misnamed International Marxist Tendency (IMT), like the CWI, pretends that bourgeois police are workers and supports cop “strikes” (see “Her Majesty’s Social Democrats in Bed with the Police,” The Internationalist No. 29, Summer 2009). While the DSA, ISO and SAlt swoon over the movement for gun control, the IMT pretends that this is, at best, a peripheral demand of “the growing movement”:
“The most important aspect of these walkouts is that they have given voice to a range of social demands that have nothing to do with the typical gun-control debate that has prevailed in Washington and the media until now. For students living in cities with high rates of gun violence, safety in schools and working-class neighborhoods is a social question tied to jobs, housing, education funding, and more – and not something that can be entrusted to the armed bodies of the capitalist state.”
“USA: student walkouts reveal demands for broader change,” marxist.com, 22 March
But the walkouts were all about gun control, they arose in wealthy white suburbs not inner cities, they were run by the Democrats, and their demands would in fact strengthen the “armed bodies of the capitalist state” to carry out racist repression in hard-hit African American and Latino neighborhoods (something that is hardly mentioned in the IMT’s article).
Even more aggressively “color-blind” are the anti-union pseudo-socialists of the World Socialist Web Site, a/k/a the Socialist Equality Party, acolytes of David North (who for years was the CEO of a non-union printing company). In 15 articles enthusiastically praising the post-Parkland marches against gun violence, the “alternative facts” accounting of the marches by the WSWS paints the picture of a Democratic Party unsuccessfully attempting to steer the message of the demonstrations in support of gun control:
“While the Democrats intervened as much as they could to block demonstrators from drawing broader conclusions, protesters who spoke to the World Socialist Web Site … readily connected violence within the US to imperialist war and the social crisis.”
“The International Significance of the March for Our Lives demonstrations,” World Socialist Web Site, 26 March 2018
No doubt some demonstrators criticized aspects of U.S. imperialism, but the political demands of the “March for Our Lives” and the other “youth-led” protests are quite clear: gun control, and elect Democrats in November.
While criticizing the Democrats for trying to “limit discussion” to gun control, in 18,945 words on the protests the WSWS barely mentioned (twice, to be exact), in the abstract, that gun control would be “connected to efforts to increase state control,” and not once did these fraudsters actually oppose calls for the capitalist government to control firearms. As for demands to ban assault weapons and high-capacity magazines, they remark positively that “such measures would possibly limit casualties when school shootings and other murderous rampages occur” (while noting that the measures can’t deal with the underlying social crisis that produces these incidents). They did, however, make sure to include one of their signature anti-Marxist positions – equating any opposition to special oppression with “identity politics.”
Saying that “millions” participated in the March 24 protests “out of a profound sense that something is terribly wrong with an American society so marred by extreme violence and a degraded political and cultural life,” the WSWS writes: “This explodes the official narrative of the Democratic Party, according to which the American population should be chiefly concerned with questions of racial and gender identity.” And: “When student speakers in cities like Chicago and Los Angeles shed light on the extreme violence and police repression in impoverished African-American and Latino neighborhoods, they did so without presenting the violence in chiefly racial terms.” Not only does WSWS pretend the Democrats were outside interlopers in a wave of demonstrations against U.S. imperialism, they also pretend that cop repression against blacks and Latinos is not “chiefly racial.”
Nowhere in the WSWS coverage of the post-Parkland mobilizations does the word “racist” appear! Nor, for that matter, does the word “cop.” To be “color-blind” in racist capitalist America is to whitewash the masters of industry and commerce and to mask one of the central mechanisms they use keep their wage slaves in thrall. In the United States, exposing, denouncing and combating racism in the fight for black emancipation from racial oppression is key to the revolutionary struggle, as it has been ever since the days of chattel slavery, the very foundation on which the American capitalist republic was built, North and South.
While the various social-democratic reformists shamelessly fall all over themselves to get with the “movement” of the day, Left Voice is more shamefaced. The U.S. outlet of the Internet media apparatus of the Fracción Trotskista (FT), a right-centrist current, Left Voice laments not being able to join its DSA, ISO and SAlt cohorts in wholeheartedly praising the gun control marches. So it does so half-heartedly. In typical tailist fashion, it praises how “massive mobilizations of young people around the country shake up the political scene and demonstrate an opening for transgressive actions and left politics.” It’s just that there’s this little problem, namely “what ‘gun control’ has meant for Black people in America” and because it would mean “to rally for the largest mass murderer in the world – the US government – to hold all the weapons” (“I Really Want to, But I Can’t Entirely Support the Walkouts,” Left Voice, 15 March).
These centrists (pseudo-revolutionary in word, reformist in deed) are in a quandary. They really, really want to “praise this new youth movement” which is “based on legitimate and progressive indignation,” and “spontaneously arose in high schools around the country.” But its program is for gun control. How to wiggle out of that? Concocting a story about the “movement” being at a “crossroads,” they present a fantasy scenario to justify tailism. It’s classic for this current derived from the followers of the “political chameleon” of pseudo-Trotskyism in Argentina, Nahuel Moreno (1924-1987). Left Voice’s workaround is to propose an alternate program, to “take all of the strength and resolve we saw in the streets yesterday to go beyond the capitalist politicians” and to fight for “the immediate end to police in schools, … an end to police brutality against the Black community … to dismantle the border patrol and the paramilitary groups along the border who harass and brutalize immigrants, and … to end US imperialism and US wars and other attacks abroad” (“The Movement Against Gun Violence at a Crossroads,” Left Voice, 25 March).
So Left Voice would love to uncritically hail the Democratic Party-led marches for gun control – were they not about gun control. But, whatever, like the rest of the opportunist left, they chase after “the movement” anyway, because that’s what opportunists do. The fact is that the recent protests have raised no such demands, and they’re not about to, because the “new youth movement” is all about building support for the Democrats and increasing the power of the state – and thus it will increase police in the schools and increase police brutality against African Americans in particular. The effects will be mainly felt on the mean streets of the inner cities and not so much in the leafy white suburbs where the movement “spontaneously” started (and where, incidentally, almost all mass school shootings take place).
It takes some verbal gymnastics for the various opportunist groups, each in its own way, to rebrand the liberal marches for gun control as some kind of movement for radical change. But for groups that hailed “democratic socialist” Bernie Sanders as he ran for the Democratic Party nomination, and who then embraced Democratic-led “women’s marches,” it shouldn’t be too hard to throw their arms around a Democratic Party-led “youth movement.” It’s called class collaboration, the opposite of class struggle. Rather than leading to radicalization, this serves to head it off, or co-opt it, channeling discontent back into the safe bounds of bourgeois politics.
A real fight against the presence of cops in the schools, against police brutality and murder of black people, against anti-immigrant repression and deportations, and against fascistic paramilitaries and fascists, would require, first of all, a sharp break with the Democratic Party, and all capitalist parties. And it requires exposing the real meaning of racist, anti-worker, pro-cop gun control. But don’t expect that from outfits whose whole raison d’être (reason for being) is to be the tail on the Democratic donkey. Lenin had their number over a century ago: in What Is To Be Done? (1903) he called it khvostism (tailism).
The Camp Followers
All the flim-flam, all the reservations, the alternate programs and alternative facts about the protests, trying turn them into something they weren’t, are just a fig leaf to hide what’s going on here. The various groups have their different formulas, but they all come down to would-be radicals opportunistically tailing after (and helping build) liberal movements in hopes of winning over some activists. But Trotskyists seek to build leadership for a revolution, and the first step is to “tell the truth to the masses, no matter how bitter.” The truth is that a struggle for revolution is counterposed to this “movement” for gun control and for the Democratic Party of imperialist war, mass deportations and racist police terror.
Since the whole opportunist operation depends on talking out of both sides of your mouth, naturally some take it to ludicrous extremes. The Workers World Party (WWP), for example, saw in the March for Our Lives a “shadow” of the May 1963 march in Birmingham, Alabama where “thousands of Black school children, some as young as six years old, marched and defied police dogs, fire hoses and police beatings to protest the violence of racist segregation.” Did you see any of that on March 24? What we saw was police marching with the protesters. WWP admitted that “Gun control laws are historically known to disproportionately affect Black and Brown people.” WWP’s solution? “The cops should be disarmed” (“Ending Gun Violence – A Radical Call,” Workers World, 26 March). By you and whose army, one might ask. The idea of police being disarmed in violent, racist American capitalism is pure liberal/reformist utopianism. Nothing short of socialist revolution will take guns out of the hands of bourgeois police.
The Progressive Labor Party (PLP) promotes an idiosyncratic brand of Stalinism that puts a far-left veneer on day-to-day reformist politics, with results that often sound like political schizophrenia. Thus the PLP accurately described the gun control marches as “orchestrated by liberals in the ruling class” who “channel workers’ natural horror at mass shootings into an embrace of the Democratic Party” (“Expose Bosses’ Dead-End Reform – Masses of Students Walk Out Against Capitalist Violence,” Challenge, 23 March). So what to do? Why, join the movement, of course: “As a revolutionary communist party, PLP is tasked with joining the top-down reform ‘movements’ the ruling class seeks to launch and control, and then to lead workers and youth to break out of the box of dead-end electoral ‘solutions’ presented by capitalist misleaders.” The PLP used the same political double-talk in 2008 when they simultaneously called Obama a “fascist” in the pages of Challenge and printed glowing reports about their members campaigning for him. So PLP rounded up votes for a capitalist Democrat. Some “revolutionary communists”!
Finally, for comic relief, we have the League for the Revolutionary Party (LRP), heirs of the anti-Trotskyist renegade Max Shachtman, which has had a rather sporadic existence of late. The LRP calls for “Solidarity with the Student Protests Against the NRA and Republican Merchants of Death!” Yet in the next breath it declares: “But Beware – Some Gun Controls Would Leave Working-Class and Oppressed People Vulnerable to Violence” (LRP statement, 8 April) Some? That is the very purpose of gun control, as history shows. The LRP’s call to “Defend the Right to Bear Arms and Organize Self-Defense” is contradicted by its calls on the capitalist state to regulate firearms. It “demand[s] that the capitalist state enforce” in particular “limitations on access to weapons” for “anyone with a history of anti-social violence.”
This is the age-old social-democratic concept that the state can be pressured to serve the working people, rather than the reality, that it is the organ of repression to enforce the interests of the ruling class. This state is the biggest purveyor of anti-social violence. The LRP then takes this suicidal illusion to even more absurd heights, echoing the ISO in demanding that “All gun owners be licensed, including that the state provide training and test applicants’ competency in weapons’ use and storage, just like applicants for drivers’ licenses are tested.” First off, the issue of arms ownership is not about technical competence, like the ability to drive a car safely, it is a basic democratic right. And to call on the capitalist government to license and train gun owners is a guarantee that African American, Latino and working people in general will be disproportionately denied this basic right.
This is particularly ridiculous coming from the mouths of the LRP, which strongly defended (and distorted) Leon Trotsky’s “proletarian military policy” (PMP) that on the eve of WWII called for “military training under trade-union control.” We hold that this was a mistaken policy under a stable capitalist regime, where it amounts to training for a bourgeois army. The LRP cynically cited the PMP to justify denouncing opposition to the draft with the argument that leftists “prefer” a conscripted imperialist army to a volunteer one, whereas Trotsky wrote: “Conscription? Yes. By the bourgeois state? No.” But now the LRP calls for weapons training under the control of the capitalist state – confirming our conclusion that “The LRP’s policy … would make them facilitators of imperialist militarism.”8 If, in Daniel De Leon’s memorable phrase, sellout union bureaucrats are the labor lieutenants of capital, the LRP social democrats would be non-com recruiting sergeants for capitalist repression – in this case concretely for Trump’s call to arm teachers.
The mobilizations “against gun violence” following the February 14 school massacre in Parkland, Florida have had a polarizing effect on the left. We have gone into the arguments of several tendencies at some length because one can see the real politics of opportunist left groups in their scrambling to latch onto a “movement” firmly controlled by the Democratic Party and explicitly committed to a program – gun control – that would increase the power of the capitalist state. The fact is that almost the entire left fell into line to get a piece of the post-Parkland action. Social democrats and Stalinists, reformists and centrists of all stripes stuck to the “movement” like the north and south poles of a magnet. In contrast, genuine Trotskyists stand for the right to bear arms and call gun control by its proper name – racist.
The Internationalist Group intransigently defends the right of self-defense – calling in particular for the right of armed black self-defense against racist attack – and opposes gun control by the capitalist state. We seek to build workers defense groups to counter the rise of violent racist and outright fascist forces in the shadow of the Trump regime. With outbreaks of class struggle on the one hand and never-ending racist repression on the other, the working class and the oppressed more than ever need a leadership that points the way to victory. The “left” that plays into the hands of the Democratic Party can only lead to defeat. The fight against the real sources of violence against poor, oppressed and working people – the poverty, racism and war spawned by capitalism in its putrefying imperialist stage – can only be waged by forging a revolutionary workers party against all the parties of capital. ■
For the sordid history of these “democratic socialists,” see the Internationalist pamphlet DSA: Fronting for the Democrats (February 2018). To order, send $5 (postage included) to Mundial Publications, Box 3321, Church Street Station, New York, NY 10008, or e-mail [email protected].
Stevens authored the Court decision okaying states requiring governmental photo IDs for voting, and voted to overturn the moratorium on executions resulting from Furman v. Georgia (1972), thus reinstating racially discriminatory death penalty laws.
The Jacobins under Maximilien Robespierre were the left wing of the French revolutionary governments, holding power in 1793-94 after sidelining the right-wing Girondins and before being overthrown by the Thermidorian reaction.
See “There are now more guns than people in the United States,” Washington Post, 5 October 2015.
See “ISO: ‘Fresh Air Fiends’ of Class Collaboration,” The Internationalist, December 2015.
See “Portland Labor Mobilizes to Stop Fascist Provocation,” and “How Do You Spell Class Collaboration? ISO,” in The Internationalist No. 48, May-June 2017.
See “Killer Cops, White Supremacists: Racist Terror Stalks Black America,” The Internationalist No. 40, Summer 2015.
See on the LRP and PLP, “Which Side Are they On? Opportunists Straddle the Class Line,” The Internationalist No. 21, Summer 2005.
https://archive.is/UnyVR
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2018.05.03 16:50 FinnagainsAwake “Socialists” Chase After Anti-Gun Movement (Internationalist) April 2018

Aiding and Abetting the Capitalist Democratic Party “Socialists” Chase After Anti-Gun Movement
The cynical exploitation of traumatized youth by the Democratic Party to further its agenda of gun control has provided an X-ray into the politics of a panoply of left groups. When key sectors of the most powerful ruling class in the world want to disarm the populace, slashing a key democratic right in order to leave the oppressed defenseless, how do socialists respond? In the last few weeks, as high-minded liberals, big-city police chiefs and Democratic mayors (“the bosses of the racist killer cops”) push for gun control, almost the entire U.S. left has marched in lockstep with them. Why? Because they are chasing after the young marchers who have been enrolled in this campaign to bolster the repressive apparatus of the capitalist state.
As revolutionary Marxists, we oppose any and all efforts by the bourgeois government to infringe on the right of workers and oppressed people, and the population in general, to “keep and bear arms,” which is vital to self-defense. The bourgeoisie’s rule is made possible in large part by its ability to perpetrate violence against those it rules over, which is why it wants a disarmed populace. Gun control has historically been used to disarm black people and intensify racist repression going back to the time of chattel slavery. Today gun control is enforced by racist police dragnets in impoverished black and brown inner-city neighborhoods, along with the system of mass incarceration.
In the flood of gushing coverage by the left press of the protests following the February 14 Parkland, Florida school massacre, this elemental truth about the U.S. is whitewashed or ignored. For revolutionary Marxists, class criteria are key in judging any social phenomenon, along with Roman jurist Cicero’s watchword, cui bono? (who benefits?). But the pseudo-socialist left in the U.S. has degenerated to such a degree after decades of tagging along and lining up with liberal Democrats that when they see hundreds of thousands of young people marching in the street they reflexively start salivating, no matter what “the movement” is actually for.
The most outspoken support for the anti-gun movement comes from the Democratic Socialists of America and the hipster social democrats of Jacobin Magazine, the unofficial publication of the DSA’s “left wing.” The DSA was founded in 1982 as a pressure group and conduit for the Democratic Party, and continues to play that role today. It has fronted for U.S. imperialist-backed counterrevolution from Central America to Poland and beyond.1 The DSA’s first response to the Parkland massacre was an article titled “The Second Amendment is a Threat to Us All” (dsausa.org, 19 February). Following the contorted argument of the DSA, the Second Amendment “doesn’t actually grant” the “rights of citizens” to “keep and bear arms,” but only “addresses whether and by whom it can be infringed.”
Hello? These social democrats are saying that the federal government does have the constitutional right to infringe upon gun ownership, even though the Second Amendment explicitly says “the right of the people to keep and bear Arms shall not be infringed.” What part of “not” does the DSA not understand?
The article even offers the ruling class helpful advice on how best to overcome this unfortunate misunderstanding, with a proposal for a Twenty-Eighth Amendment repealing the Second Amendment and banning “the manufacturing, transportation or importation in or into any State, Territory, or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of pump-action, semi-automatic or automatic firearms.” Here they join with former U.S. Supreme Court justice John Paul Stevens2 who wants to abolish the Second Amendment altogether. This has long been a dream of the liberal establishment, which wants to limit the possession of dangerous (read: effective) firearms to “responsible agents” such as…the police and military.
Even more explicit is an article by DSA vice-chair Steve Max that reads like a passage out of a manual on Counterrevolution for Dummies, asserting that “There is No Second Amendment Right to a Gun,” (dsausa.org, 14 December 2013):
“We need to start saying loudly and strongly that if you want a military gun, go join the National Guard – they have one for you to use. Otherwise, government at all levels has the right to limit guns just as it does drugs, tobacco, gambling, alcohol, tainted meat and a host of other evils. There is simply no constitutional right to individual gun ownership.”
How grotesque! Never mind that the National Guard is called in to repress outraged masses, as in Baltimore in 2015, when protestors took to the streets over the cop murder of Freddie Gray. Or that in 1970 the Ohio National Guard opened fire on unarmed students protesting the Vietnam War at Kent State University, killing four – shortly followed by the police murder of two black students and wounding of twelve others at Jackson State in Mississippi. Or that National Guard units are being sent to the Mexican border to hunt down immigrants. None of this matters to the Democratic (Party) Socialists of America. They place full confidence in Uncle Sam’s armed and uniformed defenders.
As for the right-Girondists of the “Jacobin” clique,3 they argue in response to leftists who (correctly) say that gun control is racist, that it is necessary to “catch up with popular outrage” to “support robust gun control.” An article written by Nivedita Majumdar, a professor at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice and secretary of the Professional Staff Congress (the faculty and staff union at the City University of New York), declares:
“Progressives are right in highlighting the racism of the criminal justice system most glaringly manifested in police shootings of black and brown men, and they’re understandably concerned with the possibility [emphasis in original] of racialized gun control. But they tend to ignore the actuality of the state’s racialized neglect of the gun violence that disproportionately impacts communities of color. The failure of the state to safeguard black lives rarely factors into Left opposition to gun control.”
“The Socialist Case for Gun Control,” Jacobin, 26 February 2018
This whitewashes the racist nature of the U.S. “justice” system and denies the basics of the Marxist analysis of the state, which is essential for all those seeking to end racial oppression.
The “possibility” of “racialized” gun control? The main purpose of gun control has always been to keep guns out of the hands of African American, Latino and other oppressed groups. (See “Democrats Exploit School Shooting to Push Racist Gun Control” in this issue.) What Majumdar is calling for means stepped-up police repression to supposedly “safeguard black lives” precisely in those neighborhoods where the cops are notoriously violent and murderous. The state’s purpose is not to defend black people – its purpose is to repress the exploited and oppressed, as was the case in the government’s war on the Black Panther Party and as can be seen today as police kill more than three civilians a day, and a black person every 28 hours on average, year-in and year-out.
While reformist social-democratic supporters of capitalism call for police to seize guns in “communities of color,” revolutionary Marxists defend the right to form workers militias and the right to armed black self-defense. Like many “left” academics, Majumdar has bought into the myth of eternal bourgeois rule. Majumdar treats “the state” (never the capitalist state) as neutral and a possible ally, and any argument in favor of organized self-defense as “romanticized,” ludicrous and dangerous:
“The notion that today a civilian armory can hold its own against the military might of the state is absurd. And such romanticized notions, unchecked, can cause a lot of harm. Imagine the state response if Occupy or Black Lives Matter included the idea of armed defense or resistance. And also imagine what it would have done for the future of organizing.”
Or imagine instead what if civil rights workers in the Jim Crow South had not been protected by armed black residents exercising their Constitutional right to self-defense, as documented in many important and easily accessible accounts, from Robert F. Williams’ classic Negroes With Guns (1962) to We Will Shoot Back: Armed Resistance in the Mississippi Freedom Movement by Akinyele Umoja (2013) and This Non-Violent Stuff’ll Get You Killed: How Guns Made the Civil Rights Movement Possible (2014) by Charles Cobb.
Nobody would claim that in a frontal clash, small groups of people with light arms could effectively take on the enormous stock of heavy weaponry in the hands of the repressive forces of the capitalist rulers. The working class must rely on its own power, organization and proletarian methods of struggle. But in a country of 319 million people, the fact that there are an estimated 359 million firearms in the hands of civilians (2015 estimate)4 would give pause to a despotic government with, say, 5 million police and military at its disposal. The Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed not to benefit hunters, but to ensure that an armed population “would be able to repel the danger” of a standing army, as James Madison wrote in Federalist No. 46.
Plus today we have the danger of fascists, so far relatively small in number in the U.S. but still heavily armed, as we saw in Charlottesville last year, along with right-wing militias. Imagine, if you will, relying on the police to deal with the violent racists, either in the 1960s or today. Yet that suicidal policy is exactly what is called for by the “left” advocates of gun control. You might ask, how could any Marxist even imagine the police as a force that could safeguard black lives? The answer is, first, that the DSA and other social democrats are not Marxists, and second, that they push such an absurd and dangerous illusion because they seek to maintain and administer this capitalist state.
Social Democrats Embrace Gun Control, Lock, Stock and Barrel
If the Democratic (Party) Socialists of America long ago came to terms with being lap dogs, if not bloodhounds for U.S. imperialism, other social-democratic outfits tailing after the DSA like to keep up at least a pretence of a left façade. Hence we find them squirming as they embrace the Democrat-led gun control movement. They love “the movement” even though some may be a bit queasy about its program. But that is not an insurmountable problem for your accomplished opportunist. We will see below how they squared the circle between their current appetites and the longstanding revolutionary socialist opposition to gun control. In their different ways, they all give obeisance to the grandfather of modern reformism, Eduard Bernstein, who coined the motto: “The final goal is nothing, the movement is everything.”
The International Socialist Organization (ISO), political heirs of British ex-Trotskyist Tony Cliff, are past masters in this game. These professional ambulance chasers of the left are always on the lookout for whatever is moving and shaking in the streets or, more specifically, on campus; as to the political content, they’re not so picky. The ISO waxes lyrical about the “deeply inspiring” post-Parkland demos, which draw “a line in the sand – marked out by young people.” Back in 2008 when they wanted to climb on the Obama bandwagon, the ISO referred to the Democratic candidate’s campaign as “a breath of fresh air.”5 All these circumlocutions are just excuses for embracing “movements” led by one or another section of the bourgeoisie, pretending to push them ever so slightly to the left:
“By bringing the gun debate into the arena of social struggle, this new movement has the potential to develop a left wing that can take this issue out of the cul-de-sac of an unresolvable ‘safety vs. freedom’ clash – and instead start raising pointed questions about militarism, social alienation and the right-wing politics of paranoia….”
“Refusing to accept a society steeped in violence,” Socialist Worker, 22 February
ISO and other social democrats claim that youth led the way in post-Parkland protests. But as videos of March 24 “March for Our Lives” show, it was all about electing Democrats and gun control. (Time video)
By the time the March 24 “March for Our Lives” rolled around, the ISO had to recognize that the “new movement” was being politically led by the Democratic Party. Its article (“Youth lead the way in the March for Our Lives,” Socialist Worker, 30 March) admits that “Organizing and planning for the March 24 demonstrations came from mainstream organizations with direct connections to the Democratic Party.” But it adds: “In most cases, though, everything from the speeches at the front to the signs in the crowd and comments of demonstrators showed that the March for Our Lives mobilized people whose concerns go further than elections.” Actually, if you read the rest of the article, just about every snippet from one city after another shows that youth were fronting for a march about electing Democrats and gun control.
In an earlier article, Danny Katch, a leading ISO spokesman, conceded that gun control laws are used against black people: “Socialists have traditionally been wary about many of the policies that are labeled gun control measures. For one thing, many anti-gun measures implemented in cities like New York City and Chicago have further criminalized entire Black and Brown communities.” Katch even recognizes that, historically, the “American left has always had to organize its own self-defense against the Ku Klux Klan and other far-right groups.” (But these days, the ISO makes blocs with the mayor and police to oppose workers mobilization to stop the fascists.6) So what’s the solution, Danny? Here’s his answer:
“If a government agency were to take over gun training and licensing, that would also greatly undermine the primary recruiting tool of the NRA….
“Socialists can – and I think should – also support prohibiting the manufacture of weapons like the AR-15 semi-automatic rifle….”
“How do socialists take on gun fundamentalism?” Socialist Worker, 27 February 2018
So the ISO wants the bosses’ government, which it admits would use gun control laws against black and Latino people, to be in charge of training and licensing gun owners! Aside from expressing abject confidence in the capitalist state, this is a sure-fire formula to see that people who oppose or are the victims of racist repression are denied the right to own firearms as a means of self-defense. For good measure, Katch throws in the standard reformist demand calling for money for “books not guns.” But the capitalist war on public education and the U.S.’ predatory wars around the world are not a matter of budgetary priorities. Imperialism is capitalism in terminal decay, waging endless war as it rips up social programs and democratic rights. The ruling class wants gun control in order to reinforce the power of the capitalist state.
Next up is Socialist Alternative (SAlt), the U.S. section of the Committee for a Workers International (CWI). Like the rest of the social democrats, SAlt hails the “massive and historic movement” and the “bold initiative of the students in Parkland.” Recognizing the “attempts from the Democratic Party to channel this movement,” its response is to say “we sympathize with” the “understandable” desire of “many people … to vote the Republicans out in November.” To give a slight left veneer, SAlt claims that “for many” who participated in the March for Our Lives the “demand for gun control is just a start” in addressing a “broader social crisis”: “With a world in desperate need of change, the so-called ‘mass shooting’ generation is likely to become the mass movement generation” (“Student Revolt Shakes America,” Socialist Alternative, 27 March).
SAlt’s only caveat is to say that “the movement” would be “wise to remain independent of the Democratic Party establishment’s influence.” Meaning: Hillary Clinton no, Bernie Sanders OK. It embraces the demonstrations’ call to “ban the sale of all assault weapons,” adding the usual laundry list of reformist demands, including “tax the rich and big business to fully fund our schools.” An earlier article (“Parkland School Massacre: Youth Rise Up Against Violence & the NRA,” Socialist Alternative, 21 February) calls for “demilitarization of the police and the schools,” talking of “democratically elected committees to ensure the safety and wellbeing of all employees, students and parents” which “should have a controlling oversight over all measures pertaining to health and safety” while studiously avoiding the call for cops out of the schools.
This is no oversight, as SAlt and the CWI come out of the Militant tendency that for decades was embedded in the British Labour Party, and which pretends that police are “workers in uniform” rather than their real role as the armed fist of the capitalist state and the core of its repressive apparatus. They look back with nostalgia to the time in the early 1980s when Militant Labour ran the Liverpool City Council – that is, when they were the bosses of the police. And what exactly does SAlt’s call to “demilitarize the police” mean? Return to the pre-9/11 days when cops shot down black people with impunity, just as they do today, only without military gear? Just months ago, SAlt published an article titled “Is Gun Control the Solution to Gun Violence? A Socialist Analysis,” (Socialist Alternative, 5 December 2017) which recognized:
“Attempts at gun control have been an ongoing feature of U.S. and other capitalist societies…. Marxists have historically opposed such attempts to try to enforce the bourgeoisie’s desire for a monopoly of force.”
And today? The “socialist analysis” concludes: “While we strongly believe in the right of working people, racial minorities, and the oppressed to defend themselves against the violence of the bosses, the state or reactionary groups,” and “While defending our general theoretical position on the state – and not making any concession to liberal ideas that the state is neutral, we need to examine the question concretely under the current conditions, balance of forces, and consciousness.” So while historically, theoretically and generally defending the rights of working and oppressed people to self-defense, concretely our Labourite social democrats “support some gun control measures including mandating background checks on all gun sales.” Oh yes, they “have reservations about how background checks proposals are often written,” which “in practice means excluding a significant section of the black working class.” But those pious concerns are brushed aside.
Incredibly, Socialist Alternative argues that “limited gun control measures” are OK because, it says, “The only areas where there are forcible attempts by the police to disarm people are public housing projects in the inner cities.” Oh, well, if it’s “only” there then it can’t be so bad, is that it? Have these pseudo-Trotskyists never heard of “stop and frisk,” where hundreds of thousands of African American and Latino youth are stopped every year by the cops, just in New York, on the pretext of looking for “illegal guns” or drugs?! In fact, these “socialist” imposters are so pro-police that Seattle city councilwoman and leading SAlt figure Kshama Sawant praised the selection of a woman police chief as a “positive” move.7 Of course, the Seattle police kept on carrying out racist repression. In June 2017 they killed a pregnant black woman (in her apartment, in front of several children) who had called police to report a possible burglary.
As for the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, the house-broken social democrats of Socialist Alternative label it “ultra-left” and opine that “the brandishing of weapons, while being attractive to a minority of revolutionary black youth, was a serious mistake.” For shame! In its final sentence, SAlt’s article admits “Our position embodies a certain contradiction,” but blames that on having to “to operate within a capitalist framework.” The contradiction is only on paper. In practice, Socialist Alternative supports racist gun control. “Color-Blind” Economism and Centrism in the Service of the Democratic Party
The other branch of the former Militant tendency, the misnamed International Marxist Tendency (IMT), like the CWI, pretends that bourgeois police are workers and supports cop “strikes” (see “Her Majesty’s Social Democrats in Bed with the Police,” The Internationalist No. 29, Summer 2009). While the DSA, ISO and SAlt swoon over the movement for gun control, the IMT pretends that this is, at best, a peripheral demand of “the growing movement”:
“The most important aspect of these walkouts is that they have given voice to a range of social demands that have nothing to do with the typical gun-control debate that has prevailed in Washington and the media until now. For students living in cities with high rates of gun violence, safety in schools and working-class neighborhoods is a social question tied to jobs, housing, education funding, and more – and not something that can be entrusted to the armed bodies of the capitalist state.”
“USA: student walkouts reveal demands for broader change,” marxist.com, 22 March
But the walkouts were all about gun control, they arose in wealthy white suburbs not inner cities, they were run by the Democrats, and their demands would in fact strengthen the “armed bodies of the capitalist state” to carry out racist repression in hard-hit African American and Latino neighborhoods (something that is hardly mentioned in the IMT’s article).
Even more aggressively “color-blind” are the anti-union pseudo-socialists of the World Socialist Web Site, a/k/a the Socialist Equality Party, acolytes of David North (who for years was the CEO of a non-union printing company). In 15 articles enthusiastically praising the post-Parkland marches against gun violence, the “alternative facts” accounting of the marches by the WSWS paints the picture of a Democratic Party unsuccessfully attempting to steer the message of the demonstrations in support of gun control:
“While the Democrats intervened as much as they could to block demonstrators from drawing broader conclusions, protesters who spoke to the World Socialist Web Site … readily connected violence within the US to imperialist war and the social crisis.”
“The International Significance of the March for Our Lives demonstrations,” World Socialist Web Site, 26 March 2018
No doubt some demonstrators criticized aspects of U.S. imperialism, but the political demands of the “March for Our Lives” and the other “youth-led” protests are quite clear: gun control, and elect Democrats in November.
While criticizing the Democrats for trying to “limit discussion” to gun control, in 18,945 words on the protests the WSWS barely mentioned (twice, to be exact), in the abstract, that gun control would be “connected to efforts to increase state control,” and not once did these fraudsters actually oppose calls for the capitalist government to control firearms. As for demands to ban assault weapons and high-capacity magazines, they remark positively that “such measures would possibly limit casualties when school shootings and other murderous rampages occur” (while noting that the measures can’t deal with the underlying social crisis that produces these incidents). They did, however, make sure to include one of their signature anti-Marxist positions – equating any opposition to special oppression with “identity politics.”
Saying that “millions” participated in the March 24 protests “out of a profound sense that something is terribly wrong with an American society so marred by extreme violence and a degraded political and cultural life,” the WSWS writes: “This explodes the official narrative of the Democratic Party, according to which the American population should be chiefly concerned with questions of racial and gender identity.” And: “When student speakers in cities like Chicago and Los Angeles shed light on the extreme violence and police repression in impoverished African-American and Latino neighborhoods, they did so without presenting the violence in chiefly racial terms.” Not only does WSWS pretend the Democrats were outside interlopers in a wave of demonstrations against U.S. imperialism, they also pretend that cop repression against blacks and Latinos is not “chiefly racial.”
Nowhere in the WSWS coverage of the post-Parkland mobilizations does the word “racist” appear! Nor, for that matter, does the word “cop.” To be “color-blind” in racist capitalist America is to whitewash the masters of industry and commerce and to mask one of the central mechanisms they use keep their wage slaves in thrall. In the United States, exposing, denouncing and combating racism in the fight for black emancipation from racial oppression is key to the revolutionary struggle, as it has been ever since the days of chattel slavery, the very foundation on which the American capitalist republic was built, North and South.
While the various social-democratic reformists shamelessly fall all over themselves to get with the “movement” of the day, Left Voice is more shamefaced. The U.S. outlet of the Internet media apparatus of the Fracción Trotskista (FT), a right-centrist current, Left Voice laments not being able to join its DSA, ISO and SAlt cohorts in wholeheartedly praising the gun control marches. So it does so half-heartedly. In typical tailist fashion, it praises how “massive mobilizations of young people around the country shake up the political scene and demonstrate an opening for transgressive actions and left politics.” It’s just that there’s this little problem, namely “what ‘gun control’ has meant for Black people in America” and because it would mean “to rally for the largest mass murderer in the world – the US government – to hold all the weapons” (“I Really Want to, But I Can’t Entirely Support the Walkouts,” Left Voice, 15 March).
These centrists (pseudo-revolutionary in word, reformist in deed) are in a quandary. They really, really want to “praise this new youth movement” which is “based on legitimate and progressive indignation,” and “spontaneously arose in high schools around the country.” But its program is for gun control. How to wiggle out of that? Concocting a story about the “movement” being at a “crossroads,” they present a fantasy scenario to justify tailism. It’s classic for this current derived from the followers of the “political chameleon” of pseudo-Trotskyism in Argentina, Nahuel Moreno (1924-1987). Left Voice’s workaround is to propose an alternate program, to “take all of the strength and resolve we saw in the streets yesterday to go beyond the capitalist politicians” and to fight for “the immediate end to police in schools, … an end to police brutality against the Black community … to dismantle the border patrol and the paramilitary groups along the border who harass and brutalize immigrants, and … to end US imperialism and US wars and other attacks abroad” (“The Movement Against Gun Violence at a Crossroads,” Left Voice, 25 March).
So Left Voice would love to uncritically hail the Democratic Party-led marches for gun control – were they not about gun control. But, whatever, like the rest of the opportunist left, they chase after “the movement” anyway, because that’s what opportunists do. The fact is that the recent protests have raised no such demands, and they’re not about to, because the “new youth movement” is all about building support for the Democrats and increasing the power of the state – and thus it will increase police in the schools and increase police brutality against African Americans in particular. The effects will be mainly felt on the mean streets of the inner cities and not so much in the leafy white suburbs where the movement “spontaneously” started (and where, incidentally, almost all mass school shootings take place).
It takes some verbal gymnastics for the various opportunist groups, each in its own way, to rebrand the liberal marches for gun control as some kind of movement for radical change. But for groups that hailed “democratic socialist” Bernie Sanders as he ran for the Democratic Party nomination, and who then embraced Democratic-led “women’s marches,” it shouldn’t be too hard to throw their arms around a Democratic Party-led “youth movement.” It’s called class collaboration, the opposite of class struggle. Rather than leading to radicalization, this serves to head it off, or co-opt it, channeling discontent back into the safe bounds of bourgeois politics.
A real fight against the presence of cops in the schools, against police brutality and murder of black people, against anti-immigrant repression and deportations, and against fascistic paramilitaries and fascists, would require, first of all, a sharp break with the Democratic Party, and all capitalist parties. And it requires exposing the real meaning of racist, anti-worker, pro-cop gun control. But don’t expect that from outfits whose whole raison d’être (reason for being) is to be the tail on the Democratic donkey. Lenin had their number over a century ago: in What Is To Be Done? (1903) he called it khvostism (tailism).
The Camp Followers
All the flim-flam, all the reservations, the alternate programs and alternative facts about the protests, trying turn them into something they weren’t, are just a fig leaf to hide what’s going on here. The various groups have their different formulas, but they all come down to would-be radicals opportunistically tailing after (and helping build) liberal movements in hopes of winning over some activists. But Trotskyists seek to build leadership for a revolution, and the first step is to “tell the truth to the masses, no matter how bitter.” The truth is that a struggle for revolution is counterposed to this “movement” for gun control and for the Democratic Party of imperialist war, mass deportations and racist police terror.
Since the whole opportunist operation depends on talking out of both sides of your mouth, naturally some take it to ludicrous extremes. The Workers World Party (WWP), for example, saw in the March for Our Lives a “shadow” of the May 1963 march in Birmingham, Alabama where “thousands of Black school children, some as young as six years old, marched and defied police dogs, fire hoses and police beatings to protest the violence of racist segregation.” Did you see any of that on March 24? What we saw was police marching with the protesters. WWP admitted that “Gun control laws are historically known to disproportionately affect Black and Brown people.” WWP’s solution? “The cops should be disarmed” (“Ending Gun Violence – A Radical Call,” Workers World, 26 March). By you and whose army, one might ask. The idea of police being disarmed in violent, racist American capitalism is pure liberal/reformist utopianism. Nothing short of socialist revolution will take guns out of the hands of bourgeois police.
The Progressive Labor Party (PLP) promotes an idiosyncratic brand of Stalinism that puts a far-left veneer on day-to-day reformist politics, with results that often sound like political schizophrenia. Thus the PLP accurately described the gun control marches as “orchestrated by liberals in the ruling class” who “channel workers’ natural horror at mass shootings into an embrace of the Democratic Party” (“Expose Bosses’ Dead-End Reform – Masses of Students Walk Out Against Capitalist Violence,” Challenge, 23 March). So what to do? Why, join the movement, of course: “As a revolutionary communist party, PLP is tasked with joining the top-down reform ‘movements’ the ruling class seeks to launch and control, and then to lead workers and youth to break out of the box of dead-end electoral ‘solutions’ presented by capitalist misleaders.” The PLP used the same political double-talk in 2008 when they simultaneously called Obama a “fascist” in the pages of Challenge and printed glowing reports about their members campaigning for him. So PLP rounded up votes for a capitalist Democrat. Some “revolutionary communists”!
Finally, for comic relief, we have the League for the Revolutionary Party (LRP), heirs of the anti-Trotskyist renegade Max Shachtman, which has had a rather sporadic existence of late. The LRP calls for “Solidarity with the Student Protests Against the NRA and Republican Merchants of Death!” Yet in the next breath it declares: “But Beware – Some Gun Controls Would Leave Working-Class and Oppressed People Vulnerable to Violence” (LRP statement, 8 April) Some? That is the very purpose of gun control, as history shows. The LRP’s call to “Defend the Right to Bear Arms and Organize Self-Defense” is contradicted by its calls on the capitalist state to regulate firearms. It “demand[s] that the capitalist state enforce” in particular “limitations on access to weapons” for “anyone with a history of anti-social violence.”
This is the age-old social-democratic concept that the state can be pressured to serve the working people, rather than the reality, that it is the organ of repression to enforce the interests of the ruling class. This state is the biggest purveyor of anti-social violence. The LRP then takes this suicidal illusion to even more absurd heights, echoing the ISO in demanding that “All gun owners be licensed, including that the state provide training and test applicants’ competency in weapons’ use and storage, just like applicants for drivers’ licenses are tested.” First off, the issue of arms ownership is not about technical competence, like the ability to drive a car safely, it is a basic democratic right. And to call on the capitalist government to license and train gun owners is a guarantee that African American, Latino and working people in general will be disproportionately denied this basic right.
This is particularly ridiculous coming from the mouths of the LRP, which strongly defended (and distorted) Leon Trotsky’s “proletarian military policy” (PMP) that on the eve of WWII called for “military training under trade-union control.” We hold that this was a mistaken policy under a stable capitalist regime, where it amounts to training for a bourgeois army. The LRP cynically cited the PMP to justify denouncing opposition to the draft with the argument that leftists “prefer” a conscripted imperialist army to a volunteer one, whereas Trotsky wrote: “Conscription? Yes. By the bourgeois state? No.” But now the LRP calls for weapons training under the control of the capitalist state – confirming our conclusion that “The LRP’s policy … would make them facilitators of imperialist militarism.”8 If, in Daniel De Leon’s memorable phrase, sellout union bureaucrats are the labor lieutenants of capital, the LRP social democrats would be non-com recruiting sergeants for capitalist repression – in this case concretely for Trump’s call to arm teachers.
The mobilizations “against gun violence” following the February 14 school massacre in Parkland, Florida have had a polarizing effect on the left. We have gone into the arguments of several tendencies at some length because one can see the real politics of opportunist left groups in their scrambling to latch onto a “movement” firmly controlled by the Democratic Party and explicitly committed to a program – gun control – that would increase the power of the capitalist state. The fact is that almost the entire left fell into line to get a piece of the post-Parkland action. Social democrats and Stalinists, reformists and centrists of all stripes stuck to the “movement” like the north and south poles of a magnet. In contrast, genuine Trotskyists stand for the right to bear arms and call gun control by its proper name – racist.
The Internationalist Group intransigently defends the right of self-defense – calling in particular for the right of armed black self-defense against racist attack – and opposes gun control by the capitalist state. We seek to build workers defense groups to counter the rise of violent racist and outright fascist forces in the shadow of the Trump regime. With outbreaks of class struggle on the one hand and never-ending racist repression on the other, the working class and the oppressed more than ever need a leadership that points the way to victory. The “left” that plays into the hands of the Democratic Party can only lead to defeat. The fight against the real sources of violence against poor, oppressed and working people – the poverty, racism and war spawned by capitalism in its putrefying imperialist stage – can only be waged by forging a revolutionary workers party against all the parties of capital. ■
  1. For the sordid history of these “democratic socialists,” see the Internationalist pamphlet DSA: Fronting for the Democrats (February 2018).
  2. Stevens authored the Court decision okaying states requiring governmental photo IDs for voting, and voted to overturn the moratorium on executions resulting from Furman v. Georgia (1972), thus reinstating racially discriminatory death penalty laws.
  3. The Jacobins under Maximilien Robespierre were the left wing of the French revolutionary governments, holding power in 1793-94 after sidelining the right-wing Girondins and before being overthrown by the Thermidorian reaction.
  4. See “There are now more guns than people in the United States,” Washington Post, 5 October 2015.
  5. See “ISO: ‘Fresh Air Fiends’ of Class Collaboration,” The Internationalist, December 2015.
  6. See “Portland Labor Mobilizes to Stop Fascist Provocation,” and “How Do You Spell Class Collaboration? ISO,” in The Internationalist No. 48, May-June 2017.
  7. See “Killer Cops, White Supremacists: Racist Terror Stalks Black America,” The Internationalist No. 40, Summer 2015.
  8. See on the LRP and PLP, “Which Side Are they On? Opportunists Straddle the Class Line,” The Internationalist No. 21, Summer 2005.
https://archive.is/UnyVR
submitted by FinnagainsAwake to WorkersVanguard2 [link] [comments]


2018.02.09 18:55 OT-GOD-IS-DEMIURGE If You Want to Know where all this Identity Politics, Political Correctness, Snowflake Movement Came from, There Is a Historical Breakdown of it

I was curious to find out what happened to the left i.e., why did the left become inundated with identity politics (gender identity, race identity, political identity), calling others that dont agree with them as fascists, antifa, BLM, Safe Spaces, screaming, "But you're a white male," and that white people dont matter because white privilege, the anti-white movement, Political correctness, anti-free speech and all the stuff I started seeing in the last few years.
Just 2 years ago, I was a democrat, and left the party because of what I deem is the insanity that I mentioned above that the movement has gone into. I noticed that the majority of this was coming from the Universities, majority of which lean heavily and are majority left. I also noticed a lot of redittors (when I would ask where is all this coming from), would mention the Universities as the starting point. So I did some research:
This is not a theory nor is it discussing a theory. Its that factual existence of the Frankfurt school, what it taught, who was in it, and where they all went when many of them came to America and continued to teach the philosophy:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frankfurt_School
If you can find anything in the above link that is not true, post links/sources/rebuttals
This Is a historical description of the History of P.C. (Cultural Marxism) starting from the WW1 Marxist Theorists.: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EjaBpVzOohs
That YT Historical description, mentions the Russian Marxist Revolution of 1917:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Revolution
These ideals were championed most vociferously by Russia’s liberals, although populists, Marxists, and anarchists also claimed to support democratic reforms. A growing opposition movement had begun to challenge the Romanov monarchy openly well before the turmoil of World War I.
The political group that proved most troublesome for Kerensky, and would eventually overthrow him, was the Bolshevik Party, led by Vladimir Lenin. Lenin had been living in exile in neutral Switzerland and, due to democratization of politics after the February Revolution, which legalized formerly banned political parties, he perceived the opportunity for his Marxist revolution.
Which then led to:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir_Lenin
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bolsheviks
Here's a couple of the Cultural Marxist theorist leaders, and the mention of what happened to their students/followers:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Gramsci
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/György_Lukács
Lukács's followers were indicted for political crimes throughout the 1960s and 70s, and a number fled to the West. Lukács's books The Young Hegel and The Destruction of Reason have been used to argue that Lukács was covertly critical of Stalinism as an irrational distortion of Hegelian-Marxism.
Heads up pdf:
http://www.mediaaccess.hu/userspace/pdf_files/PoliticalCorrectOrigin.pdf
Under Lukacs, free thinking is a sin, program children via take over of the education system, teach sex education early, undermine the family system, Hegelian dialectic via division, separation and duality, political correctness, social justice. He's one of the Originators
This can all be also corroborated factually here
https://www.amazon.com/Dialectical-Imagination-Frankfurt-Institute-1923-1950/dp/0520204239
Frankfurt's School Max Horkheimer move Marxism into a Cultural war:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Horkheimer
Through critical theory (a social theory focusing on critiquing and changing society), Horkheimer "attempted to revitalize radical social, and cultural criticism" and discussed authoritarianism, militarism, economic disruption, environmental crisis and the poverty of mass culture.[5] Horkheimer helped to create Critical Theory through a mix of radical and conservative lenses that stem from radical Marxism and end up in "pessimistic Jewish transcendentalism"
Horkeimer then brings in:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodor_W._Adorno
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erich_Fromm
Fromm create's the "Left's Gender Identity Politics":
https://pages.gseis.ucla.edu/faculty/kellneIllumina%20Foldekell8.htm
Erich Fromm is one of the few members of the Frankfurt School who seriously engaged himself with theorizing the problems of gender and the differences between men and women. In certain ways, Fromm anticipated later attempts to produce a feminist Marxism and poststructuralist analyses of the socially constructed nature of gender. Yet Fromm's gender analysis was highly uneven and even contradictory, pointing to the difficulties in the subject matter and perhaps the difficulty in overcoming dominant male perspectives in analyzing the highly charged and conflicted issues of gender and sexuality.
The Herbert Marcuse joins the Frankfurt school:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Marcuse
He characterizes tolerance of repressive speech as "inauthentic." Instead, he advocates a form of tolerance that is intolerant of right wing political movements
Sound Familiar?
In 1930, the last 4 operatives I just mentioned, released "Critical Theory"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_theory
This is the basis for gay studies, womens studies, trans studies, and any/every "Studies" course you see in American education systems from High school through college/university. The point of "Critical theory" is to criticize something to such a degree that you destroy and break it down. Of course this also used for division and identity politics.
That brings us to David Horowitz
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Horowitz
Ex-Radical Marxist who was there, helping to get Cultural Marxism infiltrated into the Universities in the 60's. He has evidence, proof, and a variety of books published breaking it all down as well.
Cultural Marxism teaches via Horkheimer that:
Director of the Frankfurt School in 1930 Max Horkheimer said "the concept of logic is not “independent of content” meaning that if an argument is only logical if it helps destroy Western culture and illogical if it supports it. "
So how did the German Marxist get to America?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Institute_for_Social_Research
In 1933, after the rise of Hitler, the Institute left Germany for Geneva and then in 1934 moved to New York City. In New York it became affiliated with Columbia University, and its journal Zeitschrift für Sozialforschung was renamed Studies in Philosophy and Social Science. It was there that much of the important work of the Frankfurt School thinkers began to emerge, and the Institute's residence in New York was likely partly accountable for its work's favorable reception in American and English academia.
The focus of Marxists need to destroy Democracy, the Family, Culture, Capitalism, now found itself in NY
In 1950 Adorno publishes this:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Authoritarian_Personality
"invented a set of criteria by which to define personality traits, ranked these traits and their intensity in any given person on what it called the 'F scale' (F for fascist)."[1] The personality type Adorno et al. identified can be defined by nine traits that were believed to cluster together as the result of childhood experiences. These traits include conventionalism, authoritarian submission, authoritarian aggression, anti-intellectualism, anti-intraception, superstition and stereotypy, power and "toughness", destructiveness and cynicism, projectivity, and exaggerated concerns over sex.[2][3]
In the book, he says the majority of Americans have Fascist traits. Sound familiar? Antifa and the Left calling anyone who does not agree with them as "Fascists"
This book:
Though strongly criticized for bias and methodology,[4][5] the book was highly influential in American social sciences, particularly in the first decade after its publication: "No volume published since the war in the field of social psychology has had a greater impact on the direction of the actual empirical work being carried on in the universities today."[6]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Marcuse#Post_War
In 1952, Marcuse began a teaching career as a political theorist, first at Columbia University, then at Harvard University. Marcuse worked at Brandeis University from 1958 to 1965, then at the University of California San Diego until his retirement.
From there is spreads like cancer:
Marcuse was a friend and collaborator of the political sociologist Barrington Moore, Jr. and of the political philosopher Robert Paul Wolff, and also a friend of the Columbia University sociology professor C. Wright Mills, one of the founders of the New Left movement. In his "Introduction" to One-Dimensional Man, Marcuse wrote, “I should like to emphasize the vital importance of the work of C. Wright Mills.”[13]
The Books, Sex and Deviance By Guillaume Faye and Other Side of Sin, The: Woundedness from the Perspective of the Sinned-Against edited by Andrew Sung Park, Susan L. Nelson
Both discuss how Herbert Marcuse created the "Victim Group Mentality" in the minority, black, women's and gay groups as a way to unite them all under "victim hood"
MArcuse's https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eros_and_Civilization
Calls for sexual openness and freed, via polymorphous diversity. So basically, not longer being conservative, pro-creative, love, relationships, but narcissism and open sex with whoever, whenever, however
From an Ex-KGB Defector, how Cultural Marxism is already in place:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bX3EZCVj2XA
Side Note*
When you bring this up to people on the left, they scoff and say this whole thing is made up by a right wing blogger and that its not true. Even after I post all the links above, showing the history of this movement going back to WW2 and even prior to that, to the Bolsheviks, (there were no blogs/internet then)
submitted by OT-GOD-IS-DEMIURGE to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2018.01.21 22:58 invertedfractal Help with Defining Common Aff Arguments, CPs, DAs, and Ks.

Hi all,
I have compiled a list of Affs, CPs, DAs, and Ks that I am unfamiliar with and I was wondering if you guys could help me with a short description of their main arguments, advantages, impacts, etc. I am hoping to learn the basic arguments of all of the following Affs, CPs, DAs, and Ks, and as each term is defined I will take it off this list.
Also, I was wondering which of these arguments are commonly used, as I would like to prepare answers to these arguments according to their frequency of use.
Here's the list:
AFF ARGUMENTS-
Abolition Pedagogy Aff- Civic Education Aff- Climate Literacy Aff- Common Core Aff- Computer Science Education Aff- CTE Aff- Cultural Competency Aff- Cyber Aff- DC Voucher Aff- Deleuze Pedagogy Aff- Desegregation Aff- Disability Aff- Disruption Aff- Dress Code Aff- Economy Aff- Educational Commons Aff- Environmental Education Aff- Farm to School Aff- Federal Prisons Aff- Freirean Dialogue Aff - Grants Aff - ICE Aff - Ingraham vs. Wright Aff - Lunches Aff - Militarism Aff - Military Impact Aid Aff - Military Recruitment Aff - Milliken Aff- Model Minority Aff- Myth of the Model Minority Aff - National Standards Aff - Native American Education Aff - Native Funding Aff - Native Immersion - Natives Aff - Natives Education Aff - Necropolitics Aff - NSF Aff - Physics Aff- Plenary Powers Aff- Radical Convivial Ed Aff- Radical Thought Aff- REHY Sex Ed Aff- Reparations Aff- Reschooling Aff- Rodriguez Aff- Rodriguez Funding Aff- Rural Education Aff- School Discipline Aff- School Lunches Aff- Settler Colonialism Aff- Sex Education Aff- Social Emotional Learning Aff- STEM Aff- Teacher Tenure Aff- Title 1 Aff- Title 1 Financing Aff- Trans-Bathroom Access Aff- Undocumented Immigrants Aff- Vaccines Aff- Visa Aff- Vouchers Aff- Wake Work Aff- Zelman Aff- Zero Tolerance Policies Aff-
CP'S-
Competitive Grants CP- Courts CP- Encouragement CP- Experimental CP- Free Market CP- Gender Neutral Bathroom CP- Immigration Advantage CP Incentives CP- Judicial Grounds CP Privatization CP Regulation CP- Research CP- School Choice CP- Tax Credit Scholarships CP- Tribal Funding CP
DA's-
Common Core DA- Competitiveness Bad DA- Court Clog DA- Court Legitimacy DA- Courts Politics DA- Curriculum Tradeoff DA- Debt Ceiling DA- Decoloniality DA- DeVos DA- DOE DA- Gainful Employment Tradeoff DA- Horse Trading DA- Humanities DA- Impeachment DA- Infrastructure Politics DA- Interest Rates DA- Judicial Capital DA- Judicial Capital Gerrymandering DA- Loan Shift DA- Midterms DA- Oil DA- Politics - Trump Base - DA Politics Debt Ceiling DA Reform Fatigue DA Spending DA-
Ks-
Abolition K- Critical Race Theory K- Cybernetics K- Deschooling K- Disability K- Educational Futurism K- Eurocentrism K - Feminism K- Feminism Pedagogy K- Hauntology K- Heidegger K- Hip-Hop Pedagogy K- Ideology K Lab Achievement Gap K Model Minority K Necropolitics K Neoliberalism K- Objectivism K Psychoanalysis K Queer Delinquents K Queerness K Rights K- Schopenhauer K Secularism K- Settler Colonialism K- Settlerism K- Speed K- Technocracy K Techno-Orientalism K- Totalizing the West K- Undercommons K-
Thanks!
submitted by invertedfractal to policydebate [link] [comments]


2017.12.31 05:27 AHedgeKnight Dev Diary VII: Götterdämmerung - Part I

Dev Diary VII: Götterdämmerung
Welcome back to possibly our largest dev diary yet for The New Order: Last Days of Europe. This diary, fittingly titled Götterdämmerung after the last of Richard Wagner’s cycle of four dramas, ending with the destruction of the Gods, will go over the German Reich and its situation in 1962 and its descent into madness.
Germany in 1962 has become an unmanageable hell for the Reichstag. In the aftermath of the 50’s Crash, the economy remains absolutely frozen. The German does not work anymore, despite meager attempts by the government to encourage a return to the factories and the army, as the massive slave caste has taken up the mantle of running almost the entirety of German industry. A pyrrhic victory against the resurgent West Russian Revolutionary Front led to the frontier being pushed back west, and the German military withdrawing from many of its eastern posts.
Now, defense of the colonies is mostly left to native SS divisions, but that has not stopped the Heer from receiving more and more funding, the bubble growing further as money seems to be printed just to enter the military and promptly disappear. Despite spending possibly the most on its military out of any nation, even with the weakest economy of the world superpowers, the German military is increasingly outdated, inefficient and rebellious, and like the industry of Germany, has grown increasingly reliant on foreign SS divisions to carry the heavy weight.
If these were not enough issues, the youth of Germany have been in open revolt for months. With the black market out of control and the economy increasingly reliant on it, the youth have become inspired to battle the regime in the streets, demanding an end to the slave system, an end to political repression, the abandonment of the frontiers, and so much more. Despite having been grown on the spoils of these systems, it seems a generation of Germans would now rather see their own safety net burned out from under them.
And even without the youth rebelling, the greatest threat to Germany dwells within. With the German SS under Heydrich acting as little more than a front for Himmler’s own ambitions, the SS has become increasingly rebellious. Secret arms caches have been built up around the country, and the SS has increasingly segregated itself from the rest of the military, keeping to its own bases and plotting unknown plots.
The SS itself is increasingly divided as well, with the drafted SS enlistees from the colonies more and more removed from their command in the west, many of the power players in the Reich have been attempting to court their commanders to their side to give them an edge. Often, they work as little more than mercenaries for the highest bidder, using these regiments as tools in the byzantine political game that is the Reich.
And what a game it is. German politics are hardly stable, but the government has managed to corral its thousands of issues somewhat until 1962, during the celebrations of the German moon landing, where a series of events shook Germania to its core:
https://i.imgur.com/DPeWT5R.png
The Führer has no heir, and the attack against him has shown this more fully than any event before. If Hitler is to die, there is nobody to replace him, and even while he lives, the dogs nip at each other, vying for whatever power they can grab.
In the Reich, four have announced their bid to the candidacy.
Speer, leading a coalition of liberals, moderates, and dissenters against the regime, has become the face of the growing student protests. Crowds around the nation chant his name, ‘Speer jetzt!’ has been a rallying cry, as more and more put their faith into Speer as the one who will finally bring positive reform and change to the Reich.
However, Speer may have popular support in the youth, but elsewhere he is left wanting. The past generations and those who rule in the Reichstag in the military have firmly refused to allow Speer anywhere near power, and claim that the Führer’s favoritism to him is nothing besides foul manipulation on his part. While he has gathered a small scion of support in the military and the government, it is too little for many to consider him having a strong chance at winning.
The choice lies with the Führer however, and little can truly claim to have knowledge of what Hitler plans on doing at any one moment.
https://i.imgur.com/52Q8vKc.png
The next choice, and most obvious for most, is Bormann. A strict conservative, Bormann has appealed to the masses by claiming there is no real threat to Germany at all. The military is stronger than ever, the Reich spans from west to east, and the faults in the economy are nothing besides the foul manipulations of the many enemies to the Reich, from the Americans and Japanese to the untermensch and the bankers.
Bormann has the widest base of support in the Reich. Most Germans simply want stability, and Bormann, the great negotiator, claims to have the means to give them this. Further support can be found across the Reich, as Bormann has won over the majority of the Reichskommissars and the various puppet masters of Europe.
Not only has Bormann won the politicians, but the military has drifted towards him as well. While split very closely between him and Göring, the military nonetheless has taken to his call for even further military spending and claims that the armed forces of the Reich are already almighty have resonated with the soldiery.
While Bormann seems to have the best shot at winning the Reich, that does not make him a good candidate. Many have pointed out that Bormann seems to have no economic plans, and his diplomatic ideas seem to mostly involve unending bluster and forcing arguably stronger powers in the Cold War to bend to Germany’s wims as they did once before.
However, a lack of any good policy or sanity in the administration has never stopped Germans before, and many who don’t even agree with Bormann have sided with him out of pure survivalism.
https://i.imgur.com/4kxUhtb.png
Of course, he and Speer are not the only ones vying for power, Göring has also announced his bid and has split most of his support with Germany. While Bormann claims the military needs little if any reform and bold posturing against the world will show others Germany’s might, Göring has taken it a step further.
Bold military adventures and the return of what made Germany great: war! Göring has promised all that the world will see the iron fist of the Wehrmacht once more if they do not dare bend to the will of the Reichstag. Has has already specifically called out the neutral nations of Europe, who have not been forced under the Reich’s will: Switzerland, Sweden, the Balkans, all of these tumors in the heart of Europe must be purged for the greater will of the Reich.
The Reichskommissars, increasingly rebellious and distant? Bombing campaigns will show them they shouldn’t dare to threaten their betters. America and Japan, ever growing stars threatening the glory of Germany? An army matched by no others will show them that they should fear the great Reich.
The ailing economy? Simple, Germany once found its power in war, and it would be simple to do so yet again, what worked once can simply work again. And the students and rioters in the streets? A bullet proves to be the most efficient negotiator that the government has ever employed.
Many have pointed out that an unending state of war across the world may not exactly be the greatest idea for a world seemingly on the verge of nuclear war, and that blowing the military bubble up further may quite possibly pull the plug on Germany’s economy, but why would anyone listen to such nonsense when they could simply sing a marching hymn and remember the glory days of the Reich?
Göring’s support is as widespread as Bormann’s. While Bormann has captured those idealists who like to believe Germany is just as great as ever, Göring has captured the extremists of this ideal, and the military especially. A soldier spoils for nothing more than a good fight, and Göring has promised that more so than anyone else.
https://i.imgur.com/WmrGQeq.png
And finally, there is the dark horse in this competition.
Reinhard Heydrich.
The Hangman. The Butcher of Prague. The Young Evil God of Death, and more relevantly, Himmler’s Evil Genius. While he came close to death in the 40’s after an unsuccessful attempt on his life by Czech partisans, he has used the attack as a learning experience, and increased his brutality ten fold. So feared and reviled that even the rest of the Nazi party seems to fear him, few expected Heydrich, openly known for being a puppet to Himmler and widely hated, to ever reach such heights.
But with guile, politicking, and a string of mysterious deaths, Heydrich was able to usurp control of the entirety of the German wing of the SS. Slowly, he has gathered more and more power around himself, creating a cabal of the furthest right and utterly extremist that the Reich has to offer. Like the others, he has placed his bid for candidacy as well, obviously on the behest of Himmler, like most of his actions.
While he has no real support, even less than Speer, the SS is beholden to him. While most of the German military has degraded, the SS has continued its strict training regime in preparation for whatever Himmler and Heydrich have planned. In addition, the foreign SS units which the Reichskommissars have grown reliant on are equally split, their commanders equally having pledged loyalty to Göring, Bormann and Heydrich.
Heydrich does not run on policy, he does not run on sense, he runs because he has been ordered to do so. Few expect him to have any real bid to the candidacy, but perhaps it won’t be political minds that decide the fate of Germany…
https://i.imgur.com/BmlzKzB.png
No matter who is chosen as the next leader of the Reich, the line has been drawn. The candidates openly despise each other, deriding one another at every turn, and the decision will only further radicalize the opposition, no matter who is chosen.
The wheels turn in Germany, and the situation only seems to be getting worse,
https://i.imgur.com/uhCNY1n.jpg
And worse
https://i.imgur.com/Phy2dG7.jpg
And worse
https://i.imgur.com/wtKCBMp.jpg
Some of these situations will be managed with the upcoming variable system in Cornflakes, allowing things like the militarization of the SS, the unrest of the students and the organization of the slaves to be monitored and spiral out of control:
https://i.imgur.com/RgyXRTk.jpg
But all of these things are simply too much for the fragile German government to manage. The only thing keeping the nation alive for now seems to be the mutual respect of the Führer, and as long as Hitler is alive, Germany may just remain alive. On a knife’s edge, but alive.
https://i.imgur.com/YadKyWK.png
Of course, this is not meant to be. And Germany is going down.
https://i.imgur.com/xS4JZtm.jpg
The nation has descended in a death spiral, there is fighting in the streets, gunshots are starting to echo across the country. It seems that Germany may have finally gone over the tipping point.
https://i.imgur.com/cz8fkBJ.png
There will be no negotiation. There will be no understanding. There will be no peace. This is war, only one man can lead the Reich, no matter what the Führer wished, and all others and their treasonous supporters must die for the good of the Reich.
https://i.imgur.com/aqSMI8y.png
The lines are drawn as the various pretenders to the throne of Europe’s largest empire all rush to their largest bases of support. Each side represents a unique threat to the others, whether it’s Bormann and his massive support in the military, Göring and his fellow supporters in the military as well as control of the Luftwaffe, Heydrich and his elite SS divisions and endless funding from Burgundy, or Speer and his wide breadth of support across the entire Reich.
The German Civil War is a brutal affair. There is little mercy in the hearts of the contenders, and each side has enlisted the entirety of their possible supporters to their cause. Men, women, and even the children must fight in this final battle.
The Reichskommissars are equally split, many professing loyalty to the various sides, mainly Bormann, or declaring neutrality. With the fall of central authority, many others have used this as their chance to finally break free of the Reich, or to settle old scores with each other and Germany proper.
https://i.imgur.com/XwQ6sLe.jpg
Support across the world has come funneling in as well, and not just from Burgundy. The United States, Japan, and numerous other countries have a role to play in the future of Germany. The favorite of most of the international community is Speer, who is seen as the best chance for the Reich to avoid a nuclear war, but some support has also found its way going to Bormann, hoping his administration will kill the Reich more readily than any war.
While the four contenders begin their quest to burn Germany in their name, the Reichstag is in chaos. Those who support one side or another, the majority of the politicians, have rushed off to join their masters. The police and local garrisons in Germania have managed to lockdown the city and its surrounding suburbs, despite skirmishes, and have declared martial law, already digging in and preparing to keep the capital safe at any cost.
https://i.imgur.com/VFquA9X.jpg
The widespread chaos across the nation has inspired those few in the military still neutral to mobilize. They have rallied behind two figures, conservatives Hans Spiedel and his former commander, Erwin Rommel, who have taken control of the garrison in Germania and brought their men to the city, declaring much of central Germany a neutral zone.
From Germania, they have taken whatever control remains of Germany outside of the homeland. The bases in Crimea, the neutral Reichskommissars, and the various embassies across the world.
At the beginning of the war, Spiedel and his men start neutral to the rest of the pretenders and in control of Germania, but as the war goes on and one side begins taking power, their area of control can slowly recede until it is only Germania proper. If one side becomes dominant, or if any become desperate enough, they can try attacking Spiedel’s forces and taking control of Germania, despite the possibilities of destroying the city. If one side chooses to do this, the others may panic and jump on Spiedel and his men in order to ensure Germania remains out of the others hands.
If nobody goes to war against Spiedel and defeats their opponents, Spiedel will choose whether to lay down his arms and welcome the victory or continue resisting this new authority, depending on the contender, but normally weighted towards the former.
There is too much to go into the entirety of the Civil War here, it can quite possibly be its own diary. But let’s look past the Civil War, and go over the trees for two of the possible leaders of Germany. Speer, and Bormann.
Speer’s Reich:
https://i.imgur.com/xvXiScg.png
Speer had every obstacle in front of him, whether it be the hatred coming from the establishment of the Reichstag or his rebellion beginning his biggest rival with Heydrich, but against the odds he has prevailed. Speer’s enemies are dead or imprisoned or fled abroad, and besides a few of the most zealous holdouts and Reichskommissars, all have recognized the authority of the new Führer in the Reichstag.
https://i.imgur.com/eFFFeJP.png
Speer’s enemies are still legion, however, and the problems ailing Germany have not gone away with an apocalyptic war. However, in power, he has radical plans on how to save Germany from her woes. The government must go left, it must throw off its outdated trappings, it must reform its military and it must cut off the chaff.
https://i.imgur.com/xCxt9KR.png
First, Speer must begin reorganizing the nation to recover from the fallout of the war. While Bormann and Göring have similar sized trees, this is only half of Speer’s recovery effort that he must undertake (more on that later). For now, he must restore order to the anarchy that has enveloped Germany, begin purifying the military of his opponents, and begin bringing stability to the nation.
Speer can not risk mass purges of his rivals, simply too much of Germany was opposed to him in the war to do so. In order for his administration to survive, it will have to treat with many who stood against it. This means that Speer’s path is fraught with danger, too rapid reform will bring resistance, and one can only imagine what would happen if he infuriates his colleagues enough to bring unrest back to Germany.
Once this is done, Speer begins his tree proper. Starting with the military.
https://i.imgur.com/gFKuZZW.jpg
Speer has possibly the smallest military tree of the four players, matching his ideas of a smaller, more focused Wehrmacht.
https://i.imgur.com/NUymVu6.png
First, he must reform the branch most against him, the Heer. The Heer’s commanders are still openly rebellious against their new master, refusing to be led by a more pacifistic leader who openly speaks of cutting the massive military budget the Reich has built up over the years. Further purges will be necessary, and much of the tree is focused around building up a new and more loyal officer corps.
In addition, Speer can unify the multitude of bodyguard units into a more elite and well prepared force, instead of a smattering of mercenaries constantly squabbling for favor, and use this to begin establishing a new era of the German Special Forces, able to carefully and quickly execute the will of the government as needed.
The military can also either focus on mechanization or embracing the new era represented by the helicopter. The panzer fleet of Germany is already far too massive for its own good, proving to be more of a money sink than almost any other part of the armed forces, and in an era where Germany must move away from its focus on reliving the great, grand battles of the last war, has no place.
https://i.imgur.com/qT7qJJr.png
Speer also needs to redevelop the Kriegsmarine. The branch was the friendliest towards him during the war, though still primarily controlled by his rivals, and he can use these connections to try and quickly rebuild the Admiralty with more like minded individuals.
There are two main decisions to be made. Either scrapping the greatly outdated fleet or attempting to retrofit and redevelop it. The first option is the cheapest and can make it much easier for the Kriegsmarine to begin moving forward.
However, this would be controversial, not only among the Kriegsmarine and the conservatives but with the people. Throwing away the fleet would be a demoralizing blow to the people, in an era where Germany desperately needs victories and symbols to rally behind.
Still, no matter what is chosen, the navy needs a new focus. Whether scrapped or modernized, the navy must move away from its obsession with growing its fleet of battleships past imaginable levels. Like much of the German military, they have little place in the modern world and serve as nothing but a money trap. Instead, Speer can focus on either a modern carrier fleet to help Germany project its power overseas, or a submarine fleet to ensure more direct safety of European waters.
https://i.imgur.com/Lcz3cqa.png
The airforce has the greatest amount of variety. With a sharp ending of the Wunderwaffe programs, the funding of the Luftwaffe can be relocated to more pressing matters: focusing and developing its airfleet towards a more singular purpose and goal. The decision has to be made, will the Luftwaffe focus on interceptors and protecting the skies of Germany and the soldiers below? Improving the helicopter fleet and using it to multiply the effectiveness of the infantry? Or bombers, and begin an era of smarter, more focused bombing campaigns, with minimal collateral damage and a rapid destruction of those who threaten Germany.
Finally, the airforce will need to be focused on its new direction. The pilots will need to be retrained, the fleet rebuilt, and focus returned towards using the Luftwaffe’s budget for rebuilding the airfleet instead of squandering it on pet projects and the inane dreams of the Reichstag.
https://i.imgur.com/79yaYXq.jpg
Next, we will look at Speer’s political options, and how he will reshape the Reich.
https://i.imgur.com/EwjcjXa.png
Before he can do this, however, he needs to finish answering the immediate problems facing the Reich. The students have not left the streets, despite their favored leader having taken control, they still have demands to be heard, and with the students having organized and armed themselves, they are a more pressing matter than ever. Thankfully, with Speer, they are more manageable, and it shouldn’t be too difficult to assure them that change is coming.
The banks are also an ever present issue. Having taken control of the Reich’s economy years before and grown just as corrupt as the government they worked for, a decision must be made to either negotiate with the banks and fully privatize them, hoping to control them with laws and bureaucracy, or to break the banks and arrest the bankers, and reform the Reichsbank as a stable arm of the government.
With this done, it is time for Speer to begin dragging the Reich back into the light.
https://i.imgur.com/Xf4WpIo.jpg
Speer has a long road ahead of him to end the caste system and reform the German political system. He’ll be fighting the Reichstag every step on the way to push through his reforms, and if he has not yet gone through his industrial tree, can possibly cause the Reich’s economy to finally spiral out of control, its final lifeline cut.
Assuming Speer can successfully navigate the minefield that is trying to end the Reich’s obsession with racial superiority, however, he has the best chance of a strong solution to the caste system. By ending the divide and uplifting the slaves, he can redefine what it is to be the National-Socialist male. Instead of based on race, the strength of a person will be decided on his loyalty, his dedication, and his work to improve his nation.
He must also decide on the political future of the Reich. Speer can either be an Authoritarian Democrat, wishing for a democratic system to decide the Reich’s dictator and his subordinates, or an Italian style Fascist, working towards a less byzantine and inhumane system, where the Führer acts as a benevolent dictator, with the force of law preventing him from the worst of excesses.
Both paths are fraught with danger, though Germans will of course be much more open to the second option. Each path also gives him a decision on what exactly to do with Germany’s sphere across Europe. Speer may either choose to, as a Fascist, reform the Reichskommissariats to follow the new laws of Germany and follow its new laws and reforms towards benevolent rule, or can try to break the German tin-pot-dictators and their military regimes entirely, and try to restore Europe to some semblance of sense.
The first option will lead to the Reichskommissars reforming and following the party line or refusing and bringing them in conflict with the Reich, if Speer decides to pursue them instead of letting them isolate. The second is much more extreme, and will lead to Speer attempting to break German domination of Europe in favor of local regimes taking control back, giving control of the east back to the Collaborators who serve under the Reichskommissars and attempting to redraw Europe’s borders once again, under the Unity-Pakt. Of course, if Speer has managed to avoid conflict until this point, this would most likely come as the final straw to most, and one can only imagine the natives might not be so happy to continue working under the Reich once given power.
https://i.imgur.com/3R4cMM4.jpg
Also up to reform is Germany’s industry and science sectors. The nation was already crumbling before the civil war, and dropping tons of bombs on it and starting gunfights on every corner seems to have made the issue even worse.
Speer is, if nothing else, however, an architect.
https://i.imgur.com/MN5O5Fl.png
Speer envisions great things for Germany’s new infrastructure and industry plan. Starting with two things: rebuilding the U-Bahn and reforming the nation’s limited conscription plan to include Germans again, but also a civil service aimed at dragging Germans back into the nation’s economy.
With the U-Bahn completed, commerce can once again begin flowing throughout Germany, and with the roads expanded and redesigned for modern vehicles, can begin moving more industry than ever before.
With a proper civil service being built up, slowly introducing Germans back into the workforce, the nation can finally achieve the skilled labour force necessary to complete Speer’s ambitious projects. The slaves are hard but unreliable workers and and can not be be trusted with the proper rebuilding of the nation, they so vehemently despise.
This is however only the beginning. Germania and the nation at large must be rebuilt, almost from the ground up, and massive amounts of workers and capital will be needed for this. In addition, millions of refugees and victims of the civil war now roam the nation and will need proper assistance and strong guidance if there is any hope of stabilizing the nation before it slides back into anarchy.
Eventually, the tree more or less splits. Germany will need to further ensure Germans enter the workforce by enticing them to work with an official welfare program, actual safety standards in the factories, building up a service sector, and ending the gender gaps preventing the nation from properly utilizing more than half of its population, with thousands upon thousands of dead men due to the conflict.
The projects to revitalise Germany will also continue, with further efforts to clean up the destruction from the war, followed by further expansion of the German infrastructure. The grand plans to build roads across Europe under a single standard will finally be completed, civilian air travel will be encouraged and subsidized, and the Reichskommissariats will be raised to this new standard.
Ultimately, it must be decided how Speer will tackle the colossal monuments and pet projects he has inherited, like the Volkshalle. Either these massive and slowly crumbling monuments must be abandoned, using the resources on far more pressing projects, or maintained, focusing on the symbolism and grandeur these express to show the German population that Germany has not been defeated and as an indication of the bright future that awaits Germany.
https://i.imgur.com/DXD2iqJ.png
Speer will also focus on reforming German science. By uniting the various science teams of the Unity-Pakt and finally ending the blacklists and restrictions put on the scientific community, especially ending the idea of Deutsch Physik and other nonsense that almost cost Germany its victory in the war by nearly killing its nuclear program, German scientists can finally begin bringing Germany back to the 20th century and beyond.
He can also look further, to the final frontiers, and begin taking the lessons from the moon landing to try and apply them to new missions. Speer has a more involved focus tree for space leading to a limited ending compared to his counterparts, a reflection on more realistic expectations and a desire to see actual scientific progress instead of useless nationalistic chest beating. His final focuses in this tree end with Germany either building its own space station around Earth, or, if it cooperates with the international community as we’ll see in a bit, building an International Space Station to further unite the world’s scientific community and foster positive relations around the world.
And now, onto the largest portion of Speer’s tree. Diplomacy.
https://i.imgur.com/CezWdeM.jpg
The tree has two distinct branches, focusing on the international community or looking inward and trying to reform the Unity-Pakt and the Reichskommissariats into a more stable, capable, organization. In comparison to our reality, the two trees focus on trying to create the UN or the EU, with the prior fitting in with an Auth Dem Speer and the latter matching more with a Fascist Speer, though they are not locked by ideology.
First, we shall look at the international focus.
https://i.imgur.com/O8Kf4p7.jpg
The KN (Koalition der Nationen) tree is shorter because it won’t see its full effect at game start, which we’ll get to later.
The path to build this unheard of organization is a longer one than simply beginning to build up the Pakt, as it will take serious diplomatic efforts to even get the project off the ground. Germany will need to completely change how foreign nations see it, from a repressive regime to a kinder, benevolent one. This, will of course be easier if Speer has already reformed Germany and freed its slaves.
https://i.imgur.com/PDJo14l.jpg
Once the KN is formed, it needs to become an actual organization. People abroad and in Germany must both support its foundation and existence, and nations must be invited as official members. Speer will need to reach out to the Russians, the Triumvirate (or former Triumvirate, more likely), the United States, Japan, the various secondary powers around the world, and of course, everyone else. Acceptance is dependent on the nation being asked, their decision based on their relations with Germany and how they look upon Speer’s reforms. Nations who refuse have a decision to join at any time they choose, and Germany has one to invite them again.
With the KN established and seen as a legitimate body, it finally needs to be decided how exactly it will be run. There are three choices. The KN can be a meeting place for all nations, equally representing all nations of the world, making it a more noble body perhaps but also most likely taking out any teeth the powers that be would be willing to give it. It can be a circle of various powers, forming a Security Council and giving the most powerful handful of nations a greater voice and a floor for them to discuss issues, or it can go on the other side of the spectrum and serve as a floor for the big three players in the Cold War, giving it perhaps the most power it can have but also possibly making it far more polarized than it could be, and disheartening everyone in the organization besides Japan, Germany and the United States.
Regardless of how the KN is built, it must then begin forming its child organizations and working towards what it sees as a better world. The tree here is very temporary, as it will soon make use of the new dynamic focus branches that Cornflakes will give us. Until then however, you can see placeholders that will eventually be expanded.
A Court of Human Rights can be founded to begin uplifting the peoples of the world, show the world that Germany is working towards change and to challenge the Japanese regime. An army of International Peacekeepers can be formed to answer any crisis in the world with a neutral body. An Economic Council can work towards improving and regulating the world economy, and a Treaty on Nuclear Arms can be made to try to calm the tensions around the world and prevent more nations from acquiring WMDs.
And then there’s actual intervention. Issues like the constant border conflicts across Europe, the desolation of Africa, and Russian Warlordism can each be tackled by the KN and solutions decided and mutually worked towards. Chief of all for Germany however, is finding a solution to the Burgundian Issue. The tumor on the side of the Reich needs to be excised, one way or the other. Speer can ask for a KN mission to break Himmler’s madhouse, but if refused, can instead go in alone, and try and solve it himself, possibly betraying the organization he strived so hard to create.
https://i.imgur.com/abbr4mN.jpg
Without the KN, Speer can’t be the pacifist he may want to be. Instead, he’ll have to use his diplomatic abilities to try and keep Germany alive throughout the Cold War and into the future.
https://i.imgur.com/uVOPeXI.png
First off is Russia and the Balkans. Speer has the option to attempt to woo either the various fascist warlords in Russia or attempt a more general approach, expanding diplomatic ties with nations in the region regardless of ideology. This can eventually be used to either support a limited reunification into a friendly Russian state that will totally always remain friendly no ifs, ands or buts (it may backfire just a little) or support several of the stronger Russian minors to form a series of smaller, but still friendly and less dangerous nations.
In the Balkans, the chief issue is Romania.
While Romania is now under a different government than the outright hostile one the Reich faced in the 50s, the nation still doggedly refuses to give up its gains and represents a thick wall between Germany and the southeast.
Decisions must be made to either sanction the nation and attempt to go down the road of breaking it up once more or to reestablish ties at the cost of further isolating the rest of the Balkans, but possibly bringing the region’s most powerful nation, besides Italy and Turkey, into the fold.
Regardless of which is chosen, getting past Romania opens options to treat with Italy and Turkey. Both will require concessions on the part of Speer, and treating with one will prevent Germany from befriending the other, but either way, taking one of these two rival nations from despising to Germany to joining her alliance is a gargantuan task and an impressive accomplishment.
https://i.imgur.com/tl3plaP.png
Speer can also work to make inroads into the east. In the Middle East, he may choose to either work with Italy in an attempt to divide up the region into spheres of influence, or Speer may risk everything and attempt to subvert Italy’s control of the region. While the latter may present more gains for Germany there, it also prevents Germany from working with Italy in the future.
Securing the Middle East will bring Germany down to Africa, where Speer can either try and woo the local warlords of the African Reichskommissariats or attempt to force them to follow along on his reforms, culminating in Speer choosing to either try and woo the Boers or the South African government.
Bridges can also be made to Iran, plying them with aid and assistance and using them to approach Afghanistan and the Central Asians and, more importantly, India. Speer has the best chance of any of the German leaders to woo India to his side, but like with Italy and Turkey, it will come at much cost, and there is no promise the Indians will honor any deal made.
https://i.imgur.com/ikAPRNt.jpg
Finally, Speer can also work to improve and uplift the Pakt from a loose net of Germany’s vassals into an actual, viable organization. This can be done through a unified officers program and, eventually, a united Pakt Military to work for the common good of the entirety of the alliance, a mutual research program to ensure the entirety of the Pakt remains relevant technologically, and a unified industrial plan, with equally united standards.
Work can also be made to close off the weakest points in the Pakt. Kaukasia can either be excised from the Pakt once and for all or Speer can work with friendly elements in Josias’s government in an attempt to break his stranglehold on the nation.
The English can be approached, and Speer can either treat with the Collaborators or betray them and work directly with the English resistance, offering to welcome the Queen back and withdraw the garrison in return for the English remaining either in the Pakt or neutral, though it’s doubtful that they’d be entirely willing to accept this, it just may avoid an all out war in England.
And of course, the stand can be made against Burgundy, once and for all breaking Himmler and his foul order with the full support of the Pakt.
https://i.imgur.com/KzZMxXg.png
Finally, there is the America tree. Speer is the only one of the four German leaders with a shot at treating with the American government. Like with the KN, this is very reliant on Germany’s political and economic status, but if enough work is made then Speer and the Americans can eventually declare Detente, and both focus instead on combating the Japanese.
submitted by AHedgeKnight to TNOmod [link] [comments]


2017.09.30 02:30 NK_Ryzov United Americas Timeline [Chapter 18: Postwar Aftermath – 1946-1961] (longest post yet)

On the morning of December 25th 1946, people all across the USAO were greeted to the one gift everyone wanted for Christmas.
Oliver Drax had been captured. London had fallen. The remaining British high command had opened channels for an immediate unconditional surrender. World War III was finally over. Children were finally going to have their fathers come home. Wives, sisters, girlfriends and mothers who had toiled in the factories to keep the men they cared for armed and able to fight for their country, were now safe. Their job was done. The nation celebrated. New York, Chicago, Toronto, Tijuana, Mexico City, Havana, Managua, Bogota, Caracas, Lima, Buenos Aires, Sao Paulo, Rio De Janeiro, Sydney, Perth, Manilla, Honolulu, Shanghai – all of these cities were abuzz with patriotic festivities, as well as holiday cheer. All over the world, in fact, there were celebrations. Even in parts of the world that had remained neutral – across Europe, Russia, Africa and the Middle East, the flags of the USAO, Republic of Japan and Azad Hind were flown in celebration of the PRA’s hard-won victory.
For six years, the USAO had poured its blood, sweat and tears into toppling its oldest rival and cleansing the world of fascism. Fought long and hard, on every continent. On foreign and domestic soil alike. Faced numerically superior foes who wielded the foulest weapons ever concocted. Millions had served, and millions had died. But for those who never saw home again, their deaths had been vindicated.
The four men responsible for capturing Drax were each awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor – the highest military honor in the United States Armed Forces. They also received awards from several other countries, including the Order of the Golden Kite (from Japan), the Legion of Honor (from France; the Empress herself bestowed them upon the four men, in defiance of the National Action Party), the Iron Cross (from Germany), the Gold Medal of Military Valour (from Italy) and the Order of St. George (from Russia). In 1952, statues of each of them were erected in Washington Square Park, in their hometown of New York City, as part of a larger memorial dedicated to the fighting men of the Blue Battalion; the statues were made out of metal that was forged out of melted-down British tanks, artillery, helmets and small arms, left over after the Battle of New York.
After his capture, Drax was placed under a tight Republican Guard security detail, and flown to Cork, Ireland. Here, a convoy was prepared to transport Drax to Halifax, for his trial in Ottawa. Except this was a lie. In truth, a body double was loaded onto the convoy flagship, and the real Oliver Drax was placed on a submarine, the USS Razorfish. The crew was not aware that Drax was the “high-valued prisoner” they were transporting across the Atlantic. Instead of Halifax, the Razorfish took Drax to the port of Veracruz, where he was loaded onto a train bound for Mexico City, and placed in a small, little-used jailhouse. Only during the train ride across the Mesoamerican countryside, was Drax’s presence in the United States made public. President Navarro made it abundantly clear why he deceived the American people; Oliver Drax was still “Big Brother”, and he still had a vast network of spies and sleeper agents within the USAO. British submarines in the Atlantic were still a factor in play. The US government intended on giving Drax the fair trial he did not deserve, and they were not going to take any chances.
On March 12th 1947, the trial of Oliver Edward Drax began.
The trial was held in Mexico’s Palace of Justice, and was televised in color around the USAO and the world. Drax was not the only man on trial – in fact, he was one of over 100 accused war criminals from across the Greater British Realm’s military, political and economic hierarchy. Contrary to the claims of neo-Draxites today, the British dictator did in fact receive fair legal representation. He just didn’t have a chance at winning his case.
With American, Japanese and Indian commanders in attendance, star witnesses included Australian civilians who saw fighting-age males targeted for killing during the British retreat from the continent; a New Yorker who escaped from Yankee Stadium right when the SB started pulling flamethrowers on the “undesirables” they had interned in the arena; and the Japanese officer who painstakingly documented the mistreatment of Jains in the internment camps of Gujarat. The most chilling portion of the trial came when Irish communist agitator and survivor of the Portlaoise Euthanasia Center, Ethel Mulligan, came on the stand. When American troops found her, her legs had to be amputated due to an aggressive gangrene infection, the end result of guards repeatedly stomping on her kneecaps with their boots. According to Mulligan, for two years, she was left on the floor and raped repeatedly by the guards. Famously, she stated “I had to look up just to see Hell”. Other euthanasia center inmates were brought on the stand to provide testimony as well. They told stories about how the guards would have them move piles of sand from one end of the yard to the other, for no reason, and would randomly execute prisoners, again for no reason – except to break down their understanding of cause and effect, and make them totally submissive and demoralized. They told stories about the cruel and hideous medical experimentation that went on. And they told stories detailing how they were rounded up and taken to these camps, what the criteria was. In exchange for amnesty (in other words, ten-year prison sentences and relocation), camp guards and Special Branch grunts went on the stand as well, to confess to their crimes and testify against their former commanders.
In the end, Drax was asked as to whether or not he pleaded guilty. To which Drax replied: “I plead guilty to driving forward history. I will be vindicated. Your democracy is weakness, your liberty degeneracy, and your justice a farce”. He was sentenced to be hung from the neck until dead. Hours after his sentence was announced, in the evening of March 16th 1947, at 11:23PM, Oliver Drax, aged 52, was found dead in his cell. He had committed suicide via cyanide capsule. Despite attempts to revive him, Drax was pronounced dead at 11:26 PM.
Anyway, with the end of hostilities, the US military began to draw down. Millions of soldiers, marines, airmen and sailors returned home, welcomed back as heroes of war – the “Greatest Generation”. They came back to a revitalized economy, with infrastructure unlike anything before in American history. Even with places like Brazil, the Caribbean, New York, the Philippines and Australia to rebuild, the USAO’s economy was roaring like a mighty engine. Invigorated by victory, the American people were prepared to rebuild the damaged parts of their great nation, supercharged by the power of this new American optimism.
When news of Drax’s capture reached India, even the most die-hard of British holdouts surrendered. British Indian troops began surrendering to the PRA forces en mass. On December 26th 1946, riding on a Japanese O-I superheavy panzer (one of three given to the INA), Subhas Chandra Bose himself led exactly one million soldiers of the Indian National Army into the Indian capital city of Delhi. They then arranged themselves into the largest mass formation in history, on the lawn of Flagstaff House, where British Field Marshal Auchinleck (commander of the British Indian Army) formally surrendered his sword to Bose. Raising Auchinleck’s sabre above his head, Bose summoned forth the thunderous cheers of a million proud Indian soldiers – Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Buddhist, Christian, of every race in India, from Burma to Balochistan – all united in celebration after their arduous march to victory. India was now free, and its glory would now shine brighter than a thousand suns. On August 15th 1947, Bose was elected the first President of the independent Union of Greater India, by an almost unanimous vote.
The American occupation of Nigeria was very brief, as the Nigerians were fast to get their shit together. The Nigerian Union was founded in 1949, and a few months later, the last American troops left Nigeria.
In the East Indies, things were a little more complicated. In some ways, they were made less complicated than you would think, because the British had spent nearly 200 years creating a federalized mini-Raj out of the East Indies, with institutions and bureaucracy all leading back to Singapore. Though shattered, that bureaucracy merely had to be rebuilt and retooled with democratic institutions, for a coherent nation spanning the Sunda region to get off the ground. Furthermore, the British had been successful in spreading English as the lingua franca in the archipelago, which would prove to be essential to any sort of national unity. The Americans and Japanese worked tirelessly to create an East Indies Federation, which would repurpose the old British colonial structure into a representative federal constitutional republic, similar to the governments in Tokyo and Liberty City. In 1953, the EIF was officially declared independent, and held its first election the following year, in 1954. That same year, the last American and Japanese troops departed.
The Americans and Japanese were quick to remove their troops from India, out of respect to Bose, the INA and the newly-independent UGI. Though the bonds of friendship between the peoples of America, Japan and India were strong and only growing stronger, Bose insisted that building a free India be a job for the Indian people; all security concerns were to be handled by the INA and the new Indian Police Service. That being the case, American and Japanese business investments still played a very prominent role in India’s miraculous 1950’s economic expansion, though Indian entrepreneurship and technocratic infrastructure projects played the biggest role.
Meanwhile, in the Persian Gulf, the Americans and Japanese remained in the region longer than expected. By 1947, the PRA had successfully reinstituted independent constitutional monarchies in Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and the Trucial Emirates. However, despite being beaten by the Six Day War with the Yanks and the Japs, and just barely standing after its narrow victory with Egypt, in 1948, the Caliphate of Nejd remained a threat to the newly-independent nations of the Persian Gulf. The kings and emirs of the Gulf pleaded for the Americans and Japanese to remain and protect them from potential Nejdi aggression, and Tokyo and Liberty City agreed to extend their occupation. The pullout date was pushed from 1950 to 1955. The Japanese were willing to go another round with the Nejdis, but the Americans were tired, and unlike Japan, had parts of its own territory to rebuild. When President Bernard Giroux (National Party, Quebec) was elected to office in 1952, he almost strained relations with Japan after deciding to pull out of the Gulf earlier than expected. He had personally seen enough violence, and was already in negotiations with the Egyptian Empire to transfer the burden of protection to Cairo. After meeting with Japanese president Masamune Ito, Giroux convinced the Japanese to pull out from the Persian Gulf ahead of schedule as well.
Oh, yeah, that’s right. President Giroux.
Joaquin Navarro would go on to win an unprecedented fourth term during the 1944 USAO Presidential Election. However, after the war was over and Oliver Drax was dead, he resigned from office in 1947 and handed over the presidency to his VP, Sebastian Reynolds (Labor, Wisconsin). Navarro had tried but was unable to remain emotionally detached from the war which he oversaw. As the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces, when casualty figures came in every single day, he felt personally responsible for each death. They weren’t just numbers or statistics to him, but his soldiers, his citizens. He poured his heart and soul into leading the USAO to victory, but the lawyer and labor organizer from Nogales reached his breaking point midway through the conflict. However, he resolved to stay in office until Drax was brought to justice and the war was over. And that’s exactly what he did.
Reynolds was not as likeable as the affable Navarro, but he managed to lead the Labor Party to a narrow presidential victory in 1948, mostly riding off of his predecessor’s popularity.
1949 would see the issue of female soldiers on the frontline brought up. The experiment of women in combat was restricted to residents of the states and territories of Australia and New Zealand, however, their performance during the war was celebrated across the USAO, and many young women were inspired by their service and devotion to country and desired to enlist themselves. However, President Navarro was only reluctantly in favor of the policy, and Reynolds was rather milquetoast about it himself. Pressure from more socially-conservative elements within the Labor Party led Reynolds to move to reverse Navarro’s executive order. In 1949, women were once again barred from serving on the frontline. However, there were still over 11,000 female veterans, many of whom now had their pensions up in the air. But more to the point, they had fought, bled and sustained life-changing injuries, all for the nation they loved. To say nothing of those who made the ultimate sacrifice.
In response, thousands marched on the streets of Unity City, from May 12th-15th 1950. These were female veterans, their male brothers-in-arms, and anyone else who advocated for the passing of the proposed Keane Act. Proposed by senator Marcus Keane (South Australia, Liberal Party), this act would make permanent the effects of Navarro’s now-null executive order, and open up all positions in the United States Armed Forces to anyone, regardless of gender, as long as they were physically and psychologically able to serve. Opposing them were, perhaps ironically, the mainstream of the feminist movement in the USAO, which was largely against women serving in combat. The so-called “Amazon March” saw thousands of service members and aspiring service members camping on the grounds of the National Acropolis, wearing their service fatigues. Most notably was Soledad Muldoon, who wore the fatigues that she was issued in the East Indies – still stained with blood, and with her three Purple Hearts and Silver Star pinned on; adding to the eye that she famously lost at Alice Springs, Muldoon had lost the pinky and ring finger on her left hand to a Boys anti-tank rifle while fighting in Java. Even after everything she had seen and done, Sergeant Muldoon was still full of fight, and she was among the most passionate (if vulgar) speakers at the event; on the 13th, she was detained by the Unity City Metropolitan Police, after getting into a physical altercation with a counterprotester who referred to her as a “butch dyke in need of a man”.
Other, more established voices chimed in to support of the Keane Act. These included General Temuera Rehipeti, who was the commander of the US Army in the Outback; he came to respect the courage and valor of the “GI Jills” during the war in Australia. Additionally, Giroux, though he did not serve in Australia (or anywhere else where female soldiers deployed), believed that anyone who wished to serve their country should be allowed to do so. And then there was an up-and-coming female senator, Madeline Hawthorne (Rhode Island, Liberal Party). She did not have a military background, but went against the feminist current within her party in her advocacy in favor of the Keane Act. Ultimately, the Act was successfully passed by Congress.
Reynolds was unable to win the 1952 election against the National Party candidate, Giroux. The now-legendary war hero became the first successful National Party presidential contender since the party was founded. Speaking French as his only language, he was the first monolingual president of the 20th century, and on the campaign trail, he spoke idealistically of a new American future – one of peace and prosperity. The time for war was over.
Aside from pulling out from the Persian Gulf, Giroux also handled the English Channel Crisis. A week after Giroux’s inauguration in January of 1953, a USAAF Starfire jet patrolling the English Channel flew into French airspace and was shot down by a French jet, killing the American pilot. The radar operator survived and parachuted into Normandy, where he was detained by the French authorities. For context as to France’s political state at the time, the fascist National Action party was on the verge of losing their fragile majority in the French parliament. The British defeat in World War III had discredited their ideology, and their opposition was making rapid advances against them in local elections, with AN’s defeat in the next general election inevitable. Still, National Action still held institutional control of the French government and military for the moment, and that made things very, very tense. The Channel Tunnel (completed in 1904 as a symbol of Franco-British solidarity) was shut down and militarized by both the American and French militaries.
The new US president flew to Paris and spoke not to the French Prime Minister (who was part of National Action), but to the French Empress, who at this point was more widely respected by most French people than the buffoonish and unpopular PM was. After getting snubbed like this, the French PM ordered that the American radar operator, Jimmy “Specs” Wozinski, be released. After being set free from French custody, Giroux surprised him by revealing that he had brought Wozinski’s girlfriend with him to France. Protected by the Secret Service, the couple spent a romantic evening in Paris and the two then flew back to their hometown of Cleveland, Ohio on the president’s plane the next morning.
Giroux also oversaw the admission of some…interesting new parts of the USAO.
The people of New Guinea (mostly the city-folk; the inland tribes were largely apathetic) were opposed to joining the East Indies Federation, on account of New Guinea’s historic place of being neglected during the British administration of the East Indies. Instead, they opted to become an autonomous commonwealth of the USAO, and in 1953, Congress approved their admission. The United States Army Military Government in New Guinea (USAMGNG) was abolished and the Commonwealth of New Guinea was established, with its capital in Port Moresby. New Guinea was joined by the annexation of the Solomon Islands and Nauru.
In the Indian Ocean, the Chagos Archipelago was uncontroversially annexed by the USAO in 1953, as the American Indian Ocean Territory. Mauritius was granted independence as the Republic of Mauritius, though the people of the island voted in favor of free association with the USAO. More controversial was the admission of the Maldives into the USAO. The archipelago was utterly devastated by the battles waged there during the war, but immediately afterwards, the Americans were the first to bring in aid to the Maldivians and attempt to rebuild their homeland. When the time came in 1953 for a referendum on the archipelago’s political future, the people of the Maldives voted to join the USAO, rather than the UGI or independence. This was something of an awkward moment for India and the USAO, at a time when they were on very good terms. There was a bit of a “cold standoff” on the issue for a year, until Bose and Giroux came to an agreement. The Commonwealth of the Maldives was admitted into the Union in 1954, which, along with the newly-acquired territories of Christmas Island and the Cocos-Keeling Islands, the USAO now had complete strategic domination of the Indian Ocean.
Hong Kong was still under American occupation by the Shanghai National Guard when it was annexed into the USAO as a commonwealth, in 1954. In 1934, the GBR exploited the then-ongoing Chinese Civil War and conquered Shenzhen, the city immediately to Hong Kong’s north. When the Americans invaded Hong Kong, Shenzhen was occupied as well. So in 1954, the two remaining factions of the still-ongoing Chinese Civil War both contested the sovereignty of Shenzhen. However, the consensus of the people of Shenzhen was in: they wanted to do with the war. Indeed, as Guangdong was a Later Xin stronghold, the city of Shenzhen had become a refuge for Republican sympathizers. With the war turning against the Republicans in the north, these refugees backed the US administration of Shenzhen, as a way of remaining safe from potential monarchist reprisals. As such, Shenzhen was incorporated into the Commonwealth of Hong Kong, which became the second American territory on mainland Asia, after Shanghai.
Controversially, Malta was annexed into the USAO on September 21st 1955, amid passive-aggressive protest by the Italian Empire. The British had been especially cruel masters in Malta, and the Maltese people viewed their American and Japanese liberators as heroes (a monument to the Japanese soldiers who helped free Malta was erected in 1961; yes, that must sound like the strangest monument to y’all in that other timeline). There was a contingent of Maltese who wished to join Italy, but they ended up losing in the 1955 referendum on the matter. The Commonwealth of Malta would end up being the very first American territory in Europe, and the implications of a permanent American naval presence in the Mediterranean gave European strategic thinkers pause. That is, until they saw which way the wind was blowing in the British Isles.
So let’s talk about that elephant in the room.
The post-war scene in Britain was...surreal.
Following Drax's capture and the unconditional surrender of the British high command, it was as if a 20-year spell had been broken. By the time he committed suicide, there were still those in denial that the war was over, and continued to resist the American occupiers…only to be finally shaken from the dream when they heard of "Big Brother's" demise.
For the majority of Britons, there was a general feeling of not knowing where they were now. Or how they got there. Or where they could possibly go moving forward. A feeling of numbness. They had abolished democracy, killed their neighbors, started the bloodiest war in human history, committed hideous atrocities across the globe, purposefully destroyed their own nation, and all of it for the lies of one man. This feeling of profound disillusionment and lack of direction mixed with the revelations of the euthanasia centers. Not that they existed. They knew that they existed. Most Britons were aware that it was happening. The revelation was that they had tacitly consented to what they now saw with their own eyes. Among the survivors of the "Great Crime" (the BSP regime's campaign of exterminating undesirables) themselves, as much as they were grateful to be alive, they were also overcome by a deep sense of betrayal.
On the other side of the coin, there were the Americans. Or rather, what the British people saw in the Americans. They had believed Drax's propaganda for so long – that the Yanks were coming to destroy the British nation. And yet, as early as after Operation Chemo, the American public (already rationing fuel and food back home) donated to their enemies generous gifts of food, blankets and other supplies to the English and Welsh war refugees residing in Ireland. And let's talk about these refugees. They weren't just civilians – they were also British soldiers, left for dead in Wales, Cornwall and northwest England, with their eyes blistering, losing their ability to breathe, and their hated enemies went to the trouble of saving their lives – pulling them from the smog, washing the phosgene from their eyes, and bringing them to doctors. The Americans went out of their way to rescue their foes from the poisons their own governments had unleashed upon them. And in the immediate aftermath of the British surrender, even more supplies started pouring in.
And more than just supplies. American civilians volunteered to cross the Atlantic and help out with the worsening humanitarian crisis in Britain. Veterans of the national work programs in the USAO came over and began work on rebuilding bridges and getting hospitals back up and running. The winter of 1946-47 grew colder, and American coal was brought in to help keep millions of Britons warm. As the snow began to pile up higher and higher, the Short Bulls were repurposed to plow the roads and streets, and winterized US Army rotorwings delivered food and supplies to remote villages. When the snow melted in the Spring of ’47, creating devastating floods, the US military was there as well to help. Doctors from the Americas flooded hospitals in the British Isles to deal with the vast ocean of injuries from the war, as well as the rise in diseases such as dysentery and rickets. And as part of Operation Cartwheel II (1946-1963), the US Army Corps of Engineers worked to quarantine the contaminated White Zones, bringing in experts in decontamination from Australia to help clean up the areas affected by Operation Chemo.
Drax was not just proven wrong. The nation that had every reason to destroy the British people – the nation whom Drax had invaded, bombed, gassed and murdered – was as vigorous in helping their enemies as they were fighting them.
The British people had been complicit in the unforgivable. And the American people still forgave them. This was not mercy: this was grace.
The Stars and Stripes of the American occupiers became something that the average Briton would find themselves looking at in ways they never did before. It was where the ration centers and medical camps were, sure, but it also came to represent something else. Every day, it became less and less the cloth of a foreign nation. The Union Jack? Not so much. It was the flag flown by the United States Army Military Government in Great Britain and Ireland (USAMGGBI – literally nobody called it by this acronym), but to many, it symbolized something dead, which could never come back. As dead as the Flash and Circle flags that were being torn down and burned all across the Isles.
The Irish were not coy in their pro-Americanism. For the English, however, it was a difficult pill to swallow. Three times, Britain had fought the Americans. First in 1776. Then in 1860. And finally in 1939. And three times, they lost. And now the Eagle had decisively bested the Lion, in a way that could never be disputed or minimized. Drax was right about one thing: history and providence chose nations. But Britain had not been chosen.
But Ireland was not merely agreeing to the proposition of liking the USAO or thanking them for liberation. No, they were agreeing to things more drastic than just that. And more so than even Ireland, Great Britain was in need of those drastic things. The age of British independence was over: their military was shattered, their economy was burnt out, almost all of their industry and infrastructure now lay in ruin, and the nation itself had very little will to live.
To many, the very notion of British nationalism had been discredited. Desiccated. What did it mean in 1947?
The Americans occupied Great Britain and Ireland for ten years, from 1946 until 1956. During this time, the Military Government held a series of nonbinding referendums on the future of the British Isles. Whether they would choose to pursue a closer association with continental Europe, or with the USAO. In the void of a post-nationalist Britain, Pan-European and pro-American factions emerged, and they argued as to which would be better for the British Isles going forward. At this point, only a minority had a genuine desire to remain 100% independent.
On June 23rd 1955, a binding referendum was held in the British Isles. The options were independence or joining the USAO. In the end, the latter was chosen, by a factor of 62% in Great Britain (74% in Ireland). A month later, the Federation of the British Isles was formally announced and the annexation was formalized on June 23rd 1956.
The FBI would be the first of its kind in American history. In the interests of preserving a degree of British and Irish autonomy, a sub-federation of British and Irish states and territories would be created. These states and territories would use a republican variant of the parliamentary system, and elect representatives to their own sub-federal parliament which would convene in the rebuilt Palace of Westminster in London. This, in addition to the representatives which they would elect to the Senate and House of Representatives in Unity City. They would even be able to elect their own sub-federal Prime Minister, as well as the USAO president. The FBI would have a greater degree of ability to interact with the outside world than would most USAO states and territories; for instance, the FBI would be able to communicate with the European Customs Union, independent of the rest of the USAO, and would be able to interact with the French Empire directly, mostly on issues pertaining to the Channel Tunnel. The FBI would use its own localized version of the USAO Dollar (using a different range of colors and featuring the faces of British republican figures such as Mary Wollstonecraft, Thomas Paine and William Godwin), as well as have its own flag, to be flown alongside the flag of the USAO; this flag would have a blue field, with stars for each of the states that made up the FBI, and inside the circle of stars, a round representation of the old Union Jack.
The FBI would be divided into the states of Ulster, Connacht, Munster, Leinster, Wales, Cumbria, Lancashire, Manchester, Northumbria, East Mercia, West Mercia, Yorkshire, Cornwall, Wessex, Sussex, Kent, Essex, East Anglia, Moray, Galloway, Western Isles, Shetland, Highland, Strathclyde, Orkney and Shetland. The Isle of Man and the Channel Islands became commonwealth territories. Greater London became London, DB (District of Britannia) – an independent federal district similar to that of Liberty City, DC or the other two USAO capital districts.
Other parts of the former British Empire were added to the FBI. The South Atlantic Islands of St. Helena, Ascension, Tristan da Cuna, South Shetland, South Orkney and South Georgia (which were all captured during the war with little difficulty) were admitted into the FBI, as was the American Indian Ocean Territory (renamed the “British Indian Ocean Territory”). Malta, seeing the benefits of being tied to an entity with a more Europe-focused set of interests, while also being part of the USAO, also signed on to join the FBI. And lastly, in the Pacific Ocean, Nauru, the Solomon Islands and the Pitcairn Islands opted to become part of the FBI.
With this, the United States’ “end of history” had finally arrived. Two historic rivals had become one nation.
The incorporation of Britain into the USAO in 1956 would end up being one of the last great moves of President Giroux, who would become a one-term president when he refrained from running for reelection before the start of the 1956 USAO Presidential Election. He felt that his time as president was well-spent, and retired to his small hometown in Quebec with his wife. The 1956 USAO Presidential Election was instead won by the historic first female POTUS, Madeline Hawthorne (remember her from earlier); the sight of the slightly-built 5’ 2½” Hawthorne shaking hands with the bulky 6’ 8’ former president was immortalized in an iconic luzograph. For many, Hawthorne represented the transition from a nation at war, to a nation now at peace. She would be the first US President to visit the British Isles as their president; the British Isles had voted overwhelmingly for her, with the exception of Ireland, which mostly went for Giroux’s former VP, Ezra Ramos (Venezuela, National).
Hawthorne had won in no small part due to her activism in getting the Keane Act passed, but many still held traditional views on the role of women, and were skeptical that a woman could lead the largest nation on Earth. Her first test came in 1957, when she successfully negotiated a peaceful resolution to the Shan Crisis. See, Thailand had come to occupy the Shan Country during World War III, and ultimately annexed the territory. However, the Americans and Japanese overlooked serious human rights abuses by the Thai forces occupying the region, particularly, atrocities committed against rebellious Shan tribes. Many Shan people petitioned for India to intervene on their behalf, and President Bose, after almost a decade of tension with Thailand, began mobilizing troops on the border with Shan Country. Indian-backed Shan militias made a bold assault on government positions on May 1st 1957, only to be defeated by the Royal Thai Army. A series of subsequent border skirmishes brought the two countries on the brink of conflict, with the Indians preparing to dedicate hundreds of thousands of troops, and the Thais threatening to deploy leftover British chemical weapons. The USAO and Japan stepped in, with Hawthorne ultimately clinching a peace agreement. At the time, she was celebrated for her diplomacy, though in the end, this would end up kicking the can down the sidewalk until 1971.
Aside from being a negotiator, she also proved to be a fighter. When the “Third Phase” of the Brazilian Violence began in 1957, she ordered martial law in the counties of those Brazilian states where the newly-formed ELB (Exército para a Libertação do Brasil – “Army for the Liberation of Brazil”) was active. The ELB was a monarchist, Brazilian ultranationalist organization, and represented a consolidation of several Brazilian separatist groups that had survived the federal crackdown during World War III, and were reinvigorated by those Brazilian veterans who returned from South Africa either disillusioned or too shellshocked to reintegrate into society. However, the Third Phase also marked the emergence of the Brazilian Patriota movement, which was also dominated by returning veterans, who, by contrast, returned with a renewed sense of American nationalism. Even though President Hawthorne’s federal crackdown was actually criticized as too harsh (reports of “enhanced interrogation” tsking place on Devil’s Island have only recently been declassified in 1984, albeit in a heavily-redacted form), the Patriotas felt as though the Feds weren’t going far enough, and they formed the FPdA (Força Patriótica de Autodefesa – “Patriotic Self-Defense Force”). Both groups of veterans brought an increased level of lethality to the Brazilian Violence. Sometimes it was a series of nail bombs or a “Brazilian Necktie”, or a shoot-out in the street. That’s how it went in the cities. Out in the countryside, the both militia groups waged outright wars against each other, and the authorities, though the FPdA guerillas were more likely to surrender to the Feds, whilst the ELB had a habit of pretending to surrender. The Third Phase would last from 1957 until 1963.
The Hawthorne Administration also saw the expansion of nuclear power across the USAO. The technology was developed in Germany during World War III, and though some speculated as to the potential applications of atomic weapons, this was later debunked: detonating a hypothetical atomic bomb would set the atmosphere on fire and sterilize the planet. Anyway, not wanting to be left behind, Hawthorne sponsored legislation to foster the construction of nuclear power facilities across the USAO.
Hawthorne lastly oversaw the admission of South Africa into the USAO, as the final addition to the Union in 1959. Oh, right. South African entry into the USAO had been in the pipeline since 1952. The fact was, during the war, the Combat-SB was very effective in their scorched-earth tactics. This included burning down farmland and destroying any infrastructure they could, including the infamous detonation of a cargo ship carrying thousands of tons of fertilizer in the port of Cape Town; the explosion ripped the harbor with the force of a small nuclear weapon, and caused massive damage to South Africa’s most important port of entry. On top of that, the independent Federation of South Africa appeared massively incapable of managing its economy. South Africa became independent in 1951, but by 1956, the economy had flatlined, and the country was forced to forsake its own currency and adopt the much more powerful US Dollar. Seeing the arrangement that had been established in Britain, an effort in South Africa began with a push for admission into the USAO. They were ultimately successful, and following a referendum in 1958, the people of South Africa voted 69% to join the USAO. Congress debated whether or not to go through with the annexation, but Hawthorne was supportive of South African entry into the USAO, and she was able to sway many detractors of South African entry to her side of the argument. In 1959, Congress voted in favor of annexing the Federation of South Africa.
Hawthorne was not successful in winning the 1960 USAO Presidential Election, and instead lost to Fidel Castro (Cuba, Conservative). Castro’s election was a major upset, and indeed, Castro did not win by a large margin.
After three years of preparation, in 1961, the Federation of South Africa was formally admitted into the USAO, as the Federation of South Africa. Yes, they kept the old name. Like the FBI, the FSA uses its own version of the US Dollar, has its own flag, maintains the parliamentary system for every state, and for the federation as a whole, and is able to interact with intergovernmental organizations in Africa, such as the Trans-Africa Railway Association. The Federation was made up of the states of Good Hope, Griqualand West, Stellaland, Botswana, Orange Free State, Transkei, Ciskei, Lesotho, Natal, Swaziland, Transvaal, KwaZulu, Zimbabwe, Rhodesia and the island state of Réunion. Territories included Walvis Bay, the Namaqualand Territory, the Kalahari Territory and the Territory of the Prince Edward Islands (subantarctic islands, very sparsely inhabited). And finally, a capital district in the form of Pretoria, DA (District of Azania).
submitted by NK_Ryzov to AlternateHistory [link] [comments]


2017.05.03 04:40 THE__REALEST What are my beliefs?

Guiding Principles
Nationalism: Citizens of Canada should be immensely proud to belong to Canada, and they should respect and support the basic values of the state. Criticism of the country as patriotic as long as the criticizer is willing to find ways to fix problems in the nation.
Equality: All citizens of Canada are equal under the eyes of the law. Discrimination based on sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, race, religion, political views (with exceptions), ethnicity, national origin, economic status, and disability is strictly and utterly prohibited.
Secularism: Canadians are free to participate or abstain from any religious practices they wish; however, the government of Canada must not be influenced at all by religious beliefs while making decisions. The government and all branches of it are officially secular.
Welfare State: The right to an education, good physical health, housing, financial aid (if necessary), and career assistance are civil liberties that must be guaranteed by the state.
Efficiency: The government shall not conduct any unnecessary and/or wasteful activities while in session; they should always be focused on the goal of improving Canada.
Unity: All citizens are united in their struggle towards a better Canada. There is no concept of being “more Canadian” than another person.
I . Society
Crime and Justice
Terrorism
Social Order
Culture
Family
Sexuality
Healthcare
Drugs and Gambling
Religion
Immigration
Education
Media
Military
II. Economy
Economic Model
Property
Taxes + Price Controls
Employment and Industry
Natural Resources
National Economy
III. Politics
Constitution
Government
Voting and Elections
Transparency
Foreign Affairs
World Events
submitted by THE__REALEST to WhatsMyIdeology [link] [comments]


2016.11.08 04:37 tooichan [EVENT] Review of Japanese political parties

With Abe and other serving parliamentarians having no legal right to participate in the next general election, all major parties in Japan are essentially forced to either turn to the retired veterans, or employ the second line of politicians. The line-up of all parties which have a chance in the elections:
Liberal Democratic Party 自民党
Leader: Yuriko Koike 小池 百合子
Former Mayor of Tokyo, she's the most typical right-leaning LDP politician on surface. As a conservative nationalist, she supports liberal economic policies, dislikes Article 9, and wanted, at one point, to arm Japan with nukes. However, something's not quite right with her. Yes, she's a woman, and she's pro-woman rights, and is pro-environmentalism not typical of LDP. But that isn't what makes her special. After her drive to make Tokyo the anime-land [m] I wish I was kidding [/M] and publicly cosplaying as an anime character [M] I wish I was fucking kidding [/M], she now wants to make Japan the anime land. In particular, she wants to encourage involvement in politics, defence and ahem reproduction through integrating elements of Japanese pop culture. Thankfully for the world, the LDP might not be the most popular political party after the whole forgetting-thing.
Democratic Party 民進党
Leader: Yūichirō Tamaki 玉木 雄一郎
Perhaps to most Japanese's surprise, the left-opposition is actually the more sensible party. The Democratic Party continues their policy of seeking a more social-democratic, generally-just-not-LDP Japan. Specifically, Yūichirō seeks to strengthen Japan's security through renewing her relations with American states, striking a balance with the Chinese, and being more friendly with the Koreans, and through all these pursue a more stable East Asia. Then, Japan can maintain, or even lower her level of armament, ensuring that Article 9 stays in place and militarism never comes back. Who the hell wants this boring guy though.
Komeito 公明党
Leader: Yōichirō Higo 肥後洋一朗
"It is time for Japan to stand up on her own." Komeito, as a social conservative party, defends the Article 9 while supporting collective self defence but rejects further alliance with the Americans. Socially, they support gender equality but supports increased nationalistic education. A huge bag of hypocrisy, in general.
Japanese Communist Party 日本共産党
Leader: Tomoyuki Tanigawa 谷川 智行
The largest communist party in opposition in the world. The practical end of US alliance was a major victory to the JCP, and the complete disintegration of the United States seems to prove that capitalism, like Stalinism or Maoism, will not work. What will work for Japan, however, is neutrality, disarmament, and modern, scientific socialism. "You may say Abe's two extra years is divine intervention. I say, however, this proves the degeneracy of monopolistic capitalism. All these apparent anomalies are but the norm in an exploitative world."
Restoration Party of Japan 日本維新の会
Leader: Yutaka Imai 今井 豊
NOT a far-right party as the name might make you think. In fact, it's a localist centre-right party focused in the Kansai region.
With the domination of LDP diminishing after 8 years of Abe Premiership, opportunities arise once again for political parties, left and right, seeking to get their seats. Whether it will mean another period of unstable governments or the appearance of strong leadership however, remains a question.
submitted by tooichan to worldpowers [link] [comments]


2016.08.05 22:11 faithandjoy Trump, Clinton, Gary Johnson, Jill Stein.... Why not American Solidarity?

http://www.solidarity-party.org/#!complete-platform/pmp4q
The National Committee of the ASP offers these planks as a framework for local and national candidates. We welcome your feedback and suggestions!
National Platform of the ASP The American Solidarity Party is committed to transcending the Red/Blue divide with coherent policies informed by religious values. We offer the following program for a future based on the principles of Common Good, Common Ground, and Common Sense.
Right to Life -We support constitutional and legal measures that establish the Right to Life from conception until natural death.
-We call for an end to capital punishment.
-We oppose the legalization of euthanasia and assisted suicide.
-To replace the culture of death with respect for life, we call for adequate social services and income support for women, the elderly, immigrants, and other vulnerable persons.
-We call for a ban on gestational surrogacy contracts.
-We oppose the use of military force in violation of Just War principles. Among other things, this precludes the use of pre-emptive strikes and disproportionate retaliation.
-We advocate a foreign policy that reduces ethnic and economic tensions world-wide.
-We support laws and policies that reduce the incidence of violent crime on our streets. We call for strict accountability in the use of lethal force by officers of the peace.
Religion in the Public Square -We acknowledge that the Judeo-Christian worldview has played a positive role in the history and culture of the United States of America. We advocate for laws that allow people of all faiths to practice their religion without intimidation and deplore aggressive secularism that seeks to remove religion from the public sphere.
Civil Rights -We support the legal recognition of marriage as a union of one man to one woman for life.
-The ASP is committed to the defense of the Bill of Rights.
-We deplore the reduction of the “free exercise of religion” guaranteed by the First Amendment to “freedom of worship” that merely exists in private and within a house of worship. The right to follow what the Declaration of Independence called “the Laws of Nature and Nature’s God” must be respected.
-We will defend the rights of public assembly, freedom of speech, and freedom of the press. We oppose the expansion of censorship and secrecy in the interests of “national security.”
-We support Ban the Box Initiatives.
-The ASP acknowledges the persistence of discrimination based on religion, race, ethnicity, and gender, and supports laws favoring equal access to the polls, the courts, housing, education, and credit.
-We oppose conscription into the armed services and other forms of compulsory government service, except in cases of clear and present necessity during declared war. We also oppose the mandatory registration of women in the Selective Service system.
-We call for reforms in the process of jury-selection, in order to prevent jurypacking and the narrowing of jury pools.
-We will work to restrict the legal construct of “personhood” for organizations and corporations.
Economic Participation -The ASP believes that political economy (economics) is a branch of political ethics. We reject models of economic behavior based on greed and naked self-interest.
-To build an economy that is fair, transparent, and democratic, we support models of production and distribution that are local, responsible, and sustainable.
-We support the creation of family-owned businesses and worker cooperatives. We oppose regulations designed to inhibit competition from smaller firms.
-We call for the repeal of subsidies which encourage urban sprawl and discourage local farming and production.
-We advocate a tax shift from earned income (wages and interest) to unearned income (economic rent). We propose to shift the burden of property taxes from buildings and improvements to ground rents.
-We call for the direct payment of surplus revenue to the public as a Citizens’ Dividend.
-We support the creation of sovereign wealth funds in financial markets.
-We call for increased regulation of private pension plans, with greater transparency regarding fees collected by fund managers.
-We oppose the privatization of Social Security, and advocate a return to the use of the funds generated from the program to be solely used for the payments out to recipients, rather than the current use of the funds for many purposes.
Banking and Finance in the Public Interest -The ASP regards money and credit as public utilities. We support increased oversight of the banking industry and personal accountability for fraudulent behavior.
-We call for amendment of the Federal Reserve Act to enable direct investment in public works.
-We support the creation of public investment banks and private credit unions at the state and local levels.
-We advocate deflation of the student-debt bubble through partial forgiveness of student loans and restoration of bankruptcy-protection for debtors.
-We support stricter controls on consumer credit, including limits on interest and regulation of credit-card companies and payday-loan and title-loan stores.
Free and Fair Trade -The ASP believes that the surest path to really free trade is the removal of obstacles to domestic productivity, such as payroll taxes, government subsidies for cheap energy and big agriculture, and the hoarding of productive land for speculative purposes.
-We maintain that international trade agreements should guarantee the freedom of all participants. We are opposed to regulations and loopholes that protect special interests at the expense of consumers. We are opposed to favorable trade status for countries in which workers are exploited, and to agreements that favor international corporations over local producers.
-We call for reform or replacement of international trade organizations (such as the WTO, World Bank, and IMF) in the interest of transparency, accountability, and fairness to all nations.
-We oppose the use of international financial pressure to restructure the economies of debtor nations.
Health and Welfare -The ASP advocates the replacement of privately-funded health insurance with a decentralized ‘single-payer’ system. -We oppose the privatization of Social Security and other public pension systems.
-We oppose the sudden elimination or reduction of income supports such as welfare, food stamps, and unemployment insurance, when no other safety net is in place.
-We call for the gradual replacement of needs-based welfare and assistance payments with a Citizens’ Dividend, funded by the collection of unearned income.
Stewardship of the Environment -The ASP advocates generous funding for research in safe and renewable sources of energy, such as solar and wind-power.
-We intend to roll back government subsidies for reckless oil- and mineralextraction (such as "fracking”).
-We support a strong regime of environmental protection by independent public agencies. At the same time, we insist on the direct accountability of illegal polluters to their victims in the courts.
-We call for the institution of pollution taxes to fund research in cleaner methods of production and to compensate all citizens for abuse of the natural commons.
-We advocate a cap-and-dividend approach to the regulation of greenhouse gas emissions. Producers will bid for permits to emit a fixed amount of greenhouse gasses; revenue from the permits will be applied to ecological research and the Citizens’ Dividend.
-In those regions adversely affected by the transition from fossil fuels and mineral extraction to renewable energy sources, we support programs to reduce the damage done to communities and residents, including economic redevelopment aid, job retraining, and/or direct aid to those laid off and their families.
Civic Engagement -The ASP calls for the reform of electoral laws at the federal and state levels. In particular, we call for a system of proportional representation in the lower houses of federal, state, and local government and a method of either approval voting or range voting for elections.
-We support the right to initiative, referendum, and recall in all states.
-We call for a reform of the redistricting process through independent and impartial agencies.
-We oppose unduly restrictive voter-registration laws.
-We advocate easy access to impartial information on candidates and ballot initiatives in public print and broadcast media, and legal accountability for the misrepresentation of facts in political advertising.
-We support measures to expose and reduce the influence of private lobbies on public servants, including a cooling-off period before the latter are permitted to accept employment in private firms related to their public duties.
-In keeping with the principle of subsidiarity, we support expanding (where necessary) the autonomy of local governments from state governments. We also call for legal accountability of higher levels of government to lower levels.
-We propose that tax revenue be collected by local agencies and distributed upwards to higher levels of government, rather than from the top down.
Public Services -The ASP supports the creation a vigorous and responsible public sector in transportation, education, the arts, and entertainment.
-We oppose the privatization of natural monopolies such as toll roads and bridges, community policing and parking enforcement, public transportation, prisons, and energy and water utilities.
-We oppose the enclosure of science and culture through unduly restrictive intellectual property laws. Copyright and patents should be leased at their full market value, like other forms of economic rent. We support increased public funding for basic research.
-The ASP calls for public ownership of the airwaves. Commercial use of the electromagnetic spectrum should be leased to recover its full market value. We support the broadening of non-commercial access in the form of local PEG (public, educational, and government) television and radio stations.
-We call for anti-trust legislation and enforcement to resist the formation of media conglomerates, and, if necessary, break up those that already exist.
-The ASP regards the Internet as a public utility. We support strict net neutrality, so that users may access legal content without restrictions imposed by their Internet Service Providers. We will support the creation of local, public ISPs and universal Wi-Fi access to the Internet.
-The ASP supports public and/or community ownership of professional sports franchises. We support appropriate action to ensure that these ownership structures are not barred from professional sports leagues.
Justice in the Workplace -The ASP recognizes the right of workers to form associations in pursuit of their economic interests. We oppose union-busting laws that interfere with the relationship between employers and labor organizations.
-In the enforcement of anti-trust and consumer-protection laws, we will work to maintain a level playing field between labor, management, and consumers.
-We insist on legal protection for occupational safety and compensation, equal access to employment, good faith in hiring and retention, and paid leave for illness and child-rearing.
Education -The ASP believes that the responsibility for the education of children resides primarily in the family. Families should be free to home-school their children or send them to public or private schools.
-We call for public support of both public and private schools, with a preferential option for economically disadvantaged students.
-We support the freedom of teachers to design their own curricula within general parameters set by local authorities.
-We support initiatives to improve education for virtue and citizenship, as well as core subjects such as reading and writing, mathematics, science, and the arts.
-We call for increased public investment in higher education and a reduction of tuition at public institutions, as well as stricter regulation of for-profit educational enterprises.
National Security -We call for an end to unilateral military intervention in foreign countries and the closing of US military bases abroad, where these are not required to protect diplomatic missions or to meet explicit treaty obligations.
-We condemn the use of torture – by whatever method, for whatever purpose, and by whatever euphemism it may be called – by any representative of the United States or in its interests. Those who participate in or authorize torture should be stripped of position, prosecuted, and punished to the fullest extent of the law.
-We oppose the use of lethal drones against civilian populations in neutral countries.
-We call for the prohibition of private arms sales from the United States to foreign countries.
-The ASP believes that a less aggressive foreign policy will reduce the threat of terrorism within our borders. In the short term, we call for a review of the effectiveness of centralized and specialized anti-terrorist agencies, such as the TSA.
-We call for the repeal of the Patriot Act and the re-instatement of basic civil rights, including the right of citizens to a speedy trial in civilian courts. Secret tribunals (such as the FSA court) must be abolished and military courts returned to their proper role. Foreign non-combatants must not be detained in American facilities or remanded by agents of the U.S. government to foreign prisons.
-We oppose government censorship of the media and the internet.
-We condemn the indiscriminate and unauthorized collection of data from the phones and computers of American citizens and foreign nationals.
-We oppose laws and trade agreements that allow the monitoring of personal internet usage for non-criminal offenses, such as copyright infringement. We call for the periodic destruction of internet histories and other user data collected by internet providers, unless these are specifically required by a court order.
Border Security and Immigration -The ASP calls for reform of immigration laws, including amnesty and a path to citizenship for aliens currently residing within our borders.
-We oppose the militarization and fortification of our national borders. We are opposed to proposals that place undue restrictions on labor and movement within the United States.
-We favor a generous policy of asylum for refugees from religious, political, racial, and other forms of persecution.
-In the future, we will work toward the negotiation of fair-and-free trade agreements that will make immigration a choice, rather than a necessity.
Personal Security -The ASP believes that preventing and punishing crime is an essential public service. We oppose the privatization of law-enforcement and penal institutions.
-As public servants, officers of the peace should be held to the highest standards of professionalism. We support the creation of civilian review boards at all levels of law-enforcement.
-We oppose legal requirements in sentencing, such as three-strikes laws, which result in the arbitrary, long-term imprisonment of non-violent criminals.
-We support the decriminalization (not the legalization) of recreational drugs. Funds currently expended on the “war on drugs” should be directed toward prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation.
-We support the implementation of the so-called "Nordic model" for dealing with prostitution by imposing stricter and more uniform penalties for the purchase of sex, decriminalizing the selling of sex, and providing viable employment alternatives to those who are exploited as prostitutes.
-The ASP regards pornography as a harm to society and opposes the exploitation of human persons that pornography entails.
-We oppose the participation of public agencies in legal vices, such as gambling and the sale of recreational drugs and alcohol. Where gambling is permitted, windfalls should be taxed as a form of unearned income.
-We call for more vigorous enforcement of laws against human trafficking.
-We call for greater legal responsibility on the part of creditors and vendors for vigilance against fraudulent activity, such as identity theft.
submitted by faithandjoy to Christianity [link] [comments]


2016.07.13 15:59 Weerdo5255 [OC][C1764] Rising Titans Ch.30

9 Years, 5 Months, 23 Days After Eridani Landing

Empire Home World

Slowly opening his eyes [Vann] sat up in the darkness.
It was relaxing being able to enjoy actual silence after being in space, as advanced at the Imperial was she still vibrated and hummed making everything inside of her do the same. It had been like a low constant headache that had never gone away while on the ship.
It was still dark outside, [Vann] glanced at his Comm confirming that the sun would be up in only an hour or so. Standing up [Vann] quickly made his way to the closet in the massive room and pulled on one of his lightly armored workout ensembles. It was reminiscent of the ancient leather armor once worn on the battlefield but now did very little to protect a wearer in modern combat.
Exiting the room, he glanced up to see [Reece] already standing by the door, looking as if he had been standing at the ready all night.
"We're sparring in [ten minutes] if that's alright with you."
"It is, any preference towards the weapon?" asked the body guard.
"What do I need to improve with?"
"Small weapons, your staff, swordsmanship and shooting are passable."
[Vann] grunted in annoyance but nodded. The hand to hand and close combat training was what usually left him with the most bruising and pain, but then it needed to be learned.
The bodyguard spun and disappeared from view. The estate on the Home World was one of the few places he felt confident enough to leave [Vann] alone. There was also an entire platoon on patrol around the premises at all time, not counting the men that [Reece] had personally selected to patrol the estate.
Making his way down the flights of stairs to the main floor of the home [Vann] looked around at everything. Most of it had the air of disuse and artificiality. It was clean and opulent, but more like the museum that was all that remained of the first Imperial estate, back when the Empire had been only a single planet than an actual dwelling.
The house was supposed to be the home to the entire Imperial family, but the dwindling numbers over the past generation leading to only his Father holding the title, and then his death it was all his and empty.
Shaking his head [Vann] stepped into the training room, which had for his parents and the generations of leaders before them a dining room. The classical [horseshoe] shaped table had been removed. Mats and training equipment now dominated the space along with racks of weapons and equipment. The only thing absent were guns, which he practiced with in what had used to be the gardens outside on the grounds.
He had felt bad about removing them, but then they really served no purpose.
The large windows of the room were why he had moved the training equipment up from the lower sub-ground levels. It was relaxing to get his training done in the natural light of the sun. After spending so long on a ship he was looking forwards to it, feeling the sun on his face again during a sunrise.
Stretching [Vann] looked out of the windows, the first hints of sunrise were beginning to show over the horizon.
"Early morning?" asked [Charles].
Vann frowned and glanced over at him, "I thought I told you to go home, and for that matter the sun's not even up! Why are you awake?"
[Charles] groaned and put a hand to his head, "Don't remind me. [Reece] suggested that although the Consul isn't charging me with anything, I might take advantage of the security your home has. Considering that I did in a drunken rage punch him out."
[Vann] frowned, "I thought you were sober for that meeting."
"I'm functional even drunk. An officer tested me, I was most decidedly drunk."
"So now the rumors are I have a drunkard for an advisor. That's great."
[Charles] shrugged, "better than an advisor who would with a sound mind punch out the Consul."
[Vann] opened his mouth to argue and then snapped it shut.
"I suppose, still not even the Consul would kill you for that."
"He went on a public broadcast yesterday with a blue eye."
"To be honest that might have actually helped him sell the proposal. The senate has never moved so quickly. I don't know what the hell he told them in that closed session."
"I have some ideas; you've learned some things about the class C's but that was over a few weeks. He laid it all out in front of the Senate no doubt, as well as whatever happened to the 4th fleet a few years back."
"You still think C1764 had something to do with that?"
[Charles] chuckled, and winced closing an eye. "I'm sure of it, they were only a single jump away from Earth and then come back with massive amounts of damage, all of which is marked up to a training accident?"
"You don't think you're giving them enough credit? You yourself saw to the destruction of their last base in that system. How could they have inflicted that much damage?"
"Humans don't die easily, they'll survive and fight out of nothing but spite. They're not afraid to make sacrifices either. They tossed a tethered station at the [Singer] just to create a diversion and give their own ships, which were being destroyed with ease some measure of cover. That structure had to be one of the most complex technological and economic assets in their domain."
"So then the 4th fleet destroyed what was left of them, now the only humans that are left are those who fled into deep space. Half a dozen other class C species have done this, none have attacked. They're pests that simply need to be eliminated."
"They're a danger, one that will only grow if left unchecked. If there is one thing that their histories show it is that adversity only breads greater militarization and a will to die for the cause. These humans will in a generation be bent on a single task, the destruction of the Empire."
"They are still so small; they might overrun a single system. They will try to hold it, fail and break."
[Charles] reached into his back pocket and drew out a flask.
[Vann] rolled his eyes but didn't say anything.
He took a sip of it and putting the flask back [Charles] pulled out another small device, a fried electronic of some sort. He held it up in the first rays of light that streamed in through the windows.
"Perhaps, but even so a few will survive. Then try again."
[Charles] turned the burned up looked electronic component, "And I doubt they'll be fighting alone for very long. Humans have a strange way of making you think like them, believe like them."
[Vann] shook his head and going over to the rack next to [Charles] and pulled one of the dulled knives off of the rack.
[Charles] watched him as the young Emperor casually flipped the weapon around in his hand.
"I suppose that could be a threat, but what should I do instead of what has been proposed?"
"I'm not going to suggest something if you're going to immediately reject it and never again think about it."
"What could you possibly say that would upset me now?"
Charles glanced back down at the small device in his hand, "Plenty actually."
[Vann] was spared responding as [Charles]'s assistant stumbled into the room carrying two mugs. She blinked and hesitated, looking as if she wanted to bolt out of the room like always with the Emperor present.
"Come on in!" said [Charles] turning to her as he waved at her.
She swallowed and quickly stepped forwards, "Your tea," raising one of the mugs towards [Charles] and then glancing down looked at the other one she was holding.
"Would you like a cup Emperor?" she asked her voice barely audible.
"I'm fine, tea's not exactly something to have right before you spar."
"Of course."
Holding the mug out [Charles] took it from her and sipped.
"Availing yourself of my hospitality I see," said [Vann] mildly as he smelled the tea, it was one of the more expensive varieties growing only in a single valley of the home world.
"My wisdom is worth some tea. I would have raided the Emperors' bar but it's empty. Aren't you supposed to have three-hundred-year-old liquors or something?"
[Vann] smiled at that.
"Got rid of all of it when I took out the table and the gardens as a child. I had an overly dramatic view of its effects. Although you seem to be bringing the childish notion that any amount of alcohol is a bad idea," said [Vann] dryly.
[Charles] grunted and took another sip of his tea.
The doors behind them opened and [Reece] quietly moved into the room.
"Are you ready?" he asked as he took off the long jacket he usually wore and placed it on a rack as he took out a dulled knife as well.
"I am."
[Vann] holding his knife aloft stepped onto the mats as the sun rose, [Reece] did the same and the two slowly began to circle.
One of the first lesson's [Vann] had been taught as a child was to never attack first, in any evenly matched encounter you never attacked first, or at the very least you attacked when you had the element of surprise.
Knowing this [Reece] moved first. Stepping into the light streaming from the windows the bodyguard angled the knife he was holding, flashing the light in [Vann]'s eyes. He knew a trick was coming but still winced as the light hit.
[Reece] darted forwards, [Vann] lashed out deflecting the hand with the knife away with his free hand while moving to stab at [Reece]'s abdomen. The man casually deflected the knife and began to slowly inch his knife in towards [Vann] using brute force instead of technique.
Grunting [Vann] kicked out causing them both to stumble away from one another less they fall on top of one another and the match devolve into a game of pure luck.
Tripping one of the mat's [Vann] fell and rolled to the side as he heard the sound of glass shattering. Wondering what had happened he paused for a half second. [Reece] for his part seemed similarly stunned, his eyes were locked on something behind [Vann].
Turning [Vann] looked over to see that one of the old windows had broken inwards, it was now littering the mat.
"What?"
A distant explosion sounded and [Reece] frowning quickly produced a small sidearm from somewhere and turning to his Comm picking it up.
"Report!" he growled.
"Down everyone down!" Shouted [Charles] as he dropped his mug and himself down to the floor, and grabbed at [Yuka] dragging her down with him as he moved behind a rack of training weapons.
The far doors of the room burst open and a group of men in armor and helmet's streamed into the room weapons raised.
[Reece] smoothly responded, stepping in front of [Vann] a small personal shield snapping into place with a low hum. Reaching into his belt the bodyguard leveled a gun at the door, even as more men continued to pour through it.
The men seeing him let loose with their weapons focusing in on him.
[Reece] calmly aimed and fired at each man in turn, his pistol letting off a small twang with each discharge. With every precise shot another of the attackers fell.
It took [Vann] a moment to realize that the weapons they were using were kinetic based, and had almost no possibility of breaching the shield. Still they continued to fire.
[Vann] flipped the knife around and stood behind the bodyguard looking at the other door in case someone decided to enter from that direction. It was a classic strategy, distract and intimidate in one location then enter from another to complete the attack. Still, it remained closed.
"Weapons down! Put your weapons down!" shouted [Vann] from behind his bodyguard as he resisted the urge to peak out from behind the man to look at the attackers. They ignored him and continued to fire the useless weapons.
After a moment something was shouted in an alien tongue.
"What?" shouted [Charles] from where he was behind the weapons rack and on the ground.
A look of intense concentration on his face [Charles] shouted something in an alien language as well.
[Vann] heard a small abeyance in the rate of fire, before with a shout it continued again.
[Charles] yelped and glancing over at him [Vann] saw that several of the men were now shooting at him and his servant. The man was practically on top of her, covering the younger class B with his own body.
[Yuka] suddenly cried out in pain, and [Vann] saw a small splash of greenish blood on the mats next to the two.
[Charles] stared at her for a half moment, before scrambling unconcerned with the attackers moved to press his hands to the woman's abdomen trying to staunch the flow of blood.
The men attacking continued to press for only a moment, but when with a particularly well placed shot [Reece] hit the leader's head causing it to burn and melt away slightly, the rest quickly broke and ran.
One man hesitated and glancing back at [Charles] threw his weapon to the side. He shouted something but [Charles] ignored him, his attention on [Yuka].
The sound of the general alarm went off and [Vann] winced as he heard the sound of the other guards in the palace storming out after the men. The loud twangs from the larger weapons sounded for at most a second. They were all now most certainly dead.
"[Reece] we need," began [Vann] even as the bodyguard raised his gun and fired again hitting the man who had surrender in the head dropping him.
"Him alive," finished [Vann] lamely as the now headless man slumped forwards.
Looking around Reece spared a glance back at him.
"My job is not to leave people who have threatened you alive."
[Vann] looked at the bodyguard for a moment, "No I suppose not."
"Medical kit, now!" demanded [Charles] from where he was on the floor.
[Reece] glanced over at him, "I cannot move without disabling this shield, and the Emperor is not risking his life for a class B, when I receive an all clear I will move," said [Reece].
[Charles] looked at [Vann] and [Reece] for a moment and then down at [Yuka].
The woman was gasping, and her eyes were wide with fear.
Unbidden the image of a woman who had practically melted in front of him flashed through [Charles]'s mind. Slowly moving his wyes away from her face, [Charles] winced as he spotted exactly where she had been hit. A gut shot, and deep one at that was something that even with energy weapons was dangerous, and he knew from the skirmishes for the Martian base that with human weapons much the same fate was expected.
"Damn it."
Scrambling to his feet, stumbling and falling onto the mat once [Charles] moved across the room and towards the last man who had tried to surrender. Not looking at his ruined helmet [Charles] quickly began patting the body down, searching through the pockets of the armor.
"What are you doing?" asked [Reece] as he continued to look around for any further threats.
"Saving her," growled [Charles].
Finding what he was looking for [Charles] quickly moved back to [Yuka] and pulling the protected needle case free from the alien injector plunged it into the woman's side right next to the wound.
[Yuka] gasped and let out a whimper, before she went limp.
[Charles] grabbed a towel from the training weapon's rack and pressed it to her side, trying to stop the flow of blood.
"All clear," said someone over the Comm on [Reece]'s wrist.
"Do another sweep," growled [Reece].
Slowly the bodyguard lowered his weapon and the shield dropped away. He winced and fell to one knee, quickly reaching up he pulled open his shirt and dropped the shield away from himself and onto the mat where it quickly began to melt the material causing it to smoke slightly.
"You alright?" asked [Vann].
"Those experimental units still produce a lot of heat."
[Vann] looked down at the man and winced at the large burns now on his chest.
"If I tell you to go get medical attention will you listen?" asked [Vann].
"No."
"Make sure you get it before the end of the day."
"I will."
Turning around to [Charles] [Vann] slowly walked over to him and reaching down picked up the small injector.
"What is this?"
[Charles] looked up, "That would be a human medical invention. Nano-machines they called them, small robots that when injected aide the body in recovery. They won't save a man from what would otherwise be certain death, but can pull someone on the precipice of never returning back from it."
"Then these attackers?"
"Are human," said [Charles].
Standing up [Reece] walked over to the attackers and reaching down pulled a patch off of the man's arm who had tried to surrender.
Looking at it for a moment he examined the fabric and then slowly walked back to [Charles].
"Can you read this?"
[Charles] looked at it for a moment, "It says [Tranquility Base], the human's name was Mack."
[Reece] was silent for a moment, "You mean to tell me that a C species managed to not only gain access to the home world, but to the palace itself?"
[Charles] slowly shook his head.
"This was unorganized, and sloppy for a Human attack."
The door's closer to the group slammed open, both [Vann] and [Reece] raised their weapons.
"Emperor!" shouted the Commander.
"Get her medical attention, and clean up the rest of the bodies. Seal them in the medical wing, do not allow anyone but myself access to them. Do not report this to anyone else. Understand?" asked [Vann].
The man blinked, "Yes Emperor."
"Move!" shouted [Vann].
Several soldiers quickly stepped forwards and grabbed [Yuka] and producing a stretcher picked her up and moved her away.
"Emperor,"
"Out!" shouted [Vann].
The Commander's eyes flicked to [Reece]. The Bodyguard subtly nodded. The Commander bowed his head and quickly exited.
Slowly getting to his feet [Charles] looked at [Vann].
"Explain," demanded [Vann].
"If Humans had actually made it here, you would be dead. In fact, you should be dead," [Charles] gestured at the broken glass.
"A human long distance shooter can attack from kilometers away with precision. Instead the glass was only shattered."
Walking over to the body of the C1764, [Charles] stooped down and pulled at the man's uniform.
He grimaced and took a step back.
"Neither do they allow emaciated and injured men like this to carry out attacks."
[Vann] looked at the C1764's chest, it was covered in hundreds of small and half healed cuts, his ribs, with an extra set were visible through his pale skin.
"You are suggesting?" asked [Vann].
"I don't know." Muttered [Charles].
"The class C's have spread to be a more pervasive threat, with these new policies in place they attempted to assassinate the Emperor, and end his lineage. I think the intent is plain," growled Reece.
[Charles] shook his head again, "No, I'm telling you if this were truly a human attack we would all be dead. Shield or no shield."
[Reece] inclined his head, "I don't much care at the moment. Someone managed to get past every layer of security I set up, and has been set up over the past [100] years. To do that should be impossible. I need to find the breech."
"You need medical attention," said [Vann].
Another louder explosion sounded from far away and everyone glanced up, a small personal transport, breaking every regulation quickly shot up into the air in the distance, far from the grounds.
Rocketing upwards into the sky it twisted, and moved as if someone were fighting to control it.
The three of them watched as it continued to twist and move in the air. It continued to quickly rise and move away from the Palace grounds.
"I'm going to stay where I am for the moment," growled [Reece].
[Vann] slowly nodded.

The Canada

"The Imperial ship moved off?" asked Stagg.
"The Patrol vessel has retreated away from the planet to the outer reaches of the system," said Arik.
"Inform me if they jump away, if they do than all we need to do is destroy the beacon and disable our own tachyon drives to cut this system off," said Derrick.
"I will."
"So any bright ideas about how to play this?" asked Derrick as he turned to look at the image on the alien planet on the screen. The planet could have been Earth, except the landmass was only about 60% of the planet's surface and the atmosphere had a slight haze to it. The pollution was thick enough now that it was visible from space.
Like Earth's atmosphere had been right up until people started abandoning her for mars and the restoration projects had begun in earnest.
It was home to species C1803 the next target for extermination by the Empire.
"We never made protocols for this, first contact under duress and with a need for expediency," muttered Stagg.
"I would suggest we go in with as much flash as possible, an impressive display of power and might at least convince them that we could strong arm them into cooperating." Said Arik.
"We only need them for additional electromagnetic modules, even the smallest faction in this war on their world could manufacture them. They don't even have to take our warning about the Empire seriously, hell I'm betting they won't," said Derrick.
"I'm not very confident either. We will at least feel better having done so, and no doubt when the Empire does attack they will fight back regardless."
"Unless they use the same weapon they used on Earth."
"Considering most of the other 'exterminations'," Arik hesitated at the description for only a moment, "are a matter of public record and have been carried out by orbital bombardment and ground troops I would hazard a guess that the Earth genocide was atypical. We had advanced faster than they predicted and our development of FTL space travel was not something they could abide. So our fate needed to be definite and swift."
"That doesn't mean they couldn't use the same weapon again," said Stagg.
"We'll have to fight to make sure any missiles or bombs they have don't get a chance to enter the atmosphere."
Stagg groaned and put her head in her hands.
"There are so many things wrong with even considering this. We're going to be disrupting their entire culture at the very least, and perhaps be the final spark in a global war of, how many sides is it?" asked Stagg looking over at Arik's console.
"Two main sides, the Hern and Pon. The Hern are larger but more divided internally, almost to a degree that their largest factions the Hern purists and traditionalists will most likely go to war with one another if they do manage to defeat the Pon."
"And this is a religious war?" asked Stagg.
"As much as a global war can be, religious reasons are being touted as the banners for each side, but economic and government visions are intermixed. The religion is the excuse to fight, not the reason for most I would suspect. It's like any war on Earth, you can point to any one event in retrospect as the trigger. Which in this case was a disruption at a religious holiday that killed both Hern and Pon, each side blamed another, no actual attacker was identified and both sides with their respective governments went to war."
"And the religious differences are?" asked Stagg.
"The Hern and Pon share a similar religious root, and the main point of contention is the gender of their creator. Hern is the main religious root, which asserts the creator is female. The Pon which splintered away some 1500 years ago asserts that the creator is genderless and without form, as described by a religious leader Ikil whom both sides revere as a teacher. This is only the larger difference and the Hern and Pon religions are only the predominant ones on the planet. There are many which bear similarities to spirituality and the Greek pantheon of gods from Earth."
"So their religion is just as confusing as ours," deadpanned Derrick as he tried to understand it all.
"A little more simplistic actually, there are not many branches beyond the Hern and the Pon within the main religious root."
"Based on the data from their networks can you determine where the best place to host an impartial meeting would be?" asked Stagg.
"The current political tension is high; an offensive was just carried out by the Pon against the Hern whereby they claimed several islands in a forward offensive. Both sides are what would be an equivalent of Defcon 2 level readiness. I do feel as if I should mention that their nuclear weapons as crude as they are still pose a threat to us."
"They don't have high orbital capable missiles do they?" asked Stagg.
"I've hacked into the military networks of both sides, and I do have to say they are in the transitory phase from paper medium to electronics so I might not have access to everything but no. In any case they do not have anything which we would not be able to easily detect."
"What about a shuttle?"
"One of our shuttles would be able to easily disable any missiles aimed at it either through an automatic kinetic strike or messing with the primitive targeting software."
Stagg moved up from her seat letting herself aimlessly float in the center of the bridge for a moment as she thought.
"What does their popular culture say aliens will do when they visit? I want to know what the range of reactions might be."
"Much like with Earth the advancement of technology and forays into primitive satellite technology has spawned a public interest in space travel. The most common behavior is like Earth a direct alien invasion. Other more nuanced tales have aliens coming to their planet as benevolent caretakers to aid and remedy all ills while playing politics. A few have the aliens coming to resolve the religious conflict by proclaiming one side is right, and a vast majority of the lower brow literature has aliens coming to the planet for sex."
Stagg snorted at that, "Why am I not surprised. Can you make an educated guess to what might happen with our request for aide and our warning?"
Arik was silent for several moments.
"It was one of the first things I did. Neither faction will trust us, each will accuse us of allying with the other, and their internal conflict will escalate. When the Empire does invade, if they do head our warning they will still not be able to fight back on much of anything but ground warfare. Their ICBM's might be able to reach targets in lower orbit, but without lowered shields they would be ineffective."
Arik displayed an image on the main screen, something that looked like it was from one of the first attempts at science fiction television on Earth, save for the fact that the aliens had the better makeup and the creatures resembling humans looked shoddy.
"My recommendation would be to explain the situation, and then demand and threaten for the magnetic components we need to place in orbit to extend the effect of our negation field."
"I'm not going to bomb them just for refusing us!"
"Would you not trade a city to save an entire planet?" asked Arik her voice low.
"We're not even sure we would be able to defend them with the magnetic extension components!"
"Then they will die only a few months earlier."
Stagg shook her head.
"Can I offer a suggestion?" asked Derrick.
"Please."
"We demonstrate our weapons in the ocean, let them see that we can produce multiple kinetic strikes in quick succession with explosive equivalents to nuclear weapons they currently have. Explain we could conquer them in an instant with only our one ship, but say we need them to fight in the future."
"That would work I think, if we demonstrate it casually. It would work since I was considering where we might be able to meet with government representatives. There is a small nation in the middle of the ocean between the two sides which has remained independent and played host to negotiations between the two. The island is dominated in religion by the pseudo-Greek pantheon god believers, whom espouse nonviolence. It will be the most neutral ground to meet so far as I can tell."
Stagg drifted back down into her seat and hooking her feet into the appropriate handles looked up at the small camera that served as the bridge recorder.
"You know for future reference; I have no good idea about how to handle this. I cannot however stand idly by and let billions more be killed when we have the opportunity and a need to warn them."
She paused.
"Arik, do you have a first contact package ready?"
"I do; do you want me to transmit it with the request for a meeting in [12 hours]? That is the fastest the representatives will be able to make it to the coordinates with the modes of transport available to them."
Stagg paused and considered what she was about to do again. The alien's were operating at an equivalent to humanities 1980's level of technology. They knew about computers and thought about aliens. They had not reached out towards the stars yet, and if the Empire had their way they never would.
They were violent and divided, fighting pointless wars and arguing ideology. Stagg smiled slightly, it was a familiar hypocrisy at least.
"Do it."
"Beginning transmission, this will have to be done in real-time. I am at the moment hijacking every other radio and television broadcast system. There will no doubt be a slight panic."
"I really hope they don't decide to nuke themselves now," muttered Derrick.
The next Chapter will be posted on July 15th at 5 PM!
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Chapter 31
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Edit: Correction to the landmass, 60% not 20%
submitted by Weerdo5255 to HFY [link] [comments]


2016.06.01 16:05 Zalogon Primaria 4

府 Government

訓読み- No tiene
音読み- フ
ejemplos
政府(せいふ) Government

不 FU prefijo como in- im- en español y un- en ingles

訓読み- No tiene :D
音読み- フ
ejemplos
不可能(ふうかのう) IMposible
不足(ふそく) INsuficiente
この地域では水が不足している Water is scarce in this area
彼は経験不足を補うために一生懸命に働いた He worked hard to make up for his lack of experience.
不幸(ふこう) UNhappy cuando es adj; DESGRACIA/bad luck cuando es sustantivo;
彼女は自分の不幸な運命にため息をついた。She sighed over her unhappy fate
空腹は最大の社会的不幸の一つである Hunger is one of the greatest social miseries
戦争は恐ろしい不幸を引き起こすWar causes terrible miseries
彼は貧乏なのを不幸のせいにする He ascribes his poverty to bad luck
貧しい人々が必ず不幸であるとは限らない The poor are not always unhappy
不注意(ふうちゅうい) descuidado
彼女は不注意運転で罰せられた She was punished for careless driving
ドアに鍵をかけ忘れるなんて不注意でした It was careless of me to forget to lock the door
不思議(ふしぎ) Maravilla; misterioso; fantasioso; extraño (as in strange coincidence).
この湖についての不思議な伝説が位言い伝えられえている。A mysterious legend has been handed down about this lake
皆留守だというのに、不思議なことに家中の電灯がついていた。Strange to say, all the lights in the house were on, though no one was at home
彼女がその賞を受賞したのは少しも不思議ではない It is no wonder that she was given the prize.
この薬は鼻水に不思議なほどよく効く。 This medicine will do wonders for a runny nose
私は昨日不思議な夢を見ました。I had a strange dream last night
不安(ふあん) uneasiness

夫 Husband

訓読み- おっと
音読み- フ・フウ
ejemplos
夫(おっと) neutral word for “husband”. Safe to use it for your own husband or husbands in general. Also what appears in legal documents.
日本では妻は夫に従うのが当然とされていた。It was almost obligatory for a wife to obey her husband in Japan.
Notas extra de un japo:
A wife can say for her husband = (私の)夫・主人 both interchangeable. (*1)
A husband can say for his wife = (私の)妻・家内 both interchangeable
you can say for somebody's wife =(○○さんの/あなたの)奥さん・奥様
You can say for somebody's husband = (○○さんの/あなたの)御主人(ご主人)・御主人様(most polite)
The maid would say 奥さま, ご主人さま. Para wife and husband respectively bc they’re both superior
(*1) Even for a Japanese, we are often confused with which word would be proper to use, so in official or business settings, or when speaking to your senior, 主人 is kind of "a safer word" to use. However, it is speaker's choice and both are correct and natural. (You don't need to know this, just for info.)
夫婦(ふうふ) a (married) couple
大丈夫(だいじょうぶ) daijoubu. I’m not gonna pretend you don’t know this from anime. Así es, los kanjis son gran-genio-marido, no tiene sentido :v deal with it

副 Secundario

訓読み- No tiene :D
音読み- フク
ejemplos
副作用(ふくさよう) side-effect
この薬に副作用はありません Esta medicina no tiene efectos secundarios
副社長(ふくしゃちょう) Vice president of a company
副大統領(ふくだいとうりょう) Vice-president of a country
副詞(ふくし) Adverbio

粉 Polvo

訓読み- こな・こ
音読み- フン
ejemplos
粉(こな) Polvo
粉々に(こなごなに) To pieces
コップは床に落ちて、粉々に割れた。The cup fell to the ground, shattering to pieces.
彼女は金づちで鏡を粉々にしました She shattered the mirror with a hammer.
屋根から落ちてきたタイルは粉々に砕けた。The tiles that fell from the roof broke into very small pieces.
小麦粉(こむぎこ) Harina
花粉症(かふんしょう) Hay fever; pollen allergy

兵 Milicia

訓読み- No importa tanto
音読み- ヘイ
ejemplos
兵士(へいし) Soldado; Cadete
兵器(へいき) Armas militares
核兵器(かくへいき) Armas nucleares
化学兵器(かがくへいき) Armas químicas
古代兵器(こだいへいき) Ancient weapons

別 Distinción; Discernir

訓読み- わか
音読み- ベツ
ejemplos
別れ(わかれ) despedida
彼は手を振って我々に別れを告げた。Nos dijo adiós con la mano.
彼女は私に別れのあいさつを述べた。She bade farewell to me.
彼は別れも告げずに行ってしまった。He left without saying goodbye.
彼は俺に別れも告げずに立ち去った。He left without even telling me.
人生は出会いと別れでできてるんだ。Life is made of encounters and partings.
お別れを言いにちょっと立ち寄ってみました。I just dropped in to say goodbye.
別れる(わかれる) to split. No necesariamente de “break up” sino partir caminos en general
トムは彼女に別れ話を切り出した。Tom started talking to his girlfriend about breaking up.
トムはついにメアリーと別れる決意をした。Tom finally made up his mind to leave Mary.
トムはガールフレンドと別れた。Tom broke up with his girlfriend.
ボブとルーシーが別れたんだって。I hear that Bob and Lucy have broken up.
彼女は別れた夫に赤ちゃんを任せた。She committed her baby to her divorced husband.
そんな彼氏とは絶対別れた方がいいよ。He's the kind of boyfriend you really should break up with.
別れる前に彼は彼女にいつも口づけをしています。He always kisses his girlfriend goodbye when they part ways.
二人の学生は曲がり角にくると別れた。The two students parted when they reached the corner.
特別(とくべつ) Especial
彼にはそこへいく特別の理由はなかった He had no particular reason to go there
服装に関する特別な規則はない There are no special rules as regards what clothes we should wear
それをするには特別な道具が必要だろう You'll need a special tool to do it
トムは特別な子です Tom is a special child.
あなたは別に特別じゃない。You're not so special.
彼女は特別な作り方でパンを焼いている。She has a special way of making bread.
ベジタリアン用の特別メニューはありますか? Do you have a special menu for vegetarians?
別の(べつの) diferente; otro; alternativo
別の本を探して欲しいです。 Could you find another book?
私たちは別の方法を採用した。We adopted an alternative method.
ごめんなさい、別の約束があるの。Lo siento, tengo otro compromiso.
詩を別の言語に翻訳するのは難しい。It is difficult to translate a poem into another language.
ここから出る別の方法はありますか? Is there another way out of here?
数日後、トムは別の仕事を見つけた。A few days later, Tom found another job.
知識を得るのと、その知識を用いるのとは全く別のことである。 Una cosa es adquirir conocimiento. Aplicarlo es una cosa totalmente distinta.
蔵書があるということと、それを活用することとは別のことだ。To own a library is one thing and to use it is another.
「通じる英語が話せる」のと「英語が完璧にできる」のとは全く別のことです。There is a vast difference between being able to make oneself understood in English and mastering the English language perfectly.
Comments de un japo:
別の means "another one but same type product(or object.)".
他の means "other which is different type from first one."
Comments de otro japo:
このりんごは腐っているから、別のを選ぶ。(this apple have rotted, so I choose another one.)
りんごは好きではないから、他の果物を選ぶ。( I don't like apple, so I choose other kind of fluits.)
Comments de otro japo:
ほぼ同じです。It is almost same.
「別の」は、少しカジュアル、または少し冷たい印象で、モノに使う事が多いです(ただし、人にも使えます。)。"別の" is a little bit casual, and it looks like cold, so it is used for things, mainly. (However, it could be used for Human.)
「他の」は、フォーマルです。全ての場合に使えます。 "他の" is formal. It could be used for every situation.
Comments de otro japo:
When you went to buy clothes, and you found the clothes you want, but you want to get a different color.
If the store has many colors, you can ask 他の色(いろ)を見(み)せてください.
If the store has only a few colors, you can ask 別の色を見せてください.
When you were asked how to go to a store you don't know at all, and you don't know if there's a person who knows the store around there, you can say both 他の人に聞いてください and 別の人に聞いてください.
Comments de otro japo:
One way to understand the difference is that the antonym of 他 is 自 (self, identity) whereas the antonyms of 別 are 同 (same), 一緒 (together) and 共(together).
別に(べつに) en particular; aparte; single something/someone out
短気なのを別にすれば、彼女は申し分がない。Apart from her temper, she’s alright
2、3の欠点を別にすれば、彼は信頼できるパートナーだ。 Apart form a few faults, he is a trustworthy partner.
たまにまる1日ぼけっとしていても別に悪いことじゃない It’s no crime to just idle the whole day once in a while
たまに朝飯を抜いたって別うに悪ういことじゃない。 It’s no crime to skip breakfast once in a while.
彼の両親を別にすると、誰もその容疑者を擁護しないだろう。Apart from his parents, nobody would defend the suspect.
ソースを別にください。La salsa aparte por favor
「A: 腰はいたむ?」「B:いや、別に」「Aそう、それは不幸中の幸いね」A “Te duele la espalda?” B “No en particular” A: “bueno, por lo menos es ganancia”
区別(くべつ) distinción; telling things apart
彼の双子の妹たちを区別することができない No puedo distinguir a las gemelas
犬は色を区別することができない El perro no puede distinguir los colores
羊と山羊の区別がわかりますか Can you tell a sheep from a goat
顔だけでイギリス人とアメリカ人を区別することは難しい It's hard to tell Englishmen from Americans just by the way they look
看護に携わる女性を「看護婦」、男性を「看護士」と区別していた呼称は、2002年に「看護師」に統一して変更された。The separate names used for female nurses "kangofu" and male nurses "kangoshi", were unified in 2002 into "kangoshi"
性別(せいべつ) gender
性別による差別は禁じられています Discrimination on the basis of gender is prohibited.
この部屋の中にいる人は皆性別が同じ。Todas las personas en esta sala son del mismo género.
別々に(べつべつに) por aparte; individualmente
勘定は別々にしてください。Por favor denos las cuentas por aparte
感情署は別々にお願いします。We’d like separate checks
彼らは別々に住んでいる。Ellos viven por aparte
別々に包んでください Por favor empáquelo por aparte
差別(さべつ) Discriminación
人種差別(じんしゅさべつ) Discriminación racial
性差別(せいさべつ) Discriminación por género
分別(ぶんべつ) juicio mental (habilidad de discernir lo racional de lo irracional)
きちんと分別のある人は決して盲信などしません。A person of good sense will certainly not believe blindly.

辺 Vicinity

訓読み- あた・べ
音読み- ヘン
ejemplos
辺り(あたり) area; rumbo
このあたりは空気がきれいだ The air is pure around here
私はこの辺りに不案内だ I'm a stranger in these parts
あたりを見まわしたが、何も見えなかった I looked around, but saw nothing
私もこの辺りは初めてです。お役に立てないと思います I'm a stranger here myself. I'm afraid I can't help you
この辺(このへん) same thing as このあたり; por aqui; por esta area
この辺だと思います I think it's around here
ジョンはこのへんには友達がいない John has no friends here
正方形には四つの辺がある A square has four sides
まだその辺にいるのかな Are you still around
海辺(うみべ) por la playa; el area por donde esta la playa; n the vicinity of the beach Comments de un japo
海辺 is more vague and broader. 海岸沿いの道 (a road alongside the beach) can be rephrased as 海辺の道.

変 change

訓読み- か
音読み- ヘン
ejemplos
変える(かえる) I change something
私の忠告にもかかわらず彼は決心を変えようとしない He will not change his mind in spite of my advice
彼は仕事を変えた He changed his job
暗殺が世界の歴史を変えたことはない Assassination has never changed the history of the world
変わる(かわる) algo cambia
秋に木の葉は赤や黄色に変わる In the fall, the leaves turn red and gold
信号が青に変わるまで待ちなさい Wait until the light changes to green
相変わらず(あいかわらず) as always
変わった人 a strange person; an odd fellow
「トムのこと嫌いなの?」「嫌いじゃないよ。ちょっと変わった人だなとは思うけど」 "Do you hate Tom?" "I don't hate him, but I do think he's a bit strange."
変な人(へんなひと) Una persona rara que no te da una buena impresión.
変更(へんこう) Modificación; alteración; cambio
予約を3泊から5泊に変更したい I'd like to change my reservation from three to five nights
価格は予告なしに変更されることがあります。The prices are subject to change without notice.
列車が遅れて到着したので、彼らは予定を変更しなければならなかった。They had to change their schedule because the train arrived late.
彼は私に計画の変更を知らせてきた。He acquainted me with the change of the plan.
変化(へんか) Transformación; cambio. Change official plans.
天候が急に変化した。La temperatura cambió bruscamente
患者の病状は日ごとに変化する La condición del paciente cambia día tras día.
いつの日かこの芋虫は美しい蝶へと変化することでしょう。This caterpillar will become a beautiful butterfly.
Comments de un japo:
"変更する"は、公式な予定などを変えるときに使うことが多いです。
「明日の集合場所を"変更"します。」・・・「変える」で言いかえられます
変化する"は、自然となにかが変わったときに使うことが多いです。
「秋には葉が黄色や赤色に"変化"します。」・・・「変わる」で言いかえられます
変(へん) raro
大変(たいへん) Terrible(por si solo); tremendamente (al lado de adjetivos); AF; intensely
大変だ!ESTO ES TERRIBLE!
彼は今大変忙しい。Terriblemente ocupado
その車は大変速い Ese carro es tremendamente rápido
大変助かりました。esa fue una tremenda ayuda
彼女は大変頭がいい。ella es tremendamente inteligente
あの橋は大変美しい。That bridge is beautiful AF
私は大変腹立たしい。 I am angry AF
大変申し訳ありません。I am very sorry
変態(へんたい) Pervertido

便

訓読み- たよ
音読み- ベン・ビン
ejemplos
便り(たより) news from someone (how they’re doing and stuff, not on the newspaper lol)
依然として彼から便りがない I still haven’t heard from him
最近お姉さんから便りがありますか。 Have you heard from your sister lately?
私は母から毎月便りをもらう。I hear from my mother every month.
郵便局(ゆうびんきょく) Oficina de correos
航空便(こうくうびん) airmail
便利(べんり) Conveniente
不便(ふべん) Inconveniente
小便(しょうべん) Termino médico para “pipí” :v orina
排便(はいべん) Término medico para “defecación”

包 Envolver

訓読み- つつ
音読み- ホウ
Ejemplos
包む(つつむ) Envolver. Broad meaning; To wrap
美しい包装紙に包んでもらえますか Could you gift wrap it?
彼女は赤ん坊を毛布で包んだ。She wrapped her baby in a blanket
私たちは、爆発の音を聞き、その家が急に炎に包まれるのを見た We heard the explosion and saw the house burst into flames
包み隠す(つつみかくす) to cover up (the truth)
政治家が、インサイダー取引を包み隠そうとした。the politician tried to cover up the insider trading
小包(こづつみ) parcel; un paquete que envías por correo
彼に小包を送った。I emailed a parcel to him
包み(つつみ) paquete pero no es algo que necesariamente tienes la intención de enviar por correo; algo envuelto. Se usa mucha para referirse a algo envuelto para regalo.
包みを開けて下さい Please undo the package
このインスタントスープは1つ1つ包みの中に入っているThis instant soup comes in individual packets
とにかくその包みはどこかに置きなさい Just put those packages anywhere
包帯(ほうたい) bandage
医者は少年のけがをした足に包帯をした。El doctor bendó la pierna lastimada del joven
包丁(ほうちょう) kitchen knife 包装(ほうそう) envoltura; forma formal de decir 包み
食品包装は腐敗を減らす Food packaging reduces spoilage
それを贈り物として包装していただきたいのですが I'd like to have that gift wrapped
クリスマスプレゼント用に包装してください Could you wrap it in Christmas wrapping

法 El pasado

訓読み- さ
音読み- コ
ejemplos
去る(さる) una persona parte (de un lugar); una cosa o evento cesa; things pass
彼は永久にアフリカを去った He left Africa forever
彼はさよならも言わずに去って行った He left without saying goodbye
その翌日、彼は去った The next day he went away
我々は最悪の事態が去ったことを知って大いに安心した We were greatly relieved to find that the worst dangers were over
雪は解け去った The snow has melted away
その翌日、彼は去った He left the next day
彼がなぜ突然町を去ったかは依然としてなぞである It is still a mystery why he suddenly left the town
過去(かこ) El pasado
私たちは過去を後悔しがちである We are given to regretting our past
警察は彼の過去と経歴を調べた The police looked into his past record
自分の過去をじっくりと振り返ってみてもよいだろう It's time to reflect on your past
この世を去る To leave this world
立ち去る(たちさる) To walk away
話が退屈だったので彼らは一人また一人と立ち去って行った The speech was so boring that they went away one by one
Comments de un japo:
立ち去る is to walk away on foot from some place. If you get on a car or train immediately after saying goodbye to someone, that's not 立ち去る. 去る has a broader sense, "to leave" in general. Depending on the context, it can mean something very strong, for example, quitting a company forever, parting with someone forever. when you describe something that can happen everyday, 立ち去る would sound a bit safer.
走り去る(はしりさる) to run away
小さい少年たちはドアのベルをならして走り去った。The small boys rang the door bell and ran away.
警官を見ると男は走り去った。Seeing the policeman, the man ran away.
去年(きょねん) El año pasado
過去形(かこけい) Past tense
過ぎ去る(すぎさる) To pass by
暗がりを1台の車が過ぎ去った A car passed by in the dark
数年が過ぎ去った。Several years passed by
彼の死後10年が過ぎ去った 10 years have gone by since his death

望 Deseo

訓読み- のぞ
音読み- ボウ
ejemplos
望む(のぞむ) desear; desire
誰もが永久平和を望んでいる。Everybody wants permanent peace.
国民全体が大きな変化を望んでいるThe country at large is hoping for great changes
みんな彼女が勝つことを望んだ Everyone hoped that she would win
私達は平和を望みますWe hope for peace
えみがすぐ現われることを望みます。もう待ちくたびれました I hope that Emi will appear soon. I'm tired of waiting for her
彼は日本で自分の絵を展示したいと望んでいる He hopes to exhibit his paintings in Japan
望み(のぞみ) ILUSIÓN; wishes, anhelo; sueño que suena imposible. こうなればよいと思うこと
彼の望みはハムレットの役を演じることです His ambition is to play the part of Hamlet
彼の望みは実現したようだ。His wishes, it seems, have come true
彼は望みを捨てた。 He gave up hope
ついに私の望みは叶った。 Finally, my wish has come true
彼は彼自身の望みに反してそれをするように説得された。He was persuaded into doing it against his own wishes
希望(きぼう) Esperanza; to long for; aspiration; 希望する; esperar (con esperanza) que…; more literary than 望む
その成功で彼は希望に燃えた The success animated him with hope
彼は決して希望を失わない He never loses hope
希望を捨ててはいけないよ You must not give up hope
彼の両親は、ジャーナリストになりたいという彼の希望には賛成しなかった His parents did not sympathize with his hope to become a journalist
>生きている限り希望がある While there is life, there is hope
君が共産主義者にならないように希望する。 I hope you’ll never turn communist.
彼の希望は無残に砕かれた。His hopes were shattered
彼は弁護士になっれると言う希望に執着していた。He clung to thee hope that her could become a lawyer
願望(がんぼう) deep desire
私の願望は母親を助けるために医者になることだ. I want to become a doctor to save my mother's life.
人間はいつでも二つの基本的な願望を持っている。即ち苦痛から逃れること、快楽に到達することである Human beings usually have two basic desires: to get away from pain and to arrive at pleasure
高望み(たかのぞみ) aim too high

牧 pastor

訓読み- No importa tanto
音読み- ボク
ejemplos
牧師(ぼくし) El reverendo de la iglesia

末 El fin de algo

訓読み- すえ
音読み- マツ
ejemplos
週末 (しゅうまつ) Fin de semana
今週末 This weekend
私たちはすばらしい週末を過ごしました We had a wonderful weekend
週末に泳ぎにいきませんか How about going for a swim this weekend
月末(げつまつ) fin de mes
月末に近づいている The month is drawing to an end
彼は博士論文を月末までに教授に提出しなければならない His doctoral thesis must be submitted to the professor by the end of the month
彼は月末までにお金をすべて使ってしまっているでしょう He will have spent all his money by the end of the month
月末にはお金がほとんどなくなります I have so little money at the end of the month
年末(ねんまつ) fin de año
橋は今年末までには完成されるだろう The bridge will be completed by the end of this year
年末は猫の手も借りたいほど忙しくなる We become very shorthanded at the end of the year
結末(けつまつ) the ending; El desenlace de una historia
私は悲しい結末の物語が好きです。Me gustan las historias con finales tristes
その映画の結末はどうなっていますか? How does the film end?
そのミステリーの結末を私に教えないで。No me spoils el final del misterio
物語は結末に近づいた。The story drew to a conclusion
「その話の結末はハッピー・エンドですか」「まあ、とにかく、心温まる結末ではありました "Does the story have a happy ending?" "Well, a warm one, anyway.
今年末(ことしすえ、ことしまつ, こんねんまつ) Comments de una persona no japonesa que vive en Japón
Both ことしすえand ことしまつ Are fine but they are slightly different. すえ is more long term like the last two weeks of December まつ is like December 30th.
Comments de un japo al preguntarle como lee 今年末:
こんねんまつ 普通は年末しか言わない ことしすえも言い方としては言えるけど ねんまつでいいよ 去年の年末 年末 来年の年末 まつとすえは人による こだわるところじゃない 普通ねんまつって言うのにわざわざことしまつって言う人は言わない
期末試験(きまつしけん) End of term exam; finals
末っ子(すえっこ) El mas chiquito de la familia; the baby off the family
両親は末っ子をえこひいきするかもしれない。Parents may favor the youngest child in the family

満 full

訓読み- み
音読み- マン
ejemplos
満ちる(みちる) lleno
彼は人生のドラマに満ちていた。his life was full of drama
ことわざは知恵に満ちている。 Proverbs are full of wisdom
あの政治家は野心に満ちている。That politician is full of ambition
彼の心は苦しみに満ちていた。 His heart is filled with sorrow
満たす(みたす) yo lleno (transitivo)
彼はグラスにワインを満たした。El llenó el vaso con vino
バケツを水で満たしなさい。Lleva la cubeta con agua
そのリンゴは一時的に私空腹を満たしてくれた。The apples appeased my hunger temporarily
みんなの要求を満たすだけの食糧のないところが、世界各地にある。In many parts of the world, there is not enough food to meet everyone’s needs.
満足(まんぞく) Satisfactorio; Satisfecho
彼らは現状に満足している They were happy with how things were
不満(ふまん) insatisfactorio; insatisfecho; a let down
あの社会のサービスには不満だ。I am not satisfied with that company’s service
一般大衆は現在の政府に不満である The public at large is dissatisfied with the government
そのウェイターは大変いい人だったので私たちは食事についての不満を言いたくなかった。The waiter was such a nice man we didn’t like to complain about the meal
肥満(ひまん) obesidad
満点(まんてん) Perfect score (exámenes)
満点を取るつもりだ。 He is going to get full marks
先生は私数学に満点をくれた。 The teacher gave me full marks for math
満開(まんかい) full bloom; estado cuando las flores terminaron de abrirse; florecidas
桜の花は今満開です。The cherry trees are in full bloom now
今週は公園の桜が満開だ。This week the cherry blossoms in the park are in full bloom
満員(まんいん) lugar lleno; no seats left; packed
どのバスも満員です。Every bus is full
ホテッルウはその夜、満員だったので、遅い客か断らざるを得なかった。 Fully booked for the night, the hotel had to turn away some late guests
どの電車も満員で、持ち物を手から放しても落ちないほどです。But eevery train is so crowded that whatever we have in our hands doesn’t fall even if wee let it go.
満月(まんげつ) full moon

未 Todavía

訓読み- ま
音読み- ミ
ejemplos
未だ(まだ) todavía
まだまだだね。catchphrase de prince of tennis
未来(みらい) El futuuro
未熟(みじゅく) estar verde metafóricamente; when te falta practica :v
彼のフランス語の知識は未熟だ。 His knowledge of French is poor.
彼は商売は未だ未熟だ。He is still green in business.
未成年(みせいねん) legal minor; underage person
未満(みまん) under X amount
18歳未満の方は入場できません。People under 18 are not admitted
3歳未満の子供は入場無料 Niños menores a 3 años entran gratis
輸入車は8%未満しか占めていない。 Imported cars account for less than 8%

脈 Vena

訓読み- No tiene
音読み- ミャク
ejemplos
静脈(じょうみゃく) Venas; Veins
人脈(じんみゃく) conexiones con gente your social network;
彼は社外で人脈を築いている。
文脈(ぶんみゃく) Contexto
単語の意味ははそれが使われている文脈で決まる。The meaning of a word is determined by the context where it is used
動脈硬化(どうみゃくこうか) Artherosclerosis

民 EL PUEBLO (la gente del lugar)

訓読み- No importa tanto
音読み- ミン
ejemplos
人民(じんみん) el pueblo (la gente del lugar)
団結した人民は決して敗れない!¡El pueblo unido, jamás será vencido!、
国民(こくみん) the people that form a nation; nacional
中国人はよく働く国民だ。China ese una nación trabajadora
イギリス人は、実際的な国民だと言われてる。The English are said to be a practical people
私たちは保守的な国民。We are a conservative nation
多くの国民が陸軍にい入隊した。A great number of citizens want into the army
戦車や飛行機は軍隊を軍隊を打ち破ることはできようが、国民を征服することはできない Tanks and planes may defeat the troops but they cannot conquer the people
市民(しみん) ciudadano; ciudadanía; community
全良な市民は法律に従う。a good citizen beys the law
私は千葉県市民ですが東京で勤めています. I am a citizen of Chiba but work in Tokyo.
市民プールの監視の仕事に応募しました。I applied for a job as a lifeguard at the community pool.
住民(じゅうみん) habitants; inhabitants
新しい道路は山間の住民の利益になる。 The new road will benefit the people loving in the hills
民主主義(みんしゅしゅぎ) Democracia
民族(みんぞく) ethnic groups

無 Nada

訓読み- な
音読み- ム
ejemplos
言うでも無い(いうでもない) goes without saying)
正直が最上の策であることはいうまでも無い。It goes without saying that honesty is the best policy
母は蛇は言うまでも無く毛虫が嫌いだった。My m other disliked caterpillars not to mention snakes.
無料(むりょう) gratis
無理(むり) imposible
無事(ぶじ) unharmed; safe and sound
無駄(むだ) waste
時間の無駄だ Waste of time
無視(むし) ignorar
私たちの警告を無視して釣りに行くといって聞かなかった He would go fishing in spite of our warning
通りですれ違った時私をわざと無視した。He deliberately ignored me when I passed him in the street
運転者は停止信号を無視した。The driver ignored the red light
無能(むのう) inútil; no skill; bueno para na’

約 Promesa

訓読み- no tiene :D
音読み- ヤク
ejemplos
約束(やくそく) Promesa
約束を守る keep a promise
約束を破る break a promise
契約(けいやく) contrato
予約(よやく) Reservación; appointment
予約を取り消してください。Please cancel my reservation
バンクーバーまでのフライトを予約したいのですが。Quisiera hacer una reservación de vuelo a Vancouver.
歯のクリーニングの予約をお願いします。 I’d like to make an appointment for a cleaning
婚約(こんやく) marriage engagement
条約(じょうやく) political treaty or pact

勇 courage

訓読み- いさ
音読み- ユウ
ejemplos
勇ましい(いさましい) brave
勇気(ゆうき) courage
勇者(ゆうしゃ) courageous person; hero of a story, usually a medieval kind of story
勇敢さ(ゆうかんさ) bravery
勇敢に(ゆうかんに) bravely
Comments de un japo:
”He is brave." 「彼は勇気がある」…He has a 勇気 「彼は勇敢だ」 …He is 勇敢 「彼は勇ましい」 …He is 勇ましい 勇気 is a kind of spirit. 勇敢 has an image of fighting men. 勇ましい shows the state of a person.
Comments de otro japo:
(○ 勇ましい/○ 勇敢な)若者 a — young man or woman (○ 勇ましく/○ 勇敢に)戦う fight —ly (○ 勇ましい/× 勇敢な)マーチ a — march (song) (○ 勇ましい/× 勇敢な)軍服姿 in a — military uniform 犬が熊に(× 勇ましく/○ 勇敢に)立ち向かう a dog confronts a bear —ly
Comments de otro japo:
「勇ましい」は外見にも行動にも使いますが、「勇敢」は行動にしか使いません。 例 勇ましい行動=勇敢な行動 勇ましい姿=本人が何も行動していなくても、勇気があるように見える姿 勇敢な姿=本人が勇気のある行動をしている姿

訓読み- い
音読み- ヨウ
ejemplos
要る(いる) need. Nota. En anime a veces veo que interpretan いらない como “I don’t want it”
今のところお金はいらない。I don’t need money at present
ここで遠慮はいりません。Please make yourself at home?
つり銭の入らないようにお願いします Exact change, please.
君の助けはいらない。I don’t need your help
君のお情けなど少しもいらない。I don’t need any bit of your pity
要する(ようする) forma formal de decir 要る
必要(ひつよう) Necesario
パンとミルクは必要だ。la leche y el pan son necesarios
申し込むには君本人が行く必要がある。In order to apply, you need to go in person
最悪に備える必要がある。It is necessary that we should preparer for the worst
この仕事を完成するためには、以下の作業が必要となります。To complete this work, the following working items are recommended
この種の仕事は非常に忍耐を必要とする This sort of work calls for great patience
その仕事は10人の人を10日必要とする The work calls for ten men for ten days
小脳は血液の不断の供給を必要とする The brain needs a continuous supply of blood
私たちが新鮮な空気を必要とするように、魚はきれいな水を必要とする As we need fresh air, so fish need clean water (notice the dependency)
その企画は彼の承認を必要とする The plan is subject to his approval
要点(ようてん) el punto; EL GRANO; el concepto principal; the gist; la idea general ; el concepto
彼の話は短くて要点のついたものでした Su historia fue corta y al grano
お話の要点は分かりました I see your point
彼が言っていることの要点はわかった I got the gist of what he was saying
話の要点を書き留めなさい Take down the main points of the speech
comments de un japo:
要点 is "main point" while 重点 is closer to "emphasis". Also, 重点 is almost always used in the following forms: ~に重点を置く (to emphasize ~, to focus on ~) 重点的に~ (to ~ in a focused way).
遠回しに言うかわりに、ジョーンズはズバリ要点に迫った Instead of beating around the bush, Jones got straight to the point.
重要(じゅうよう) Esencial; importante (no solo importante, necesario) mostly written word;
要求(ようきゅう) exigencia
賃上げを要求したらどうですか。Why don’t you ask for a pay raise?
彼らは王がすぐに処刑されるように要求した。They demanded the king be put to death at once..
彼女の要求に応じる Accede to her request
需要(じゅよう) demand (from supply and demand)

養 Cultivate

訓読み- やしな
音読み- ヨウ
ejemplos
養う(やしなう) mantener
彼は養っていかなければならない大家族がある He has a large family to support
デイックは両親に養ってもらっていたが、今は両親から独立している Dick had been dependent on his parents, but now he's independent of them
彼らには養っていかねばならない子供がたくさんいた They had a lot of children to provide for
我々は良書を読んで心を養わねばならない We should cultivate our minds by reading good books
栄養(えいよう) Nutrición
食物が体に栄養を与えるのと同じように、書物は心に豊かさを与えてくれる Books are to the mind what food is to the body
彼女は子供の栄養に気をつけている She is careful about her child's nutrition
教養(きょうよう) Conocedor; to be a man/woman of culture; culture
その医者は教養のある人だ The doctor is a man of culture
彼はいわゆる教養人だ He is what is called a man of culture
多くの女性がより高い教養とキャリアを追求し、それ故に結婚と出産を先延ばしにしている Many women pursue higher education and careers, thus delaying marriage and childbirth
転地療養(てんちりょうよう) un cambio de ambiente (por salud mental)
私たちは南フランスへ転地療養に行く。We go to the South of France for a change of air.
転地療養で彼女は見違えるほど元気になった。The change of air worked wonders for her.
養子(ようし) adopted child

浴 bañarse

訓読み- あ
音読み- ヨク
ejemplos
シャワーを浴びる to take a shower
入浴(にゅうよく) meterse a la bañera
疲れを感じてる時は、入浴に勝るものはない Cuando estas cansado no hay nada que supere meterse a la bañera
浴衣(ゆかた) Yukata

利 funcionar

訓読み- き
音読み- リ
ejemplos
利く(きく) servir; to use (a body part); to be effective; to make use of…
その見知らぬ人はひどく驚いたので、口がきけなかった The stranger was too surprised to speak
口を利く:Use your mouth
この子は大人のような口を利く。 This child talks like an adult.
俺に・・・俺にそんな口をきくな You don't... you don't talk to me like that
それにおれに口を利くときは帽子くらい取れよ And when you talk to me, take off your hat
彼はまるでこの世の中のことを何でも知っているような口を利く He talks as if he knew everything under the sun
君は僕によくもそんな口がきけたものだ How dare you say such a thing to me
目が利く: to have a discerning eye (for art/ antiques/etc.)
気がきく ser atento con otras personas
お、ありがと。気が利くね。 Oh, thanks! How thoughtful.
ワインを冷やしておいてくれたとは気が利いてるね How thoughtful of you to have chilled some wine for us
この薬はあなたに効くでしょう This medicine will do you good
霧で視界が100メートルしかきかなかった. La visión no da a mas de 100 metros por la neblina
この料理は塩がききすぎている This food is too salty
便利(べんり) conveniente
東京駅へ行くには何が一番便利ですか What's the most convenient way to get to Tokyo Station
これは大変便利なものです This is very useful
駅の近くに住んでいるとたいそう便利だ It is a great convenience to live near a station
利用(りよう) Utilizar
利益(りえき) profit
右利き(みぎきき) right handed
左利き(ひだりきき) left handed
有利(ゆうり) Ventaja (pokémon agua contra fuego); favorable; a favor
機会を捕らえてそれを有利に利用する I seize the moment and turn it in to an advantage
彼女は私より有利だ She has an advantage over me
外国語を知っていれば有利である事が君にもわかるでしょう You'll find it your advantage to know a foreign language.
不利(ふり) Desventaja(pokémon fuego contra agua); infavorable; en contra
現場には彼に不利な証拠品は何もなかった There was no evidence against him found at the scene
意志を持たない事が最悪の不利だ Having no will is the worst handicap
警察は彼にのっぴきならない不利な証拠を見つけだした The police discovered damning evidence against him.
この証拠は彼にとって不利だった This evidence was against him
ポケモンには色々タイプがあるの!でタイプには相性あるから、ポケモン勝負の時有利だったり不利だったりするの。Hay muchos tipos de pokemon, y cada tipo tiene una affinidad. A la hora dele combate les puede dar una ventaja o una desventaja (dialogo de un NPC en pokemon)

陸 Land

訓読み- No importa tanto
音読み- リク
ejemplos
大陸(たいりく) continent
離陸(りりく) Despegar
飛行機はあと1時間で離陸する。The plane will take off in one hour
その飛行機は10時きっかりに離陸した。El avian despegó exactamente a las 10 en punto.
着陸(ちゃくりく) Aterrizar
飛行機は6時きっかりに着陸した。The plane landed at 6 o’clock to the minute
陸軍(りくぐん) the land army (as opposed to the airforce)

良 Good

訓読み- よ・い
音読み- リョウ
良い(よい) bueno
最良(さいりょう) the best
人生最良の日 The best day of one’s life
正直は最良の策だ、と私は信じている。Honestly, I believe, is the best policy.
良心(りょうしん) consciencia; la vocecita buena de tu mente
良心が彼を苦しめた。His conscience stung him
良心が彼をとがめた His conscience pricked him
私良心にやましいところはありません。My consciencia está limpia
そんなことをするなんて君には良心があるのか。Do you have the conscience to do such a thing.
仲良く(なかよく) llevarse bien; no tener tensión con nadie
彼は妻と仲良く暮らしている。He lives at peace with his wife.
彼らが仲良くやっていけない予感がする。Tengo un presentimiento que ellos nunca se llevarán bien
彼女がクッラスメートみんなと仲良くしている。ella se lleva bien con todos sus classmates
監督と仲良くやれなかったので彼はチームをやめた。Dejó eel equipo porque no se podía llevar bien con el manager
仲良し(なかよし) good friends
トムとジョンは仲良しです。tom and John are good friends
行儀よくする(ぎょうぎよくする) Comportarse
彼女は息子に家で行儀よくするように言った。Le dijo a sus hijo que se comporte dentro de la casa.
ejemplos

料 Ingredientes; fees

訓読み- No tiene
音読み- リョウ
ejemplos
無料(むりょう) Gratis
料理(りょうり) Cuisine as in cooking with certain ingredinets/techniques but también significa platillo ya preparado
料理の本を見ながら初めてスペイン料理を作ってみましたが、大成功でした。 Mientras veía un libro de cocina, hice mi primer platillo español y fue todo un éxito.
香辛料(こうしんりょう) Spices
料金(りょうきん) a fee; a charge
このホテルの宿泊の料金はいくらですか? What are the charges in this hotel
バスの車掌は彼女に料金を払えないので降りるようにと言った Thee bus conductor told herr to get off because she could not pay thee fare
給料(きゅうりょう) wages

量 Cantidad

訓読み- No importa tanto
音読み- リョウ
ejemplos
大量(たいりょう) Una cantidad grande; one big amount of (tienes que poder traducirlo en ingles y en español de la forma que te lo he puesto para usarlo en lugar de 多量)
彼女は大量の血を目にして恐怖で顔をそむけた She turned away in horror at the sight of so much blood.
その犠牲者はまちがって大量の毒を飲んだと考えられる The victim is thought to have taken a large quantity of poison by mistake
彼はかなり大量の蜂蜜を使った He used a lot of honey
多量(たりょう) muchas cantidades; a copious/abundant amount (tienes que poder traducirlo en ingles y en español de la forma que te lo he puesto para usarlo en lugar de 大量) Mucho; Muchos Bastante; (Muchas unidades de la misma cosa); Opposite of Few;
多量の酒は知覚をまひさせる Too much alcohol paralyzes our perceptive powers
機械は多量の電気を使用する Machinery uses a lot of electricity
彼女は休暇に多量の額のお金を費やした She spent a good deal of money on her vacation
外国語を習得するには多量の練習が必要である It takes a great deal of practice to master a foreign language
多量の水が残っている There is much water left
Comments de un japo:
量が大きいか、多いかの相違です。
「魚が大きい」と「魚が多い」という関係です。
comments de otro japo:
Relative value vs absolute value 相対値と絶対値の違いです。
多量=他に少ないものがあって、それに比べて多い。
大量=とにかく量が大きい。

輪 Anillo

訓読み- わ
音読み- リン
ejemplos
指輪(ゆびわ) anillo; sortija
車輪(しゃりん) neumático; llanta
五輪(ごりん) olympic ring
輪ゴム(わごむ) rubber band
七輪(しちりん) el tatuaje de ariana grande :v

類 Tipo

訓読み- No importa tanto
音読み- ルイ
ejemplos
書類(しょるい) Documento; papers
金庫の中の書類が消えてなくなっている The papers that were in the safe are gone
この書類に苦情の取り扱い方が丁寧に説明してある。The document spells the correct procedure for dealing with complaints
種類(しゅるい) Tipo
ボブは色々な書類の木の実を見つけた。Bob found various types of nuts
これは珍しい種類の魚です。Este es un tipo extraño de pez
1種類3個ずつください。 I’ll take three of each type
オークはどんな種類の木ですか。What kind of tree is an oak?
人類(じんるい) la humanidad
その日、人類は思い出した。この世界は残酷なのだ。That day humanity had a grim reminder. This is a cruel world.
分類(ぶんるい) clasificación
クジラは哺乳類に分類される Whales are classified as mammals
親類(しんるい) reelative (family)
彼は私生きているただ一人の親類だ。He is my only living relative.

令 Comando

訓読み- めい
音読み- レイ
ejemplos
命じる(めいじる) Ordenar
ルルーシュヴィブリタニアが命じる LELOUC VI BRITANIA COMANDS YOU
命令(めいれい) Orden; Dar una orden
指令(しれい) Instrucciones que DEBES seguir. Suena militar
命令形(めいれいけい) Forma imperativa de la gramática japoneesa

冷 frío al tacto

訓読み- つめ・ひ・さ
音読み- レイ
ejemplos
冷たい(つめたい) frío al tacto
氷のように冷たい frío como el hielo
私はとても喉が渇いたので何か冷たい飲み物欲しかった。I was very thirsty and I wanted to drink something cold
北から冷たい風が吹いていた。There was a cold wind blowing from the north.
冷える(ひえる) Se enfría; grow cold
ゼリーは冷えると固くなる Jelly sets as it cools
彼女は冷えたスープを夕食のために暖めた She heated up the cold soup for supper
冷えたビールがあればたまらないね A cold beer would hit the spot
ハワイってさ、暖炉つきの家が多いじゃない?あっちも朝夕は冷えるから、寒がりの人は暖炉を焚くんだ Hawai, y'know, has a lot of houses with fireplaces doesn't it? The mornings and evenings over there get cold as well so people who feel the cold light fires
泳いでいる人達は体が冷えて感覚がなくなっていた The swimmers were numb with cold
私は骨の髄まで冷えた I was chilled to the bone
足が冷えます。Mis pies se enfrían
冷やす(ひやす) Lo enfrío
ワインをもっと冷やしたい。 I want to chill the wine more
病人の頭を氷でええ冷やした。 I cooled the patient’s head with cracked ice
金属は冷やされると縮小する。Metal contracts when cooled
冷める(さめる) cool down; descalentarse; enfriarse (de caliente a temperatura ambiente)
食べ物が冷めます The food is getting cold
料理が冷めてしまっています The food is cold
彼の私に対する情熱はさめない His passion for me doesn't cool
彼の愛情はさめかけていた His affection is cooling
冷静(れいせい) Calma; Tranquilidad; Serenidad
たとえ何が起ころうと、冷静でなければならない Whatever happens, you must keep calm
その娘はたいそう美しいので非常に冷静な男でさえも彼女に惹かれる That girl is so beautiful that she attracts even the most self-possessed men
状況は我々の冷静な判断を必要とする The situation calls for our cool judgement
カナダとの関係は公正かつ冷静な状態が保たれていた Relations with Canada remained correct and cool.
冷静に考えて見ろよ Try thinking with a cool head
ミサトは冷静でいようとしたが、ついにかんしゃくを起こしていた Misato tried to be calm, but finally she lost her temper
冷蔵庫(れいぞうこ) Refrigerador

例 Ejemplo

訓読み- たと
音読み- レイ
ejemplos
例えば(たとえば) Por ejemplo
例える(たとえる) Comparar metafóricamente; hacer analogía
その詩人は死を眠りに例えた。That pet compared death to sleep
コンピューターはよく人の頭脳に例える。The computers often compared to the human brain
人生はしばしば旅に例えられる。Life is often compared to a journey
例外(れいがい) Excepción
比例(ひれい) Relative
供給は需要に比例する。Supply is relative to deemand
例文(れいぶん) Example sentence.
事例(じれい) Instance; case

歴 historial

歴史(れきし) History
履歴(りれき) Historial personal; log
警察はその男の履歴を調べた。La policía investigó los records de ese hombre
彼の履歴についてはほとんど知られていない。Muy poco es sabido de su historial
検索履歴 El historial de búsqueda en search engines
履歴書(りれきしょ) One’s work resume
学歴(がくれき) Academic background

連 Conexión/Take along

訓読み- つれ
音読み- レン
ejemplos
連れる(つれる) llevar a alguien a algún lado
彼はたいてい犬を連れて公園に行く He usually takes his dog to the park
父は私を車でここに連れて来てくれた My father brought me here by car
この建物には犬を連れて入れません You are not permitted to bring dogs into this building
彼は親切に私を病院に連れってくれた He was kind enough to take me to the hospital
彼女を病院に連れて行こうとしても無駄でした It was no use trying to take her to the hospital
なぜ奥さんをパーティーに連れてこなかったの Why didn't you bring your wife to the party?
友達を連れてきなさい。estar alineado
訓練(くんれん) Entrenamiento
軍事訓練とは兵士たちが受ける訓練である。El entrenamiento militar es el entrenamiento recibido por soldados
氏を習うことは記憶力を養うよい訓練兵団となる。Learning poetry is a good discipline for memory
私はその犬をゲイ芸当ができるように訓練した。Entrené a ese perro para que haga trucos
彼女はフィットネッスクラブで毎日訓練する。Ella entrena todos los días en un club de fitness
私たちは昨日防火訓練をした。We had a fire drill yesterday.
連絡(れんらく) contactar; to get in touch; comunicarse
ところで、最近彼から連絡はありましたか I will get in touch with you again about this matter
もし緊急なことがあれば、私に連絡して下さい If there's anything urgent, you can get in touch with me
ここに来た時は(必ず)連絡してくれ Please get in touch me when you are here
ところで、最近彼から連絡はありましたか By the way, have you heard from him lately
2、3日おきに電話して、そうすればもしなにか起きても連絡が保てるから Call me every few days, and in that way we can keep in touch if something happens
彼に電話連絡できなかった I couldn't get him on the phone
トムと連絡が取れない I can't contact Tom.
連続(れんぞく) occurring in succession; seguidos. X+veces+連続して= X veces seguidas
気温は連続して何日も氷点下だった The temperature has been below freezing for several days
彼女は連続して医学的発見をした She made a series of medical discoveries
3日連続して雨が降った It rained three days on end
もう2日連続で電車が遅れて、今週は最悪だったよ This was a bad week. My train was late two days in a row
連想(れんそう) Asociar (mentalmente)
緑は草を連想させる。El verde es asociado con el pasto
私たちはダーウィンという名前を聞くうと進化論を連想する。We associate the name of Darwin with the theory of evolution
その言葉には不愉快な連想がする。That word has unpleasant associations
夏といえば何を感想しますか。What do you associate with summer?
関連(かんれん) connected to
これに関連してどなたか発言がありますか Do any of you have anything to say in connection with this
喫煙と肺ガンには関連がありますか Is there a link between smoking and lung cancer
少年は暴動に関連したために逮捕された The youth was arrested for being involved in a riot
これと関連して知っていることはみな話しなさい Tell me all you know in connection with this

老 old people

訓読み- おい・ふ
音読み- ロウ
ejemplos
老いる(おいる) envejecer
かわいそうな事にその老いた女性はまたもバッグを盗まれた The poor old woman had her bag stolen again
故郷の老いた両親のことを考えて見るべきだ You must think of your old parents at home
彼は自分が老いていくのを感じた。He felt himself growing old
老ける(ふける) Envejecer (connotación negativa). He aquí ejemplos de gente viboreando :v
あの人って若いのに老け顔だよね。Esa persona es joven pero su tiene cara ruca.
彼は老けて見える He looks old for his age
彼女は30代だが、歳の割にはふけて見える She is in her thirties, but looks old for her age
気苦労で彼は急にふけた Care aged him quickly
Comments de un japo:
老いる generally means "to grow old in the due course of one's life" while 老ける is often used to refer to one's physical declines such as gray hair or wrinkles in the face.
老人(ろうじん) old people
老後(ろうご) old age
老後を安心して暮らしたかったら今から貯蓄を始めなさい If you want security in your old age, begin saving now
彼は老後に備えて貯金した He saved money for his old age
親孝行な息子さんがいるから、老後の心配しなくていいわね It must be nice having such a loyal son. You don't have to wonder if you'll be taken care of in your old age
老後のためにしっかりお金をためる Conscientiously save money for one's old age
彼は老後のために大金を貯えている He has a lot of money saved for his old age

労 Labour

訓読み- いたわ
音読み- ロウ
ejemplos
労る(いたわる) to care about something (body/ health) or somebody (sick people, people in trouble, etc). / to treat someone with care / to be concerned about someone / to be considerate / to console
体を労る to take care of one’s body/health.
人を労る To treat people (people in general, sick people or people in trouble) with care or in a sympathetic way.
老人をいたわりなさい Be kind to old people
彼(に)は労りの気持がない >He doesn’t have a feeling of caring.→He doesn’t care about others (who are in trouble).
怪我をした足を労って歩く To walk caring about the injured leg. To favor the uninjured leg and not use the injured one.
人は労り合って生きて行かなければなりません People have to live by caring for each other.
労働(ろうどう) Mano de obra; labor manual
労働者(ろうどうしゃ) obrero; ploteriado
苦労(くろう) hardship; trouble; pain; suffering
苦労なしに栄光はない No glory without hardship
彼らはほとんど苦労しないで金を稼ぐ計画を考えた They devised a scheme to make money with little effort
私は収支を合わすのに苦労しました I had a hard time making both ends meet
世の中のよいものはすべて苦労しなければ手に入らない Suffering is the price of all good things in the world
この種の音楽は年輩の人たちが理解するのに苦労するものだ This kind of music is something that older people have difficulty understanding
それが彼の苦労の種だった That was the source of his troubles
疲労(ひろう) fatiga
過労死(かろうし) death from overwork
労力(ろうりょく) el esfuerzo que te toma completar tareas この機械は多くの労力を省いてくれる。Esta maquina nos ahorra mucho esfuerzo

録 Record

訓読み- No tiene
音読み- ロク
Ejemplos
記録(きろく) record en el sentido de un documento o crónica para la posteridad
世界記録 world record
登録(とうろく) registration
会員の名前をいつ登録したのか When did they register the names of the members
登録の必要のない試用版は配ってもかまいません It is OK to redistribute the unregistered trial version
必ず本人が登録用紙に記入して下さい Be sure to fill out the registration form in person
利用者の登録 user registration
録音(ろくおん) Sound recording
submitted by Zalogon to KanjiEntendible [link] [comments]


2014.05.09 00:11 tabledresser [Table] IamA Former Lt. Governor of Montana and current Senate Democratic candidate fighting big money on both sides of the aisle. John Bohlinger here. AMA!

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2014-05-08
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Questions Answers
Hello Sir, I'm actually opposed to the Death Penalty and voted against it in the state legislature where I served for 12 years.
What is your position on the Death Penalty? I do believe in the power of prayer. He was an invited guest to the floor. That video is shameful and has no place in our house of government. I'm a Catholic, and let me tell you that was very un-christian like.
what do you think about this video that shows a Hindu Prayer being interrupted on the Senate floor by Christian protestors? See my response to karmanaut regarding seperation of church and state. (total separation) especially because that's what the constitution calls for.
Lastly would you say there is too much Christian fundamentalism that governs US politics? What is your view on the separation of church and state? And to be honest, it's not Christian fundamentalism, it's MONEY. Congress is an open and public auction block, it usually goes to the highest bidder.
You previously stated that Montana should not recognize same-sex marriages. Like the question of a women's right to choose, the right to marry, regardless of gender or sexual orientation, should not be determined by religious teachings. Full marriage protection and equality for all LGBTQ citizens (and others not referenced) is a basic human right.
30% of land in Montana is owned by the federal government. Should any of that land be returned to state control? No. The State of MT spends anywhere from 30-50 million dollars a year fighting forest fires. We couldn't afford to protect that land on our current budget.
And federal lands belong to all Americans, we the people, if you will. If the state owned it, it would be at the whims of future legislatures to sell it to private enterprise, thereby prohibiting access.
Since seniority is such a big deal on Capitol Hill in what someone can accomplish both in DC and at home, why should voters vote for you instead of someone who is committed to building seniority and helping Montana? Because seniority is dependent on reelections, reelections are dependent on money, and as a result, because I won't be running for reelection, I'll have 50% more time than any other senator selected to work on the issues that actually matter to Montanans.
And who is to say that a freshman senator can't get something done? Someone should tell Senator. Warren and put a stop to that madness!
Agreed--but how will we ever reach a critical mass if you, and others, only intend to stay for one-term? By setting a precedent showing that citizen funded campaigns CAN win elections and CAN win reelections. Bernie Sanders is a great example of this at work. When I win the primary (and then on in November) it will be a wake up call to the power brokers so accustomed to writing checks to both sides and sitting back knowing that they'll get what they want regardless of who wins. I'll concede that my other Democratic opponent, Dirk Adams, made that point very clear in our most recent debate here in MT.
What are you proposing the minimum wage should be set to? As a follow up, why would this be a good business practice? Wouldn't most businesses automate, thus hurt the very people lobbying for this increase? Business's will automate regardless of the cost of paying employees. I'm not a technological determinist, but I am a pragmatist.
The minimum wage needs to be above $10 to start and begin working towards a living wage. Right now 4.7 million working moms are working at the minimum wage. Too many of those moms are single mothers, trust me when I tell you they aren't banking that money they are going to put it right back in the economy in order to provide care for their children. It's good business practice, because studies show that employees who are taken care of for their work tend to be happier and more productive. Take a look at Costco to see how it's possible to build a successful and profitable business and still pay a living wage.
Can you recommend any good soup recipes? I'm actually a huge soup guy! I love soup.
Tomato basil is the way to go, especially when paired with a nice grilled cheese.
Why can't we have questions like this at the debate? I'd dominate!
Many candidates want to increase Social Security, increase minimum wage, increase vet programs and blah blah blah... All of this will cost money though. In my opinion Senators need to worry about the ~15 trillion debt the US has. How would you solve this serious problem? SS is a huge priority. It saved my family when my father died and we need to make sure that blanket is available for any American that needs it. How do we pay for it?
What are some important policy positions that you have changed your mind about after reviewing more facts/evidence? What was the key piece of information that caused you to change stances? A Women's right to choose.
My feelings about abortions haven't changed, but what has is my understanding that my moral reservations and religious teachings don't have a place determining public policy.
That, and a man has no right telling a woman what she can or can't do with her body.
A woman's right to choose should be a part of the equal right amendment and the law of the land. Period.
John.
What is your position on gun control? I believe in the 2nd amendment. I am a Marine from MT, and hunting is a part of our tradition. Naturally, I'm well trained in the use of firearms.
When my boys were young I took them hunting. Absolutely wonderful fatheson experience.
I do question the use of firearms with high capacity clips, silencers, as a sportsman's weapon or a necessity for self defense.
Background checks are necessary, the parking lot sale of firearms often times puts weapons in the hands of people who should not have them (mentally ill, felons, etc...) so we need to find a way to regulate the sale of firearms without impinging on our constitutional rights.
Considering your stances on other types of election reform, have you considered reforming the voting system itself? Specifically, do you have an opinion on using Approval Voting as a method for removing the spoiler effect? Or since you are currently involved in the primary process, how about Oregon's attempt to enact a Unified Approval Primary where all candidates run in a single primary, all voters mark who they "approve of", with the two most "approved of" candidates advancing to the general? You know, I hadn't heard of this, but I like the concept! A single selection out of the primary limits options of Voters and limits issues in terms of their discussion if a major proponent of one is out of the race due to losing the primary.
I'll have do more research and reading, but this sounds very promising.
If you could take any senator out of office right now, who would it be and why? John Walsh. Why? Because I can better represent the people of the state of Montana and frankly no Dem should be taking money from private prisons and Wal-Mart. That's why prisons have become a for profit enterprise and we are struggling to raise the minimum wage.
What about not from your state? Mitch McConnell. He impedes progress and simply isn't trying to find common ground between Dems and Republicans.
Hi John, your 'other' daughter Jeanne on Mountain View here. Just happened to catch this on my lunch hour! I'm curious about your views on Keystone XL. I know it's "supposed to" be good for MT business, but is it really? I really object to our 'paying' for Canada oil to be pumped through our state, us taking on all the risks when the pipeline leaks (and it will, inevitably). Shouldn't we focus on slowing down climate change through alternate energy anyway? I will only support the Keystone XL pipeline if the oil that flows through it will stay in America.
We have a nationally stated energy policy of being free from mideast oil. Right now, the pipeline is destined for overseas markets, including China. Why should we make sacrifices just to support their energy.
We also have a nationally stated policy to create jobs. This will provide 10,000's of construction jobs, which are temporary, but which construction jobs aren't?
It's also much safer, even with spills, to transfer oil through a pipelines and not rail. The disaster in Lynchburg could have been much, much worse.
Look, if we are being honest, we need fossil fuels to build renewable energy. The average wind turbine takes 4 tons of copper, which has to be mined, and then refined and processed, using energy. In an industrial society, it takes energy to make energy.
In 1972, MT adopted a very progressive constitution was enacted that called for a healthy and clean environment. We charge the department of environmental quality to insure that the constitutional need or mandate is met. I have faith in MT's DEQ to protect our land, our air and our water.
How do you plan to advocate for net neutrality and make a noticeable gain? The FCC (and apparently the WH) have seemed to reverse course and waived the white flag. We need a movement like we had when the world citizens shut down SOPA. Google and Amazon is a start, but senators will really listen when constiutuents flood their office with phone calls and letters letting them know they oppose the FCC's ruling on NN.
I want to see NN protests on social media sites the same way we saw American and European citizens rally against SOPA and PIPA.
Hello Sir, It's become a very partisan chamber and that was never the intent of the supreme court. I'm not sure I like life terms for anything.
There has been a lot of controversy surrounding the SCOTUS, do you feel that they are pushing their own agenda? Do you think that the Justices should have a life term? When elected to the Senate I'll most likely have to affirm a candidate for SCOTUS and I can tell you I won't approve of anyone who isn't a stellar example of post partisan judiciary practice.
Any specific topic that influenced you to switch from Republican to Independent and then to Democrat? Or was it multiple issues? Multiple, but mostly I believe in the government's responsibility to provide effective human services and quality education.
The GOP started moving one way on that, and I started moving another.
How long have you been rocking the bow tie? I've worn bow-ties for years! My father was a bow-tie man and I told myself if I ever grew-up I would wear bow-ties as well to honor my father.
For the record my bow-tie is blue and leans a little to the left ;)
Did it lean to the right before you became a Democrat? Moderately.
Will you do anything about this stupid drug war? I was apart of the legislature when we voted for Medical Marijuana (back when I was still a Republican!)
Marijuana helped my mother during the effects of chemo. But after the first time she tried it she never did it again because she felt such great consternation toward breaking the law.
Washington and Colorado have done something great and we should study it and confirm what we all suspect. Assuming the studies come back positively, then we should legalize it, regulate it, and tax it, and use that money for education and human service benefits.
Any law of the land that criminalizes the activity of more than half of all Americans weakens the law of the land. Just take a look at prohibition to see an actual case example.
Yes, how do we get the young people off our lawns and out to vote? Garden hoses have worked wonders for years now.
Do you think horseless carriages are contributing to climate change? So glad you could put that in language I could understand.
Yes. Horseless carriages and man alike are contributing to global warming, and any other suggestion to the contrary is simply being ignorant of the facts.
Is there really much difference between Republicans and Deomcrats? Dont you both get marching orders from the same people? I agree that most members in both parties march to the beat of the dollar.
But I'm not. I've refused PAC money during the primary and won't stand for reelection and therefore don't have to answer to anybody but the constituents who elected me and the American's who rely on me to make the right decisions regardless of who is financing the viewpoints.
How would you shrink federal spending? Would you cut military spending? Would you quit the federal govt giving all kinds of tanks and military equipment to local police? Or are you for a more militarized America? Yes. We spend an obscene fortune on our defense.
What is your view on the role of congress and American troops going to war? Should congress have to declare war for that to happen or should they get an easy out and not have to decide? There hasnt been a declared war since WW2. Did congress uphold its responsibility in the wars after WW2? Only congress should be able to authorize war and to answer your question Congress hasn't done much of anything regarding it's responsibilities since WW2.
Would you vote for impeachment if Jeb Bush were president and sent troops off to fight in a war that congress didnt declare. There are too many hypotheticals here for me to give you a yes or no answer.
I would not support any war that congress did not officially declare (and even then it would be conditional on the situation) regardless of the party affiliation of the President.
Regarding corporate welfare, would you support a law or amendment outlawing all bailouts/subsidies/guaranteed loans to for-profit corporations? Outlawing isn't the right phrase. The investment of public dollars at the time of the 2008 crisis saved this country. Banks that are too big to fail are too big to exist, so before we reach this crisis point we need to put preventative measures that will prevent the need for bailouts and guaranteed loans.
The focus has been more on what we did to save the economy than what we allowed in order for the economy to reach that condition. We need to address the economic climate that is leading to the constant formations of bubbles and recessions.
What is your stance on giving subsidies to billionaire farmers? What about corn subsidies? Since I haven't meet any individual billionaire farmers in MT, I'm going to assume you are referring to large corporate farms. I'm in favor of the Farm Bill that provides food stamps to feed the hungry, which requires a subsidy.
I don't think corn ethanol provides enough of a carbon emissions savings over regular gasoline to justify the sheer amount that has been handed out in the form of subsidies.
But our regular farmer's will and do need support in order to compete against the Monsantos of the world and I think it's our duty to support them.
Currently there is a large movement around the country to counter criminalization of the homeless and those suffering poverty. What kind of programs or ideas do you have concerning this issue and do you believe that giving worst offenders of habitual or chronic homelessness a home first before services is so far the most economical cost-saving benefit to those less fortunate? Before we can start "giving" them homes, we have to find programs that will some of the issues affecting the homeless: namely mental illness (including TBI's) and substance abuse.
Also good work so far brother, keep on struggling on. Prison solves nothing for either society or the homeless that are apart of it. They need actual help, we need to expand programs regarding mental health services and substance abuse services, and I don't see how a 6x9 cell does anything other than remove them from society for a brief period of time.
What are your thoughts on the idea of a Basic Income policy to keep people at a minimum standard of living as jobs are lost to automation? I haven't studied enough of basicincome principals to be informed enough to hold a strong position.
See /basicincome. I do believe in a minimum wage increase and think that's a start towards alleviating wage oppression in the United States.
John, I've been going to pride parades since the 90's. When in the legislature I introduced protection of sexual orientation as a basic human right.
I am a very big fan, I love how progressive you are and your stance on GLBTQ. What influenced you to have such an open mind on this topic when frankly, people of your generation tend not to see things the same way? People don't make conscious choices on their sexual orientation. I'm a spiritual man, and we are who we are as God created us. We should all honor God's creations.
Mr. Bohlinger, I am currently a student at UM in Missoula. My peers and I are all wondering what we can do to help you out in your election, seeing as Senator Walsh will obviously have the upper hand. How do we get involved in your primary campaign, and what are your main worries when it comes to your race against Walsh? My only worries in my race against Senator Walsh is the amount of influence money purchases, but this applies to all races. I'd love for you to help with the campaign, please reach out on our facebook page and we'll get you and your peers whatever you need to help us fight big money. Above all else: VOTE! Voting is how we renew our Democracy, and not enough young citizens participate in voting. No matter who you vote for, the act of voting is how you get to choose the government of your choice, not the one that is forced on you.
These candidates only receive so much attention because they draw on popular sentiments; the one thing they're good for is diverting energy from grass-roots movements. When they come to power and sell out the public, the opposition parties can capitalize on this to associate their supposedly "radical" ideas with the very problems they promised to solve, and channel disillusionment with government into yet another political campaign! So should we put our energy into supporting politicians, or into building the social momentum that forces them to take radical stances in the first place? Social momentum.
It's the idea, never the man.
I can't sell out, because no one will want to buy a one term senator! Aside from that, I'm not for sale, and have no intention of being made a hypocrite when elected.
I guess I'm too late, but what do you mean by repeal Citizens United? The Supreme Court struck down legislation that it held (stupidly, I think) to be unconstitutional. What can you do about that? A constitutional amendment declaring only human beings are entitled to free speech, the same way the 13th and 14th amendment trumped Dredd Scott.
Trying to send you some money, but I can't figure out how to do so without getting myself on a bunch of mailing lists and getting telemarketing calls up the wazoo. If I send a check, can you restrain your people from selling my name all over creation? I know I have to identify myself,my employer (none), etc. for campaign contribution reasons, I just don't want to end up on a hundred lists. How can I do that? Bohlinger for Senate 2014 P.O. Box 601 Helena, MT 59624.
I suppose 25 used $100 bills wouldn't be okay? :D. Unmarked currency, non-sequential only ;)
Joking aside, I'm so humbled and appreciative of your support, financial or otherwise.
What do you think of legalizing weed? Replied elsewhere in thread.
Hello John, I'm impressed by your quick platform for the most part. I suggest in the case of student loan interest rates that instead of setting it to the rate the fed charges banks, that it be set to a rate that make student loans revenue neutral. This would likely mean higher than the fed rate, but lower than current rates. I'm all for lowering the cost of higher education, but I believe this should be done in direct funding to the (public) universities rather than in subsidized interest rates. This focuses the money on public education rather than spreading it out to all schools including predatory for-profit diploma mills. I guess my only question is are you open to suggestions? Cheers. I am always open to suggestions and kindly ask that you send me the research supporting your argument.
Do you support authorizing construction of the Keystone Pipeline? I've responded to this elsewhere in the thread.
Ok, If someone wanted to become a mayor of a small town how would they go about doing so? And we're you a mayor before being a governe. Well I wasn't a Governor, I was a Lt. Governor and a former state Senator and State legislator.
I would say to get involved in your town's political and community activities, donate your time to non profits, attend town council meetings and speak if you are given the opportunity. People need to know who you are and where you stand on the issues that matter to them. That's always the first step.
How much will you rely on lobbyists' money? Through the primary: $0.
After the primary, whoever wins usually gets a big check from the Democratic party so that they can go on and actively campaign during the general election. Same thing on the Republican side.
Where the party gets its money from, well, I don't have to tell you where some of that money comes from.
This is why we so desperately need to change campaign finance laws.
Ted Turner received farm subsidies. He owns a farm in Montana. Never met him personally, but I agree he does not need to be receiving subsidies.
I hope someone on your staff has run the numbers, because I haven't. Good luck with your race. We're working hard to come up with viable solutions, I'm not in the habit of providing lip service.
Thank you for your support, we're going to do our best!
If you do manage to get to DC, I think you might get along with my state's junior Senator, Bernie Sanders, I am a HUGE fan of Bernie Sanders.
Hello, I agree that the government should be a safety net and not a sole provider. But if we are being honest not everyone has the ability to do what you do. We don't have an efficient trade school system, like say Germany. What about those with disabilities? Single mother's who now make up half of all working mothers? How will they pay for daycare? What would my family have done if social security wasn't there to pick us up when my father died? People like you are the backbone in America in that you help support others who are unable to do so themselves. It's easy to say, "they should go to school!", but then how will they pay for it? Most state schools can't even be attended even if you work full time with a minimum paying job, something that was possible in the 70's and 80's. Tuition has risen at a rate far beyond inflation and the minimum wage. I've always been of the belief that you look in your neighbor's bowl, not to make sure you have more than them, but to make sure they have enough. We can provide an opportunity for these people to invest in themselves, but we haven't done so. I'm willing to bet you have some significant skills that allows you to accomplish what you have, and someone, somewhere, helped you develop them and supported you. We need to provide support for those that don't have it.
Thank you for your response, sir. Thank you for what you do everyday, thank you for participating in the processes, and thank you for being respectful even though I know you don't necessarily agree with everything I say.
I know you're gone now and probably won't see this, but if you do happen to check back I wanted you to know that as a result of this AMA and your responses, I'll be supporting you instead of Walsh in June. Just so you know, it's people like you that reaffirm my decision to run in this race. Thank you and God Bless.
John.
Last updated: 2014-05-12 16:25 UTC
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